I remember the fictional metal unobtainium used in several science fiction movies / stories, often to the point where my friends and I laugh when it is used.

I know it is used in the movie "The Core" as material for the ship, and I more recently remember it being the sought-after material in "Avatar", but is there a history of this fictional metal used elsewhere? Which sci-fi work was this material first used?

  • 4
    Does this answer your question: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unobtainium ?
    – Tony Meyer
    Sep 14, 2011 at 0:21
  • If the use in engineering is the first use of it, then yes, but the reference states "at least" up til the 1950s... if this is the best that can be figured though, then I'll close the question.
    – John
    Sep 14, 2011 at 0:34
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    It's important to know that the Unobtainium in "The Core" and "Avatar" are different. That's sort of the point of unobtainium - it fits whatever the engineering needs are to make the story work.
    – Jeff
    Sep 14, 2011 at 18:30
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5 Answers 5


Well, Tony Meyer mentions the wiki article in the comments to the question.. but the Citations actually make better reading than the main article:

1.^ "unobtainium, n. A substance having the exact high test properties required for a piece of hardware or other item of use, but not obtainable either because it theoretically cannot exist or because technology is insufficiently advanced to produce it. Humorous or ironical." Listed in "Interim Glossary, Aero-Space Terms," as compiled by Woodford Heflin and published in February, 1958, by the Air University of the US Air Force.

2.^ Since at least the 1950s: Hansen, James R. (1987) "Engineer in Charge: A History of the Langley Aeronautical Laboratory, 1917–1958." The NASA History Series, sp-4305. Chapter 12, recounting an October 1957 meeting, mentions the problems caused by "the lack of a superior high-temperature material (which the Langley structures people dubbed 'unobtainium')" This paragraph in turn cites Becker, John V. "The Development of Winged Reentry Vehicles, 1952–1963," unpublished, dated 23 May 1983.

  • 7
    Just as a curiousity point, I've seen "veryrarium" used alongside it as well. Sep 14, 2011 at 12:40
  • 3
    baahaha veryrarium. clever
    – John
    Sep 14, 2011 at 17:57

The first use of the word "unobtainium" that I find is in the 1930 work "Dechema-Monographien - Volume 39 - Page 12" Reference

...Gewicht gleich Null. Ein Amerikaner hat diesen Werkstoff scherzhafterweise einmal das Element "Unobtainium" genannt.

Google Translation

...Weight equal to zero. An American has jokingly called this material once the element "Unobtainium".

The short story "The Skylark of Space (Amazing Stories 1928) uses a "miracle substance" that is later referred to as "unobtainium" reference but this only uses the concept, I am extremely doubtful that this is the first use of the concept.

The Wikipedia article on Unobtainium (as of this writing) has history going back to the 1950s in use by aerospace engineers. Presumably this use was proceeded by a Science Fiction usage, that brought the term to popularity.

I have found some references suggesting that the 1945 work "Animal Farm" was the first use in English of the word 'Unobtainium", but I have been unable to confirm this.

  • 1
    The 1930 date given by Google Books is the date of volume 1 of that journal. Your quotation is from volume 39 which was published in 1963. Google is not your friend.
    – user14111
    Apr 25, 2021 at 5:58
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    I was unable to find the word "onobtainium" in online texts of The Skylark of Space and Animal Farm.
    – user14111
    Apr 25, 2021 at 6:00
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    I don't think "this use was proceeded (sic) by a Science Fiction usage" is correct. Sf picked up the term from aerospace engineering. Apr 25, 2021 at 11:44

It's a common engineering term, actually. I think it dates back to at least the 50's, though I don't have a reference for that.

It is used a LOT (TV Tropes link) even in real life. According to the link, aluminium was initially so difficult to produce that it was considered unobtanium.

  • +1 for the tropes link, this page has all the instances it was used (which was half of what I was looking for).
    – John
    Sep 14, 2011 at 17:57
  • @John - I can't find a reference for when the term was first used in SF, but the concept has been around forever - probably as long as sci-fi has existed.
    – Jeff
    Sep 14, 2011 at 18:29

The online Oxford English Dictionary's earliest citation for the word unobtainium (also spelled unobtanium) is from 1956, and is not from a work of fiction. Those without access to the OED can find this information at the Historical Dictionary of Science Fiction:

1956 Marshall (Michigan) Evening Chronicle 27 Feb. 6/8

Scientists are now working on a new metal to be used in making the noses on intercontinental ballistics missiles. The metal is so hard to come by that the scientists have devised a lugubriously-humorous name for it. They call it ‘unobtainium’.

The earliest science-fictional example listed at the HDSF is from David Brin's Startide Rising, mentioned in user140305's answer. Other answers posted here mention the fictional works Animal Farm and The Skylark of Space, which are older than Startide Rising but unfortunately do not use the term "unobtainium".


Unobtainium is found in the core of a planet in the book, Startide Rising, by David Brin (1983). It is being used to construct some sort of super weapon by the ET bad guys.

None of the other moons in the Kthsemenee system had the one attribute this one possessed: a core of almost one percent unobtainium. Already thirty of the Brothers' ships had landed, to begin construction of the Weapon.

This is in answer to the OP's question "Which sci-fi work was this material first used?"

  • Hi, welcome to SF&F. The question was for the earliest usage, and there are already answers dating it back to 1958 at the latest, and possibly decades earlier. As such, posting a usage of the term from the 1980s isn't remotely close, and doesn't help answer the question.
    – DavidW
    Apr 25, 2021 at 2:29
  • @DavidW The question isn't completely clear but I think it's asking for the earliest use in a work of science fiction, and I don't see one here that's earlier than Startide Rising. Do you see one that I missed, or do you think the OP wants the first use of the word in any context? The Historical Dictionary of Science Fiction has a nonfiction cite from 1956.
    – user14111
    Apr 25, 2021 at 2:43
  • @user14111 The answer by James Jenkins lists several possibilities that James was unable to substantiate, the latest of which was 1945.
    – DavidW
    Apr 25, 2021 at 4:24
  • @DavidW I searched online texts of Skylark and Animal Farm and, as expected, couldn't find "unobtainium" in either of them.
    – user14111
    Apr 25, 2021 at 5:16
  • @DavidW Oops, Jenkins' "1930" example is actually from a 1963 issue of a journal which was founded in 1930. So much for that.
    – user14111
    Apr 25, 2021 at 5:23

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