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Honorverse spacecraft move around using a reactionless "impeller drive" based on gravity manipulation. This drive can accelerate craft at thousands or even tens of thousands of thousands of gravities in the case of impeller missiles.

Crewed ships also have "inertial compensators" which protect the crew from the acceleration, and these have a limit on how much acceleration they can handle before failing. This limits crewed spacecraft to accelerations in the hundreds of gravities.

When I think about it though, this doesn't make sense. If the impeller drive is creating a gravitational field which causes the ship to fall forward, then there's nothing to protect against as all of the matter in a member of the crew will be falling at the same rate, and at the same rate as the ship.

If the impeller drive is not doing that but is, for instance only accelerating the drive system which then transfers the force to the rest of the ship, and the crew, mechanically, then the drive should destroy the ship just as readily as the crew when enough force to accelerate it at 300g is transmitted through it.

Physics and material engineering aren't my areas of expertise, but it seems like every single component of a missile would have to be made of something like the Scrith of Ringworld that transcends the properties of what we know matter to be rather than just being advanced nanotechnological materials as described in the books.

A force field that can exert balancing forces on the drive system and the rest of the ship to even out the force would resolve this, and so, make sense as an "inertial compensator" but then missiles would need the same compensators, and ships that suffered compensator failures would be destroyed rather than killing their crew while remaining intact.

Has this ever been addressed either in the text or in a pronouncement from David Weber? Am I underestimating the strength that is possible for nanotech materials?

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    You can always say that materials, systems, etc. are designed "technimagically" to resist such accelerations, while the humans cannot be "engineered" to do so. After all, already in modern fighters the weak point is the pilot unability to support the same Gs that the aircraft can. – SJuan76 Nov 19 '14 at 9:26
  • Everything is bolted down real good. – Schwern Nov 19 '14 at 17:52
  • I believe Weber has stated that missiles do have compensators, but they're of a different sort than the ones uses on actual ships and are integrated into the impeller nodes. But my search-fu is coming up short on finding this statement either in the Pearls or on the forum. All I've found is hearsay from another forum member, not Weber himself. – Compro01 Nov 21 '14 at 15:19
  • Related question, but not duplicate. scifi.stackexchange.com/questions/150229/… – LincolnMan Aug 31 '17 at 1:16
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If the impeller drive is not doing that but is, for instance only accelerating the drive system which then transfers the force to the rest of the ship, and the crew, mechanically, then the drive should destroy the ship just as readily as the crew when enough force to accelerate it at 300g is transmitted through it.

That's the case, which is why ships tend to break in half or fly into small pieces in case of a compensator failure. Sometimes they do remain intact, but probably <50% of the time (wild guess based on scenes I remember).

Missiles in the Honorverse, on the other hand, are designed to withstand multi-thousand-G forces uncompensated while remaining intact. The materials involved are ludicrously strong, being engineered down to the molecule like a much-advanced, more controlled version of nanotubes etc.

It would probably be possible to build ships that strong (there's text evidence of LACs being dragged about uncompensated at several hundred G*), but it would incur a weight penalty and be pointless since the crew would end up flat regardless.

No LAC crew could survive the sort of acceleration ships routinely pulled in hyper for the simple reason that their inertial compensator would pack up the instant they tried it. But if they took the entire crew off and removed or secured all loose gear, Valentine suggested, there was no reason the ships themselves couldn't take the acceleration on the end of a tractor beam.

*And RMMS Dorado of course, although the canonicity of that scene is disputable.

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Human work spaces are full of soft objects, including humans, that are not designed for high acceleration. Think about what would happen in a modern wet navy warship if it were to suddenly jump to 500 Gs - all sorts of stuff would break and or move (until it hit a wall, where it would shatter or crumple).

On the other hand, missiles are carefully and specifically designed to withstand high Gs. For starters, they are solid all the way through, with every component fastened tight to prevent it from moving and supported so that it doesn't break. This is made easier by the use of "molycirc" - molecular circuitry - which is a hard, solid block of electronics - the three dimensional equivalent of modern printed circuit boards and chips.

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    I think smithkm's point is that if the drive works by creating a gravitational field then anything falling in that field would be weightless, just like you're weightless when falling in Earth's gravity (until you hit the ground of course :-). So the spaceship and its occupants should feel no G forces. – John Rennie Nov 19 '14 at 9:11
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    It might be a gravity field, however it is outside the ship and so the ship and everything inside of it is accelerated (which is exactly what G forces are). – Donald.McLean Nov 19 '14 at 14:58

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