This was a SF book where there were 4 factions, each with spaceships in the form of the tarot symbols (swords, cups, wands, pentacles). I believe it was a novel not a short story, but I can't be sure - I read it more than 30 years ago! Thanks.
And from the Wikipedia article:
The themes of Tarot and of various myths of Sphere Sol (in this case that of Perseus and Andromeda) are carried throughout this novel as well -- for example, the interSphere fleet of starships has forms analogous to the Tarot suits of Disks, Cups, Wands and Swords.