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The Klingon Empire is comparable in size with the United Federation of Planets. However the UFP consists of hundreds of different species. We don't get to see a lot of the Klingon Empire throughout the entirety of Star Trek. What we do see is many planets with Klingon inhabitants, and very few alien species most of which are enslaved.

During the expansion of the Klingon Empire, did they simply take over planets and use there inhabitants as slave labor or simply commit genocide to claim the planet as part of the empire? We don't often see many free aliens roaming the Klingon Empire. It seems the vast majority of the the empire is Klingon. So that leaves me to assume that either most alien populations have been completely destroyed and/or enslaved.

What is the nature of the Klingon Empire population? Are there many aliens like the Federation and are they mostly free or enslaved?

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    What's your source that it's comparable in size to the UFP? Are you going by a map or by population? – Tango Dec 24 '11 at 0:01
  • @TangoOversway, yes I was just talking about the literal size of annexed space compared to the UFP. – Caimen Dec 27 '11 at 21:57
  • With the exceptions of Worf and Rom, from the perspective of someone whose only view of the Federation is through a view screen all of the bridge crew of each of the Star Trek shows could have been assumed to be from a single race. Even when boarding those ships it would very possible that you'd never see a distinctly non-human crew member. – Xantec Sep 17 '15 at 22:03
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If we were to only look at on-screen examples as canonical references, perhaps one of the earliest episodes involving Klingons gives us a good indication (and it appears has not been contradicted or specifically stated to have changed all that much) -- that would be ST:TOS Errand of Mercy.

The Klingons set out to conquer and incorporate Organia. When Kor beamed down their troops, they started to set up an occupation. Kor told the Organians that their way of life would be changing, they would be serving the Empire -- not that they would all be massacred in a mass genocide. In essence, their culture would be adapted to service the Empire, and resistance was futile (punishable by death if they fought against the Klingon forces). As long as the Organians submitted and complied, they would continue to exist on Organia. Would we then see Organians serving as officers and crew aboard Klingon Defense Force vessels, and interacting with (facing off against) the Federation vessels that the shows invariably followed? Probably not. They would largely be kept on Organia.

If we extend the view to include "soft canon" novels and the canon of the Klingon language, tlhIngan Hol, we see a more detailed view. If a race is conquered (and presumably determined to be either less than honorable or incapable of induction into the warrior caste) then they become jeghpu'wI'. -- "conquered people" ["One(s)" who has/have surrendered"]. They are more than slaves, but less than citizens. They are the lowest rung of the societal ladder, relegated to the most menial and undesirable tasks and functions that Klingons of higher castes feel is beneath them. Generally they are expected to perform their function and ignored. While certain unruly or dishonorable Klingons may bully or even be violent to jeghpu'wI' who fail in their function, jeghpu'wI' are typically not routinely beaten or abused as some Earth cultures of the past have treated enslaved races. (Perhaps owing to the Klingon proverb, pujwI' HIvlu'chugh quvbe'lu', "There is no honor in attacking the weak." [The Klingon Way, p.24])

In the I.K.S. Gorkon novel trilogy, we see examples of a jeghpu'wI' character being "lucky" enough to serve aboard a Klingon Defense Force vessel as cleaning staff in the mess hall. The overwhelming majority of the ship's crew typically completely ignores and disregards the presence of the jeghpu'wI' character. Would this character be seen by a Starfleet officer in a typical interaction with the Klingon vessel? No. They would perform their function in the mess hall, then return to their "servant's quarters" when not on duty. So races that were deemed weak of body and spirit would be subjugated into the role of jeghpu'wI', allowed to live so long as they served the Empire.

Are all conquered races destined to serve in this role, this "lowest of low" caste? Perhaps not. An interesting example is the Children of San-Tarah from the I.K.S. Gorkon novels. The Klingons view this primitive caninoid race as fellow warriors, rivaling the Klingons in fierceness, prowess and honor. Captain Klag determines the Children of San-Tarah are worthy foes, gives his word of honor to them, and battles other Klingons to uphold that word.

In the end, the Children of San-Tarah are incorporated into the Klingon Empire, essentially submitting and agreeing to be incorporated. Chancellor Martok and Captain Klag feel that while the Klingons have much to teach the Children of San-Tarah, the Children of San-Tarah also have much to teach the Klingons in return.

So it would seem that the Children of San-Tarah would have been allowed to join the warrior caste, perhaps even serve aboard a Defense Force vessel as a crew member or even officer; not relegated to simple and menial tasks such as janitorial services. Would they, then, technically be jeghpu'wI'? Perhaps certain individual San-Tarah would be kept in jeghpu'wI' caste while other individual San-Tarah would be allowed to elevate into the farmer or warrior caste.

Another example of non-canon, in the MMORPG computer game Star Trek Online, the Klingon Empire has conquered and incorporated the Gorn Hegemony, Orion and Nausicaan empires, and the Lethians; however, all of these races are allowed to enroll in the Klingon Academy and serve as full crew and officers in the Klingon Defense Force. This may make sense if the Klingon High Council had determined that these races were innately capable of becoming honorable warriors.

Taking all of this into consideration, we can see that while the Klingon Empire would seem largely dominated by and apparently made up almost entirely of full-blooded Klingons, there would be colony worlds on which various alien species were conquered and subjugated to serve the Empire (although Federation and Starfleet vessels may seldom, if ever, encounter them as they would be deep inside Klingon territory).

  • So I guess an even better question might be, "Is there any evidence of a complete genocide committed by the Klingons"? – Caimen Dec 27 '11 at 22:06
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    @Caimen - Yes, the tribbles – Valorum Oct 4 '14 at 15:48
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Memory Alpha lists four other races as "Subject Species." They would be:

  • Arin Sen While a colony was ruled by the Klingons, there is no reason to believe the entire race was under their rule.

  • Kriosian This is the species that included the metamorph that was so fascinated with Picard. They were also involved in a war for their freedom from the Klingons.

  • Tessic's Species The species is not named, Tessic was on Enterprise. The Enterprise crew taught them to fight to win freedom from the Klingons.

  • Xarantine We really don't know much about them and aren't positive they're under the Klingon Empire.

This entire question brings up a very interesting point: There's a wide diversity of species in the UFP, so there is every reason to believe there's a diversity of races throughout the galaxy, but in these other empires (Klingon, Romulan, Cardassian, and others), we usually see only one species and hear little about other species in their territory.

On screen, with the above named empires, we can likely assume the other races were either subjugated and broken and used as slaves or destroyed. Off screen, I dare say it's an oversight that there should be racial diversity in that region of space.

  • Even on Federation worlds like Betazed, Vulcan, and Earth, there's very little racial diversity. You do occasionally see Bolians here and there on Earth, but you very rarely see Andorians or other visually-distinct species outside of the stereotypical "underworld" non-allied worlds like Farius Prime. With the Romulan Star Empire and the Cardassians and Klingons, it's more reasonable since these are very imperialist powers that would likely subjugate other species. So aside from government officials sent from the homeworld, there'd be minimal integration or cross-migration. – Lèse majesté Dec 24 '11 at 14:14
  • But we're not talking about a single planet, we're talking about large regions of space, where there would be many other races - unless, for some reason, the UFP just happens to be in the one spot in this area of the galaxy where there's a lot of different species living. – Tango Dec 24 '11 at 14:38
  • There are multiple subjegated species under each empire, but I would expect the empire to be organized into large contiguous regions of a single species. There will still be internal borders that divide Klingon/Arin Sen/Kriosian worlds. So maybe the border worlds (and trade centers) might have some intermixing of races, but those far away from the border would probably be very homogenous and be unconcerned with the local affairs of other species' worlds. This is similar to how the Roman Empire was structured. – Lèse majesté Dec 24 '11 at 14:51
  • With the Romulans, we know they had numerous species. There was the Romulans, Remans, and a few species shown in books. – Nate Watson Jun 28 '15 at 16:40
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One case of genocide enacted by Klingons is given in the DS9 episode, "Trials and Tribble-ations." Worf relates the wiping out of the tribble species by the Klingon Empire. However, the fact that it was a non-sentient species - not to mention that it was subsequently reintroduced accidentally into the prime universe by the crew of the Defiant during their temporal incursion, makes this example a bit of a stretch case. However, it is no less important to highlight, because it relates to why Klingons would choose to commit genocide.

The reasons for the Klingons to hunt the tribbles to extinction were that they were an actual threat to the survival of the Empire, not only to the infrastructure of the government itself, but also to the Empire's population, as well. Tribbles were notorious for their rapacious appetites and, being "born pregnant," could increase their population size exponentially. Based on their ability to deplete food stores of other species, this meant the Empire's citizens, whether conquered or not, were faced with eventual starvation and extinction, much like the rabbit plague in Australia, but on an interplanetary scale.

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