I am aware of the picture of the man wearing the 'dress' from TNG, which promotes gender equality, but are gay rights ever addressed in Star Trek at all? (All seasons accepted.)

8 Answers 8


Takei said he spoke to Roddenberry about the possibility of broaching the gay rights issue, and Roddenberry seemed genuinely interested in the idea for TNG but passed on before he could implement it.

But the shows have touched upon the issue very subtly in some places, as outlined here.

For instance, Trill relationships have tangentially introduced non-heteronormative attraction as well as complex gender identities:

  • Beverly's love interest, Odan, is later seen in a female host
  • Dax obviously has been both male and female, and there are definite homoerotic undertones in her re-encounter with Lenara Kahn in Rejoined. To a lesser degree, her re-encounter with Enina in Dax also demonstrates a shared continued romantic bond with another woman.
    (Jadzia and Lenara's kiss was apparently censored in several Southern states.)

And there's also the introduction of races with non-binary genders/marriages:

  • J'naii, the asexual androgynous species from The Outcast, which Soren belonged to.
  • Bynars, a genderless quasi-cybernetic race.
  • Vissians, a species with 3 sexes and genders where the 3rd sex was treated almost like communal property that's passed around to couples trying to reproduce.
  • Andorians, who—according to Data—require groups of four to marry. In canonical works, there have only been 2 genders depicted, but they could potentially have more than 2 genders, or 4 sexes and 2 genders (i.e. 4 different sets of plumbing, though only 2 culturally expressed genders).
  • Bolians, who have 2 genders but sometimes marry in groups of 3 or more, as implied in Field of Fire when Ezri mentions that Petty Officer Zim Brott has a "co-husband" in addition to a wife.

And, ironically, the chauvinistic Ferengi race has also been used to explore trans characters:

  • Quark gets gender-reassignment surgery in Profit and Lace.
  • Pel is also forced to crossdress because of Ferengi repression of females.

There's also lots of homoerotic scenes in DS9 episodes dealing with the mirror universe:

  • Intendant Kira Nerys' attraction to prime Kira appears to go beyond just narcissism. The show also hints at a sexual relationship with Ezri Tigan.
  • Ezri Tigan later seems to hit it off with mirror Leeta.

Lastly, there was a sexy scene between Raijin and T'Pol.

For more info, see this Ex Astris Scientia article, which lists some more subtle gay/trans symbolism in Star Trek (e.g. Laas being an analogy for an openly gay character, Pa'nar Syndrome and the perceived deviance of mindmelders as an analogy for the ostracism of the gay community and the perception during the 80s of AIDS as a "gay man's disease", etc.).

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    “Quark gets gender-reassignment surgery in Profit and Lace.” Ha! What a sensitive and nuanced exploration of trans issues that was. Commented Jul 1, 2014 at 9:40
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    TNG "The Outcast" confronted it pretty much head-on. The existence of Soren's "non-conforming" orientation and lack of acceptance within her home culture was a direct commentary on social attitudes toward sexual orientation contemporary to the series' production.
    – Anthony X
    Commented Sep 6, 2014 at 23:48
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    I think the Outcast doesn't get the recognition it deserves as a classic Trek story on the faults of present day civilization; yes, the morality is a little heavy handed, but it makes an important point on LGBT rights.
    – user30472
    Commented Dec 30, 2014 at 6:23
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    @tardigrade I think you're confusing Takei's desire for Sulu to be straight with his not wanting gay rights to be addressed in Trek. It's well documented at this point that he's had at least one conversation with Gene about tackling gay rights in Trek: towleroad.com/2015/08/star-trek-gay blastr.com/2010/08/george_takei_roddenberry.php wgrz.com/news/nation-now/… Commented Jul 8, 2016 at 10:31
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    The reason he didn't like Sulu becoming gay is primarily that Gene didn't write Sulu as gay. Trek isn't like comic books where there's infinite versions/retconning/ret-retconning to reinterpret and redefine characters. One can respect that but still want gay rights addressed in a different manner. Also, it's possible Takei doesn't like the notion that the character he played while being closeted just happens to turn out as gay. Perhaps there's a sense that he's being retroactively gay-typecasted. Commented Jul 8, 2016 at 10:34

No. At least not directly.

The issue of same-sex relationships was never brought forward in Star Trek. This is in all the TV shows and in the movies. The only time anything on screen came close to addressing this was in an episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation. The episode The Outcast dealt with a race (the J'naii) that had only one sex, yet there were those who identified more with one gender than another. Those who were like this and were caught were re-programmed to be "healthy" and prefer the "normal" monosexual relationships.

There was an attempt, within the 1st season, to address the topic. David Gerrold, best known for writing The Trouble with Tribbles, was a member of the writing staff at the time and wrote an episode titled Blood and Fire that featured two characters, Enterprise crewmen, who were in a same-sex relationship. The episode apparently created behind the scenes tension and it was never produced. Gerrold later re-wrote it for his Star Wolf series. After that, he re-wrote it using characters from the original Star Trek and it was produced as a two part episode as part of Star Trek: Phase II.

There are rumors that Lt. Hawk in Star Trek: First Contact was supposed to be the first openly gay character in Star Trek, but the producers of the movie have denied that.

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    Er... Commented Mar 31, 2014 at 8:43
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    Just as an interesting aside, Johnathan Frakes heavily campaigned for a male actor to play Soren, Riker's love interest in the episode (The Outcast). I agree with Frakes, it would have been a cool statement. Commented Mar 31, 2014 at 8:52
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    Worth noting that Hawk is portrayed as having been gay in the Titan book series, since one of the main characters there was his husband. (As always, canonicity of non-TV-and-film sources is debatable.)
    – Roger
    Commented Mar 31, 2014 at 15:18
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    Rejoined may have two women kissing but that is not really the message of that episode. The central taboo in Rejoined is their expressing a relationship from a previous host -- the act is called 'reassociation' and it is grounds for exile in the Trill culture. The fact that no one in the 24th century gives a rip that the two are female is a deafening silent statement to be sure, but it was not the aim of the episode in the same way that The Outcast was a legitimate attempt at sex-same commentary. en.memory-alpha.org/wiki/Rejoined_(episode)#Reception
    – Stick
    Commented Mar 31, 2014 at 15:46
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    @Stick, my take on Rejoined was the bit about focussing on reassociation was a manoeuvre to be able to talk about gay rights without talking about gay rights
    – LRE
    Commented Mar 31, 2014 at 23:33

Not really on tv/film, but as others have said, people involved with Trek have tried to incorporate LGBTI issues and have been denied.

In the expanded universe (novels, comics, games etc) though there have been LGBTI individuals, and off the top of my head I can remember:

In all of these instances I recall it being pretty much a non-issue for Federation citizens.

Wikipedia has a page that might be some use: Sexuality in Star Trek. Also Homosexuality in Star Trek

Also here's a link to TV Legends Revealed where they talk about the previously mentioned David Gerrold's Blood and Fire episode, but there is a quote by Ron Moore, one of the writers on Star Trek, where they talk about the mindset of the time:

"We’ve just failed at it. It’s not been something we’ve successfully done. At Star Trek we used to have all these stock answers for why we didn’t do it. The truth is it was not really a priority for any of us on the staff so it wasn’t really something that was strong on anybody’s radar. And then I think there’s a certain inertia that you’re not used to writing those characters into these dramas and then you just don’t. And somebody has to decide that it’s important before you do it and I think we’re still at the place where that’s not yet a common – yeah, we have to include this and this is an important thing to include in the shows. Sci fi for whatever reason is just sort of behind the curve on all this"


The actor for Garak has provided some insight into the issues with Star Trek and sexuality, and why he backed off from portraying his character as omnisexual:

Andrew Robinson provided non-canon insight into his role when interviewed by Amazon.com, stating "I started out playing Garak as someone who doesn't have a defined sexuality. He's not gay, he's not straight, it's a non-issue for him. Basically his sexuality is inclusive. But – it's Star Trek and there were a couple of things working against that. One is that Americans really are very nervous about sexual ambiguity. Also, this is a family show, they have to keep it on the 'straight and narrow', so then I backed off from it. Originally, in that very first episode, I loved the man's absolute fearlessness about presenting himself to an attractive human being. The fact that the attractive human being is a man (Bashir) doesn't make any difference to him, but that was a little too sophisticated I think. For the most part, the writers supported the character beautifully, but in that area they just made a choice they didn't want to go there, and if they don't want to go there I can't, because the writing doesn't support it."

I also vaguely recall once reading an interview with Alexander Siddig (the actor for Julian Bashir), where after being introduced to the character Garak he seriously thought that they were going to be the first gay couple on the series. Unfortunately, I cannot seem to find it now.


(I assume that "All seasons accepted" implies any of the official shows.)

It is more indirectly about gay rights (circumstantial evidence if you will), but Star Trek: Discovery features an openly gay male married couple among the lead characters Paul Stamets and Hugh Culber. There be on-screen smoochy times, and the history, evolution and struggles of their relationship are part of the series' story arcs.

A secondary character, Jet Reno, is a woman who has a dead wife, and discusses strategies for navigating and valuing queer relationships with Hugh in the episode "Through the Valley of the Shadows."

So gay rights are addressed in the sense that there is legal recognition of same sex marriages, and that same-sex relationships are apparently part of a normative set of permitted romantic relationships in Starfleet society (at least among humans).


Roddenberry was once asked why a bald guy is commanding the Enterprise - surely by the 24th century we would have a cure for male pattern baldness? His famous answer: "By the 24th century, no one will care."

However, in the 1990s the prime-time networks were not quite ready for Brokeback Mountain in the Holodeck. In the 1960s it was really pushing the limits to put a black woman on the bridge. Note that the original first officer was female, but that didn't make it past the pilot.

So, extrapolating from 1966 (women as set dressing) to 1987 (bald men running the ship) to women captains in 1995 to girl-on-girl action shortly after, we can reasonably predict that, like baldness, by the 24th century no one will care about same-sex relationships and thus there's no need to air it today.

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    "by the 24th century no one will care about same-sex relationships and thus there's no need to air it today." By your logic, there would not be any reason to make a big issue about it, but that's not necessarily the same as saying as there's no need to air it today.
    – phantom42
    Commented Mar 31, 2014 at 11:19
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    You have the start of a good premise here, but then your extrapolation goes wrong. If your conclusion was just that the time had not yet come, but would have soon if the series had been continued (or something like that), I'd +1.
    – Bobson
    Commented Mar 31, 2014 at 15:00
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    By the 24th century, no one will care that a captain is bald, therefore depicting a bald captain is perfectly normal --becomes--> by the 24th century, no one will care that a starfleet officer is gay, therefore we won't ever see a gay starfleet officer? There seems to be a gap in your logic. Commented Apr 1, 2014 at 6:23
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    Star Trek depicts a ton of romantic relationships. So the notion that gay individuals would never be identifiable is peculiar. It also doesn't make sense to argue that, because no one in the 24th century is homophobic, there's no need in to address that issue today. You may as well argue that Star Trek's commentary on racism, sexism, nationalism, capitalism, militarism, etc. were all unneeded because those are issues that the Federation has already outgrown. Star Trek's social commentary is for today's audience, not for a fictional 24th century audience. Commented Apr 28, 2015 at 2:17
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    A logical extrapolation from your example of Picard being bald would actually be to casually depict gay crew members being treated as normal human beings. One would expect exactly that in a tolerant and evolved 24th century society, because no one would care if you're gay/straight/bi, so gays in the 24th century wouldn't have to hide their homosexuality. Roddenberry wasn't saying "no 24th century audience would need to see a bald person commanding a starship, so there's no need for Picard to be bald." Commented Apr 28, 2015 at 2:28

It was recently announced that int the upcoming Star Trek Beyond film, Sulu will have both a husband and a daughter.

Source: John Cho Reveals Sulu Is Gay in 'Star Trek Beyond'
             John Cho Reveals Sulu Is Gay in 'Star Trek Beyond' (fans reaction)

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    Interestingly, George Takei is disappointed by this, feeling that Sulu was intended by Roddenberry to be straight (some evidence in this answer and the comments that go with it) and that it would have been better to introduce a new gay character.
    – Hypnosifl
    Commented Jul 7, 2016 at 23:42

Not sure if anyone said this already but there was an episode of Star Trek TNG when William Riker fell in love with a gender neutral being. Not sure if I recall the full plot or premise correctly but I got a gay vibe from the episode.

  • The Outcast was the episode. It was mentioned above. Out of universe, Frank's wanted the character to be played by a man, but the studio nixed it. So yea, slightly gay. Slightly trans.
    – user16696
    Commented Jun 28, 2015 at 23:15

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