In Captain America: The Winter Soldier, it's revealed that in the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU), there was an Operation Paperclip at the end of World War II, just as in real life. In the MCU, the Soviet Union counterpart to Paperclip created the Winter Soldier, so the real world projects ended up having super-science ramifications in the MCU. On the American side of this, we see the SSR (and later S.H.I.E.L.D.) absorb these scientists and their super-science accomplishments, but what about the Soviet Union?

Did the Soviet Union (and the countries it later split into) have a S.H.I.E.L.D. equivalent? What did they accomplish, besides the Winter Soldier?

  • And yes, if we don't know yet, then I can wait until Agent Carter, which will take place in the right timeframe to shed light on this.
    – user1027
    Jul 24, 2014 at 17:54
  • As I note in my answer below - the question doesn't make sense as written. SHIELD is a global international agency which includes Russian and ex-KBG agents in its ranks. Even the SSR isnt government specific - it's like a cross between NATO and the OSS. The question shouldn't be "Does Russia have a SHIELD", it should be "Did the Axis have an SSR equivalent?"
    – joshbirk
    Jul 24, 2014 at 21:28
  • @joshbirk The issue is that in canon, there was an Operation Paperclip. So the Americans were trying to grab scientists and keep them out of Russian hands. So the Russians must have been up to something. We see them grab the Winter Soldier, so someone ran the Winter Soldier program in the USSR. Per the history described in Cap 2, the SSR (which clearly didn't include the USSR) turned into SHIELD shortly after WWII. The people running Winter Soldier didn't get blended with SHIELD until HYDRA infiltrated SHIELD. What were they up to before that?
    – user1027
    Jul 24, 2014 at 22:35
  • @joshbirk You yourself argue that there were non-SHIELD organizations here: scifi.stackexchange.com/a/54310/1027 So who are they? What did they accomplish? We know the Russians had something going, that's what this question asks about.
    – user1027
    Jul 24, 2014 at 22:36
  • In that I am arguing that it is effectively Hydra and the KGB. Perhaps you are trying to ask if Hydra has a precursor like SHIELD does? It does not, Hydra predates both the USSR and Nazi Germany. Specifically Russia gets more confusing, because WWII intelligence agencies were pretty immature concepts since they are pre Cold War, hence the reason the OSS is often exaggerated or entities like the SSR are fictionalized. Again, it think you are asking if the USSR or the Axis had an SSR equivalent in the end.
    – joshbirk
    Jul 24, 2014 at 22:47

1 Answer 1


Technically, SHIELD is USSR's version of SHIELD

Not to sound too snarky, but SHIELD is intended to be a global international organization - not one tied to a single nation. That is why Fury has to answer to a World Security Council. One could argue that SHIELD's priorities aren't properly global - but the goal isn't to be nation centric. But note that Black Widow is ex-KGB and there are certainly ex-CIA members in the ranks of SHIELD as well.

  • Sorry, why the downvote? It's technically correct.
    – joshbirk
    Jul 24, 2014 at 18:23
  • Because 1, SHIELD didn't exist at the end of WWII, and 2, there's no mention of what the Soviet SSR-equivalent accomplished.
    – user1027
    Jul 24, 2014 at 19:04
  • 2
    Then I would recommend rephrasing your question, as you are asking if USSR had an SSR equivalent - not if it has a SHIELD equivalent. Very different things.
    – joshbirk
    Jul 24, 2014 at 21:24