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A line in @DVK's question Was Fudge ever punished for his criminal negligence? got me thinking:

[Fudge's actions] seems at best, criminal negligence, and at worst, treason.

This got me thinking: treason is traditionally thought of as a crime against the sovereign, which in Britain's case is the reigning monarch.

There are very few mentions (if any) of the British monarch in the Harry Potter books. Is there any canon which describes how the magical community recognise the monarchy?

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    Note that treason can also be committed by the Head of State against the people; historylearningsite.co.uk/CharlesI_execution.htm. – Valorum Nov 18 '14 at 9:09
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    I'm sure they'd recognise her. She's quite famous. – Valorum Nov 18 '14 at 10:12
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    @Richard - that's your muggle limitation speaking. Magic users don't even know who your Muggle celebrities are. – DVK-on-Ahch-To Nov 18 '14 at 19:36
  • Mr Weasley would. He's bought stamps and used muggle money. – Valorum Nov 18 '14 at 19:37
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There are lots of references in canon to historical monarchs, and the wizards and witches who were an active part of their community:

  • Merlin, King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table are part of magical legend. His entry on a Famous Wizard Card confirms this:

    Most famous wizard of all time. […] Part of the Court of King Arthur. (King Arthur once ruled the land that is now part of England.)

    The cards also make reference to Morgana (or Morgan le Fay) as the Queen of Avalon and half-sister of Arthur.

    As well as Merlin, we also learn from Pottermore that Sir Cadogan was also part of the Round Table, despite being excised from most Muggle versions of the tale.

  • Nearly Headless Nick was part of the royal court of Henry VII. A footnote in Tales of Beedle the Bard refers to him thusly: “Sir Nicholas de Mimsy-Porpington (a wizard at the royal court in his lifetime)”. He died in 1492, and Henry VII reigned from 1485–1509.

  • The Malfoys got their manor at the hand of William I. The Pottermore entry on the Malfoy family describes the first Malfoy to live in Britain as so:

    Having rendered unknown, shady (and almost certainly magical) services to King William I, Malfoy was given a prime piece of land in Wiltshire, seized from local landowners, upon which his descendants have lived for ten consecutive centuries.

    Their Pottermore entry also explains how they liked to rub shoulders with the Muggle aristocracy, and opposed the Statute of Secrecy because they’d lose these privileges, so we can assume William I was not the last monarch they met.

There are other minor references – Queen Maeve, who educated children in magic before Hogwarts was founded – or Hengist of Woodcroft, who allegedly founded Hogsmeade and shares a name with a Saxon king – but nothing substantially different.

So it seems that in the past, it was quite common for powerful wizards (and witches, to a lesser degree) to rub shoulders with the monarchy. This seems to have changed with the Statute of Secrecy, after which I can’t find anything describing royal-magical relations.

The third WOMBAT test proposes this theory for why the Statute of Secrecy originally came about:

Failure of Ministry of Magic Delegation to Muggle King and Queen (William and Mary) begging for protection under Muggle law

If this really was the case, then it means magical services to the Crown would have been swiftly withdrawn. They would still have known about the magical community, but be denied access to or control over it. And I can’t see the Ministry relinquishing that control.

So I think the modern Crown’s relationship with the magical community is probably similar to that of the Prime Minister: they’re kept informed of important events, but don’t have any meaningful influence.

  • The Queen's role in modern British government is purely ceremonial. I'm not sure the Ministry of Magic would bother to contact her. They inform the Prime Minister, who can inform the Queen at their regular meetings (if he chooses to do so, which he probably wouldn't). – Royal Canadian Bandit Nov 18 '14 at 9:43
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    As was explained to Tony Blair, the PM isn't granting the Queen an audience, it's very much the other way around. Also,her role isn't ceremonial, it's constitutional. – Valorum Nov 18 '14 at 10:09
  • I said they had meetings, I never said who was granting an audience. To date, the Queen's constitutional role (assent to legislation, appointing of Prime Minister, etc.) has not actually required her to make any decisions. The things she does as head of state are ceremonial. Also, you know the film The Queen is fictional, right? :-) – Royal Canadian Bandit Nov 18 '14 at 10:51
  • @RoyalCanadianBandit - Her role isn't so much ceremonial as it is proscribed by tradition. Technically she's the supreme dictator as long as she doesn't actually dictate anything to anyone. She's generally considered the most powerful woman in the UK; express.co.uk/news/uk/377122/… and has wielded enormous influence over her governments. – Valorum Nov 18 '14 at 11:17
  • Citation for "enormous influence", please? Anyway, I'm not sure what all of this hair-splitting has to do with Harry Potter. Maybe the wizards think the Queen is super-duper important and keep her fully informed about everything. Seems unlikely to me, but in the absence of canon informations or word of JKR we don't know. – Royal Canadian Bandit Nov 18 '14 at 11:21
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The modern Crown appears to have minimal contact with the wizarding world. As we're told in "The Queen's Handbag" (written by David Wood in consultation with JKR to celebrate the Queen's 80th Birthday), the Queen does maintain her own owleries, complete with magical owls, but only periodically has contact with the wizarding world.

Comedian Harry Hill is cast as "The Keeper of her Majesty's Owls" and explains that in emergencies, the Muggle Prime Minister might use an owl (or a budgie for small emergencies) to Hogwarts to ask for (note, not command) magical assistance.

From a purely legalistic point of view, the wizards may consider themselves to be separate from the Crown but since most of those that we see were born and have maintained permanent residency inside the UK, they would technically be British Citizens whether they want to be or not.

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