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We know that "Good Guys" do use Unforgivable curses in Harry Potter (Harry planned to use Cruciatus on Bellatrix, they used Imperio when knocking over Bellatrix's vault at Gringotts, Aurors were permitted to use Unforgivables in First War).

Is there any canon information on whether Dumbledore himself ever used an Unforgivable curse?

(I'm only interested in "reformed" part of his life, after Ariana died of unspecified causes at unknown hands, causing him remorse and turn "to the Light Side").

There are quotes that seem to imply that he was "above" the most foul magic, e.g.:

  • his own exchange with McGonagall at the beginning of Philosopher's Stone:

    'Voldemort had powers I will never have.' - 'Only because you're too – well – noble to use them.')

  • Dobby's statement to Harry in "Chamber of Secrets":

    there are powers Dumbledore doesn’t... powers no decent wizard...

But these quotes don't specifically indicate whether they refer to Unforgivables, or a less mundane things like Horcruxes etc...

  • 6
    You're saying that magic spells are mundane? – KSmarts Jan 16 '15 at 21:23
  • ...And Harry also used Crucio during the Battle of Hogwarts, don't forget. McGonagall uses Imperio shortly after. Not that it's exactly relevant to the question but I wanted to complete what you were saying about Harry and the Unforgivable Curses. – Pryftan Jan 7 '18 at 18:35
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Quite possibly. I don't think we can say definitively. But Dumbledore's character and beliefs can give us a good idea. Let's take the curses one at a time.

The Imperius Curse

I highly doubt that Dumbledore ever performed this. It seems to me to be an anathema to everything he stands for. Dumbledore, after all, was a profound believer in the importance of free will in individuals.

"It is our choices, Harry, that show what we truly are, far more than our abilities."
(Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 18, Dobby's Reward).

This is why he kept so much faith in people like Snape and Hagrid, people that others regarded as irreparable or untrustworthy. Dumbledore's belief in free choice meant that he looked past their former mistakes to see their future potential. Kidnapping someone, taking away their free will and forcing them to obey your every move is completely out of keeping with that philosophy. I think we can form an argument from silence here. If Dumbledore performed the Imperius Curse or approved of its use then I think we would have seen the Order utilising it. I'm not aware of that ever happening so I think we can conclude that Dumbledore didn't permit it.

The Cruciatus Curse

Perhaps Dumbledore used this. I doubt it.

The only hint I can find is in this exchange.

"You do not seek to kill me, Dumbledore?" called Voldemort, his scarlet eyes narrowed over the top of the shield. "Above such brutality, are you?"
"We both know that there are other ways of destroying a man, Tom," Dumbledore said calmly, continuing to walk towards Voldemort as though he had not a fear in the world, as though nothing had happened to interrupt his stroll up the hall. "Merely taking your life would not satisfy me, I admit-"
"There is nothing worse than death, Dumbledore!" snarled Voldemort.
"You are quite wrong," said Dumbledore...
(Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 36, The Only One He Ever Feared).

Perhaps this is an indication that Dumbledore would be prepared to use the Cruciatus Curse as an alternative way of "destroying a man". It certainly isn't a canonised use, though. Indeed, it seems likely from Dumbledore's tone that he's saying that there are ways of destroying someone without using Dark Magic whatsoever. Judging from how Dumbledore treated his other main nemesis (Grindelwald) he would probably imprison Voldemort if given the chance. Prolonged imprisonment with nothing but your own thoughts for company and the opportunity to mull on your past actions is a torture of itself. It seemed to induce some penitence in Grindelwald, anyway.

"They say he showed remorse in later years, alone in his cell at Nurmengard. I hope that it is true. I would like to think he did feel the horror and shame of what he had done."
(Deathly Hallows, Chapter 35, King's Cross).

All in all, I think it's highly unlikely that Dumbledore ever used the Cruciatus Curse. As a legendary Legilimens he could use Legilimency if he wanted to tease a secret out of someone. The passage above is the only one that hints that he'd be prepared to use it but I think we can rule it out.

The Killing Curse

This one is the most open to interpretation. All things considered, I think it's pretty likely that Dumbledore used the Killing Curse. We never see him do it, though. The reason I think it's likely is because of the general climate of the two wizarding wars. Duelling to kill was the norm.

"But if any of you attempt to sabotage our resistance, or take up arms against us within the castle, then, Horace, we duel to kill."
(Deathly Hallows, Chapter 30, The Sacking of Severus Snape).

"Harry, the time for Disarming is past! These people are trying to capture and kill you! At least Stun if you aren't prepared to kill!"
(Deathly Hallows, Chapter 5, Fallen Warrior).

"Crouch fought violence with violence, and authorised the use of Unforgivable Curses against suspects."
(Goblet of Fire, Chapter 27, Padfoot Returns).

So, whilst we don't have a clear-cut example of Dumbledore actually killing someone, it would've been odd if he didn't kill anyone during either of the two wars. As @MermishEssence says, he almost confirms as much to Harry.

"You never killed anyone if you could avoid it!"
"True, true," said Dumbledore...
(Deathly Hallows, Chapter 35, King's Cross).

This would seem to me to be a tacit confirmation from Dumbledore that he did kill, but only when the circumstances demanded it. If he'd never used the killing curse then it would've been reasonable for him to have replied to Harry like this: "True, indeed I never killed at all". War is a dirty business and as the leader of the Order of the Phoenix I think a circumstance where Avada Kedavra was necessary would've presented itself at some point. If he'd never killed then Dumbledore would have said as much. This is as close to proof as we can get. We do have instances of him Disarming or Stunning opponents when he could have killed them. I've already mentioned Grindelwald and his exchange with Voldemort in the Ministry. There's also these examples:

"If you proceed downstairs to the Department of Mysteries, Cornelius," said Dumbledore..."you will find several escaped Death Eaters contained in the Death Chamber, bound by an Anti-Disapparition Jinx and awaiting your decision as to what to do with them.
(Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 36, The Only One He Ever Feared).

"Don't kill me!" [Snape]
"That was not my intent." [Dumbledore]
(Deathly Hallows, Chapter 33, The Prince's Tale).

"He set Dawlish to tail me. It wasn't kind. I have already been forced to jinx Dawlish once. I did so again with the greatest regret."
(Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 17, A Sluggish Memory).

In conclusion, we don't see Dumbledore perform an Unforgivable in canon. He probably never performed the Imperius or Cruciatus Curses. He probably did kill at least once, but only when he had no other alternative.

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    Dumbledore saying that he killed someone doesn't imply that he used Avada Kedavra, there are a lot of other ways to kill (with or without spells). See scifi.stackexchange.com/a/55675/73591 – Cartolin Dec 13 '16 at 15:27
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    True. Balance of probability, though. – The Dark Lord Dec 13 '16 at 16:57
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    That act of killing "at least once" may actually refer to Ariana. That's why he wasn't able to say that he never killed anyone — he didn't know (and feared to learn). – Ruslan Oct 25 '17 at 19:50
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    I seriously doubt Dumbledore would cast Crucio after he saw what happened to his brother - who remember his romantic interest Grindelwald used on Aberforth and the ensuing duel ended up with their sister dead. But Dumbledore does know that Voldemort had already been brought back to life (as it were) so he knows something even if he has no proof as such - he can put the thoughts together. And he knows that killing Voldemort would only hinder the ultimate desired outcome. We don't know who ended up killing Ariana but Dumbledore fears it was himself. We don't know what spell either, though. – Pryftan Jan 7 '18 at 18:38
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    @Pryftan As my answer states, I agree that D would've been unlikely to use Crucio. The Ariana experience may well have been one reason why. I think it certainly helped to shape his sense of morals. – The Dark Lord Jan 7 '18 at 19:27
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There is no direct canon answer for this.

We never actually see Dumbledore use one, but that does not mean he never did use one.

On the other hand, even in the ministry fight with Voldemort at the end of book five, he did not use any unforgivable curse, not even on Voldemort himself, which, in my opinion, strongly suggests he would not use them at all.

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    Dumbledore knows he can't be the one to kill Voldemort, though. – thumbtackthief Jan 20 '15 at 20:52
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    Dumbledore himself comments on how foolish he was when he was younger. If there was ever a time that Dumbledore did use an unforgivable curse, it was when he was young. His fight with Voldemort, I think, is actually be a poor example. Dumbledore is much older by then, and is more knowledgeable, wiser, and talented in magic. He has already settled on his spell-casting worldview , and he wouldn't feel the need to revert to using a "crutch" like an unforgivable curse which would be at odds to Dumbledore's emotions and magical knowledge anyway. – Ellesedil Jun 1 '16 at 19:35
  • True. But that still is no evidence that he ever did use them. – Lars Ebert Jun 2 '16 at 7:19
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He certainly killed before. Harry specifically reminded Dumbledore that he never killed UNLESS he had to. If that was wrong, Dumbledore would have corrected him. So yes, Dumbledore has killed before. He does not need to use the Unforgiveables, though. I am sure he can cause pain, control, and death by other means.

I hated the way Rowling portrayed the Unforgiveables in the book, as if no decent wizard would use them under ANY circumstances. To shore up this rubbish, she pathetically have Molly kill Bellatrix with an "overcharged" stunning spell. And what a cop it was when she made Voldemort's death a result of his own curse that a disarming charm shot back at him. In some ways, Voldemort had a more dignifying death than Sirius and other great characters. I'm a Kingsley and Barty Crouch kinda girl: good yes, but when faced with life-threatening battles and Death-Eaters as deadly as Voldemort, then yes, I'll cruciate and Avada Kedavra the hell out of you.

It's a wonder she made Harry and Minerva eventually use them.

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    The question is looking for a canon based answer. – Lars Ebert Jan 16 '15 at 11:46
  • "If that was wrong, Dumbledore would have corrected him"... I always thought he didn't correct Harry because he didn't know who was responsible of the death of Ariana. – A. Darwin Jun 1 '16 at 16:11
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    Also, as far as I know, there are other ways to kill, without using Avada Kedavra. So Dumbledore confirming that he has killed would not be proof of him using that spell anyways. – Lars Ebert Jun 2 '16 at 7:20
  • It’s called honour. And Pity. And character. And decency. And as for AK you’re forgetting or don’t care about your soul. Your suggestion that Dumbledore would have corrected him is absolutely absurd because it totally misses the point Harry was making and also ignores context. Incidentally nobody knows 100% how they will react in an emergency so your suggestion is what you think you would do but very often that’s not reality. – Pryftan Mar 4 '18 at 23:27
  • But that you suppose you would and they don’t shows the character of everyone. People who understand pity are far more advanced and they understand that there is so much more to so called evil versus good... of course Harry wouldn’t kill. Think about why that is. And Dumbledore was very much trying to keep Grindelwald in check as far as the reasons for doing the things they were planning for their order. – Pryftan Mar 4 '18 at 23:33

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