This is another story I read in a science fiction magazine in the mid-to-late 1980s, probably published that decade.
The premise is silly: Aliens arrive at Earth and disapprove of the way humans interact with their environment. They say something like "Everything has life." and depart. From that moment on, every distinct object is alive, and at least most have intelligence and can talk. (This scene is specifically described, as part of a flashback or exposition.)
The narrator describes what a trial it is to try to get through a day with everything you use having an opinion. One thing that stands out is that he mentions the complaints of his shoes. I think that, in the opening scene of the story, the narrator is standing or walking on the sidewalk, having a discussion or argument with one or both of his shoes.
Update: This is definitely not "The One-Shoe Blues" by Ron Wolfe; thanks to Richard for checking that possibility. Based on what I've been able to dig up online, it also doesn't seem to be either "When the Earth Lived" by Henry Kuttner or "I See a Man Sitting on a Chair, and the Chair is Biting His Leg" by Robert Scheckley and Harlan Ellison (though both suggestions are appreciated).