Anakin had a strong affinity for Force Visions to be sure, evident in mainly in G-canon (with Attack of the Clones showing his mother's death and in Revenge of the Sith showing his wife's). This ability seems fairly rare outside the Skywalker family tree, especially considering how often they get them.
Otherwise, his main focus was in lightsaber combat, lowering the amount of more complex Force powers he's shown using. Though in T-canon (both in Clone Wars and The Clone wars) his telekinesis is noted to be quite powerful, such as in Chapter 18 of Clone Wars where he duels Asajj Ventress on Yavin IV and they are shown throwing entire trees at each other and he uses the Force to block a Force Push without it slowing him down.
His ability to Force Choke is also a good representation of his focus on telekinesis, demonstrated by choking Admiral Kendal Ozzel on the Executor's bridge from his meditation chamber just before the battle of Hoth (G-canon), or during the Battle of Kashyyk, where he choked both and Imperial officer and the Jedi Kento Marek while pointedly looking away from them, itself an act that requires power and experience. (C-canon)
While in the novelization of the Empire Strikes Back, (G-canon), Vader used Force Deflection in Cloud City, in I, Jedi (Legends C-Canon) Luke believes Vader used Tutaminis to absorb Han Solo's blaster bolt and used the absorbed energy to pull Han's blaster away from him.
Other than all of that, Anakin does seem to have a very large amount of raw power across the board due to his unprecedented amount of midi-chlorians (his Force Scream reduced a medical facility and the droid within to scrap in Revenge of the Sith, as noted in Dark Lord: The Rise of Darth Vader) even if his focus on lightsaber combat restricted his knowledge somewhat.