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It dawned on me that the Russian space suit worn by Sandra bullocks character after she makes it back to the ISS is not rated for any EVA use. It has zero ballistic resistance and doesn't carry its own environmental system. It's called the Sokol space suit. I can see why she don's it, but I can't imagine her being able to survive very long in it because the air is supplied externally. My question is, How long would she be able to stay alive given the extremely limited internal environment? Was the director just using artistic license with this suit and expecting us to buy into his idea?

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Here is are another stack with some details on the suit:

https://space.stackexchange.com/questions/3096/why-is-the-sokol-spacesuit-considered-inadequate-for-eva

closed as off-topic by AncientSwordRage Feb 12 '15 at 20:56

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  • I think your "artistic license" statement covers it, as with many other Q/A's on M&TV expound on the subject, there was a lot of it in Gravity. The drama of the movie was great ... the science ... well, maybe not so accurate. – Pᴀᴜʟsᴛᴇʀ2 Feb 12 '15 at 13:32
  • IMO it was a dramatic and visual masterpiece! @Paulster2 – Destroyer73 Feb 12 '15 at 14:26
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    Don't get me wrong ... I really liked the movie. Visually the movie was absolutely stupendous. I'm sorry I didn't see it on the big screen and in 3D no less (IMAX would have been even better). – Pᴀᴜʟsᴛᴇʀ2 Feb 12 '15 at 16:25
  • @Paulster2: I did see it in 3D, and you missed a treat. I'm sure it will show up in IMAX theaters again. – Joe L. Feb 12 '15 at 20:14
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Bullock's character actually spends very little time fully sealed in the Sokol suit; she generally has the helmet off or open. The longest time she spends sealed in the Sokol suit is while she is clearing the parachute lines holding the first capsule to the ISS. In the image below, it's clear that she's plugged into the capsule's LSU through the tether line:

Gravity 00:50:20

In the "fire extinguisher" scene, where she uses the extinguisher to get from the capsule to the Chinese station, the scene is done as one continuous "take". It takes her approximately 3 minutes to get inside the station, which is tight but technically do-able even just holding her breath. The biggest problem with the scene is that IRL it takes several minutes to pressurize an airlock; she could easily have died of asphyxiation while waiting for it to cycle.

The Sokol suit is designed to be plugged into an external life-support unit. The only artistic license was not to bother showing her plugging and unplugging from the capsule's LSU, which could be confusing to audiences that are used to thinking of all spacesuits as fully self-contained units.

According to this Space Foundation.org article :

Designed in response to the suffocation death in 1971 of three cosmonauts aboard the Soyuz 11 mission to the Soviet Space Station Salyut, the Sokol space suit was first worn by Soviet cosmonauts in 1973. Unlike bulky EMU (spacewalk) suits, the sleek Sokol suit can be worn in the exceptionally tight quarters aboard the Soyuz spacecraft where there is no room for cosmonauts to wear extensive life support equipment.
The suit, which weighs 22 lbs. (10 kg), consists of an inner pressure layer of rubberized polycaprolactam and an outer layer of white nylon canvas. Boots are integrated with the suit, but gloves are removable and attached by blue anodized aluminum wrist couplings. The polycarbonate visor can open on hinges mounted near the ears and seals with an anodized aluminum clavicle flange; the hood folds when the visor is raised. The suit has four pockets and adjustment straps on the arms, legs, chest and abdomen.
The Sokol has a suit pressure gauge on the left wrist and a mirror on an elastic wrist band that helps the wearer see things otherwise outside his/her field of view. During re-entry, an altimeter on a wrist strap may also be worn to measure cabin pressure and alert the wearer when to brace for touchdown. A wristwatch is often worn as well, with an elastic wrist band replacing the strap so it may fit over the bulky suit glove.
Electrical cables are mounted on the right abdomen of the suit; separate hoses for air and oxygen are on the left. An electric blower ventilates the suit with cabin air and, if the cabin pressure drops, the air supply is automatically replaced with oxygen from pressurized bottles. Air and oxygen exhaust through a pressure relief valve at the center of the chest.
The suit is intended to be worn for up to 30 hours in a pressurized environment or two hours in a vacuum; it can also float and has a neck dam that allows the visor to be raised in water without the risk of flooding the suit.

The current version of the Sokol has had the mobility issues improved, and it is possible to manually adjust the relief valve (the blue thingy in the middle of the chest area) to compensate for the "ballooning" effect for short periods (<15 minutes) , although it's not recommended.

  • I know that movie time is always accelerated. But the two most prominent scenes were where she detaches the deployed parachutes on the exterior of the Soyuz craft. The other scene is where she ejects herself out of the Soyuz module and uses a fire extinguisher to move herself to the Chinese space station. Both of these incidents were very strenuous and caused her to exert herself greatly, I can't imagine the air lasting 5 minutes in those two circumstances. – Destroyer73 Feb 12 '15 at 16:48
  • The "fire extinguisher" scene looks like it was filmed as one continuous real-time scene. It takes approximately 3 minutes for her to get from the capsule to inside Chinese station. I'm still looking for a clip of the earlier scene. – Joe L. Feb 12 '15 at 18:54
  • Not that I'm defending Hollywood - far from it. But overall in Gravity they at least made an effort and deserve a little slack just for that. – Joe L. Feb 12 '15 at 18:57
  • @Destroyer73: I've done a little more research and added information to my answer that may interest you. – Joe L. Feb 12 '15 at 19:41
  • Sonuva gun! I completely missed that umbilical @Joe L.! There is so much going on in that scene my mind assumed it was the attachment cable of the parachute. Excellent eye! Thank you. – Destroyer73 Feb 12 '15 at 19:54
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I'd say less artistic license and more bad (creative) consultant. This suit is emergency suit, without it's own life support (as you noticed). The main problem with this spacesuit is that due to internal pressurization and (I think) static charge anybody wearing it will eventually end up in spread eagle position, unable to move substantially any appendage. Survivability would be rather in minutes. 10 maybe? Iron self-control required, though...

It's not for protection against meteorites (or rather: very basic protection) but as reinforcement allowing any basic movement we see all sorts of additions to suits to make them EVA-rated. You really think any breastplate from any material will resist sizable (i.e. 1mm diameter) micrometeorite travelling at 20 kilometres per second? NASA claims "yes", but I'm not so sure (very fine space dust <0.2 mm is theoretically survivable). It is very low probability event, however.

I'd imagine that someone went along this route: "we need a Russian spacesuit". No one asked "in what scene/take?" and there's the effect.

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    I'd say, I think, I'd imagine. This should be a comment, not an answer. Maybe add some references at least? – Daft Feb 12 '15 at 15:00
  • There's no way for me to reference what director was thinking. OP asks about that. I can only guess on this topic. As for survivability in Sokol suit - I can't say if life support setup on this one includes heating. Oxygen reserve is also subjective - I can't hold breath for more than a minute, there are people who can hold for 4 minutes... Want me to reference that? – AcePL Feb 12 '15 at 15:26

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