As for was Yoda the last of a dying species - NO
Limiting to the movies itself there was Yaddle, the other Jedi on the Jedi council, from the same species as Yoda
as for being the last one to die I am not very sure when Yaddle died so I'll go with the obvious one - Grogu, who we first meet in Episode 1 of The Mandalorian (2019) which is set way after Yoda died.
Further going into Legends in Yoda's species we have Vandar Tokare(died before Yoda) who was a powerful master who too sat on the Jedi council, and then there were -
A fourth Jedi Master of said species, Oteg, served during the Cold War. A fifth, lesser-known Jedi of this species, Jedi Knight Minch, served the Jedi Order around 700 BBY. Although little is known about him, he proved himself quite able in the ways of the Force when he single-handedly defeated a Dark Jedi Master in combat. In contrast to the other four masters, who had all shown exceptional calmness and self-control at all times, Minch had a slightly more fiery temperament and was known to have once lost his cool when subjected to Dun Möch.
So basically we have met individuals from Yoda's species other than Yoda himself.
As for Yoda's backstory the other answer addresses it.
Wookipedia for Yoda's Species