There was a bearded Hulk, called the Maestro in the mini-series The Incredible Hulk: Future Imperfect #1-2 (Dec 1992 - Jan 1993)
The Maestro largely possesses the same powers as the Hulk, but to a greater degree than most incarnations due to the century's worth of radiation he has absorbed as a result of the nuclear wars that decimated his Earth (the present Hulk speculated that his insanity might also contribute to his greater strength).
It seems that maestro fought Spider-man in two numbers Captain Marvel Vol 3 #29 / The Incredible Hulk #457:
Captain Marvel Vol 3 #29: Captain Marvel and Spider-Man from 2099 travel in time and land in a large castle. (Maestro's castle)
The Incredible Hulk #457: The Maestro starts to battle Captain Marvel and Spider-Man 2099.
Follow the link to learn more about these battles.
It seems that the picture of you post will be the cover of Spider-Man 2099 #9’s February 2015 release.