There is a problem of misunderstanding or confusion with the original question which the other answers do not seem to address directly.
That is that the concepts of constellation glyphs/symbols (of which there are 39 which are distributed around the rotating inner ring of the Stargate, 38 of those represent constellations, and the last one is for the point of origin) are being confused with, or not completely/accurately differentiated from chevrons (trapezoid shape created by cutting off a corner of a triangle) (of which there are 9 which are distributed around the immobile outer/main ring of the Stargate).
Once that distinction is pointed out and understood, the question is moot. But I will nonetheless continue to explain the basic premise of how the Stargate works as depicted by the TV series, since the question is based in that realm, as opposed to the feature film which provides less information and seems to contradict some aspects of what is seen in the TV series.
The 39 symbols are used as references to known locations which are used to chart a destination, and the chevrons are used to select and enter that information to open a wormhole- known as "dialling" an address/the gate.
The top central chevron seems to be used for selecting the desired glyph. When the glyph is in place under it, the chevron moves/clicks down and back up again "encoding" that symbol; which causes the appropriate actual chevron to light up.
It seems as though the last chevron to lock is always the top center chevron. Therefore, presumably, if the 7th symbol is not the point of origin then it will be encoded on the next chevron, and the same for the 8th symbol. At that point, the next symbol must be encoded/locked onto the top central chevron because no more chevrons remain unused on the Stargate.
There is a discrepancy in the TV series involving the point of origin glyphs. Most of the Stargates of other worlds do not actually seem to have a unique point of origin glyph, in fact at least some use one of the constellation glyphs as the point of origin. This seems to be a logistical art department prop issue (only two Stargate props were made, and only one was capable of dialling- having an inner ring that was capable of rotating), basically a way to save a bunch of time & money allowing them to recycle footage of the gate dialling by not having to design a unique glyph and replace it on the Stargate and DHD for each world.
Although, I think it's clear that we are supposed to believe that there is a unique point of origin glyph on each Stargate, and it was hoped that it wouldn't be a major issue that there actually wasn't.
It should be noted that there actually were unique point of origin glyphs created for a few worlds, but that really was rarely relevant to the plot, so it was "glazed over".
So, to recap: the first 6 symbols of a gate address specify the location (or a location vector of an 8 symbol address) and they must be comprised of the 38 constellation glyphs. For an 8 or 9 symbol address, the 7th and 8th symbols must also be one of the 38 constellation glyphs. Except for 9 symbol addresses (if now than one exists), the last symbol much be the point of origin. For a 9-symbol address it seems as though it may be possible for the 9th symbol to be any of the symbols on the gate.
The symbols on the Stargate are "encoded" using the chevrons- in other words: the chevrons are used to select and dial the symbols of an address. The number of symbols used for an address corresponds to the number of chevrons used to dial that address. Since each Stargate has 9 physical chevrons, it is possible to dial addresses using up to 9 symbols.
The pilot of Stargate Universe creates an impossible scenario of a stargate apparently having an additional point of origin symbol, and hence an additional symbol or it only has 37 constellation glyphs. Additionally bizarre and unlikely/impossible is that the extra point of origin symbol is that of Earth, but not the original glyph for Earth designated by the Ancients; the glyph for Earth found on the Stargate supplied by Ra. This is obviously a "detail" not considered by the writers, or one that they choice to ignore, hopefully without fully realizing the magnitude of the implications and how it undermines the very basis of how the Stargate system works.