At least it is not visible in all versions I could lay hands on (German / English).

The map ends in the North with Hithlum and Anfauglith.

I ask because Angband is a core location in The Silmarillion and as a visual human I need to know where the action happens. I felt really betrayed when I frantically searched for Angband, Angband....uh, Anfauglith....what?! Somewhere in the North?!

  1. Are there books with Angband/Thangorodrim available and I simply missed them?

  2. If not, why? Was the location never drawn on the available maps or did a devious editor say, "Uh, the map is too big....let's see snip snip snip"? What happened?

  • 1
    Well, we have very good answers: in-universe, maps with references and mentioning the contradiction. And I have no idea which to choose as best :( Oct 15, 2014 at 19:04

3 Answers 3


Thangorodrim was on all of the draft maps published in History of Middle-earth but was omitted from the map in the published Silmarillion.

The reason for this was a contradiction between the second (and final) JRRT map and the later Silmarillion texts which CT used as a basis for the published work; quoting here from History of Middle-earth vol. 5:

At this time Thangorodrim was conceived to be quite near: the second Map agrees closely with the Ambarkanta map V in this. In post-Lord of the Rings writing it is said that 'the gates of Morgoth were but one hundred and fifty leagues distant from the bridge of Menegroth' (The Silmarillion p. 96); whereas according to the scale of the second Map (see below) the distance was scarcely more than seventy.

Since the second Silmarillion map was also the last (again, HoME 5) this difference in distances was never reconciled. Thangorodrim was on the very north of the second map, but according to the post-LotR texts it would have been well off-map. CT preferred the post-LotR texts and therefore omitted it from the published map, as he notes in History of Middle-earth vol. 11:

The distance given here of 150 leagues (450 miles) from Menegroth to Angband's gate, more than doubling that shown on the second map, seems to imply a great extension of the northern plain. The geography of the far North is discussed in [HoME 5]; but since it is impossible to say how my father came to conceive it I discreetly omitted all indication of the Iron Mountains and Thangorodrim from the map drawn for the published Silmarillion.

  • While the answers are all very good, I think your answer layed out the reason for the omit at best. Oct 17, 2014 at 18:23
  • My only caveat: Judging by Tolkien's other uses of the word, it isn't quite clear how long he thinks a "league" is.
    – Spencer
    May 11, 2023 at 18:20
  • My understanding is that the length of a league varies with the terrain, since it's the distance walked by an (average) adult in an hour. I don't know if Tolkien used the same definition, but it allows a lot of leeway - especially if it varies between races. May 12, 2023 at 9:25

The production history of The Silmarillion is a long and complex one. The truth of the matter is that there was no map of Angband in the original publication. An oversight? Incomplete? It could be a number of factors that kept it out.

There was a later and larger map which included Angband and territories further north.

This map extends from Dor Daidelos in the north to Himlad in the south, and from Lammoth to the Ered Luin.  Prominent in the centre are the triple cones of Thangorodrim, north of which, in the midst of the Ered Engrin, is marked Angband.  Passing south of Thangorodrim, a narrow western extension of Anfuaglith separates it on the south from Dorthonion, and on the west from Ered Wethrin.

"The Second 'Silmarillion' Map" is a map (on four sheets) drawn by J.R.R. Tolkien of Beleriand, dating from the early 1930s. A redrawn version of the map was reproduced by Christopher Tolkien in 1987 as an Appendix to The Lost Road and Other Writings. This map was the basis for the "Map of Beleriand and the Lands to the North" included in The Silmarillion (1977).

The War of the Jewels (1994) provided yet another reproduction of the "Second 'Silmarillion' Map," featuring "subsequent alterations and additions", with commentaries on the changes. Furthermore, Christopher reproduced in the same volume a redrawn version of a photocopy of the North-east section of the same map, kept and annotated by his father.


J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Appendix: III. The Second 'Silmarillion' Map", p. 407 (for the maps, cf. pp. 408-11)

J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Two. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: Of Beleriand its Realms (Chapter 11)", pp. 180-1 (for the maps, cf. pp. 182-5)


As far as I know, neither Angband nor Thangorodrim appear in any print copies of The Silmarillion. I did manage to find a fan-made map of the northern-most region of Beleriand, which shows Angband in relation to Dorthonion and Anfauglith:

Extremely simplified map showing mountain ranges as lines of plain triangles.  Angband is at the top in the middle of the Iron Mts., Ered Wethrin forms the western edge and Lothlann the eastern.  The map extends to Dorthonion in the south and places Anfaugligh in the middle. Idiosyncratically, it places Dorthonion south of the Ered Gorgoroth.

I'm not aware of any out-of-universe reasons for not including it; from an editorial perspective it seems like a strange omission, for exactly the reasons you note.

In-universe, it's because The Silmarillion is meant to be Bilbo Baggins' translation of ancient Elvish history (Particularly ancient Noldorin history). The maps are similarly Bilbo's recreations of ancient Elvish maps. So the reason is basically that the elves never got around to mapping that region.

It's not hard to see why they made that decision. After leaving Aman the Noldor were pretty single-minded in their pursuit of the Silmarils, so exploration of other lands wasn't high on their priority list. This would explain why official maps are most detailed around Elvish settlements.

There may also have been political motivations. Obviously the Noldor weren't on friendly terms with Morgoth, and didn't often venture near his lands. There's not much incentive to put your enemy on a map, especially when everyone knows exactly where to find them. (Just look for the three massive volcanoes that dominate the northern skyline.)

The simplest explanation, though, is the same one that explains why Mordor is so poorly-charted in maps of Middle-earth in the Third Age: nobody knew a whole lot about the Iron Mountains at this time. As far as I know the only beings who went to Angband and lived to tell about it (before the Battle of Unnumbered Tears, at least) were Beren, Lúthien, and Húrin (father of Túrin). Not many opportunities for cartography.

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