I love those flying disks in the senate of The Galactic Republic. How many disks were there? I googled, but without luck. A link says it 10000, but without citation. Is this ever mentioned in a book or other media?
Per the (canon) Ultimate Star Wars factbook.
GALACTIC SENATE CHAMBER
The Galactic Senate Chamber is the nerve centre of political activity on Coruscant. The huge open area is lined with 1,024 pods arrayed in concentric circles, each pod housing a delegation from an important planet, sector or political body. The pods are outfitted with anti-gravity repulsorlifts, so that when a politician wishes to address the assembled Senate, his or her pod detaches from the wall and floats into the open air in the middle of the chamber. The entire structure is fitted with voice-amplifying microphones and automatic translators, and hovercams constantly flit about to record the proceedings for the official record.
At the centremost point of the Galactic Senate Chamber is the podium of the Supreme Chancellor. This is where the elected leader of the Republic sits to hear arguments from every representative, usually joined in the podium by the Vice Chancellor and a senior administrative aide. The podium retracts into the floor when not in use, giving the chancellor access to a suite of rooms where business can be conducted between Senate sessions.
Note that the number of pods only slightly reflects the number of senators since each pod contains a delegation. Assuming (at a guess) ten senators per sector, there are potentially 10,000+ senators in total and possibly many more.
We don't know. Sources are conflicted as to how many there were.
The best source I can find for a canon answer is the Databank article on the Galactic Senate, which simply says that there were "hundreds of politicians". By visual inspection, there do appear to be hundreds (perhaps thousands) of repulsorpods (I count about 20 in the part of the lowest row that is visible):
Moving to a pseudo-canon source, the Episode III novelization mentions the Delegation of 2,000, which was a group of senators who opposed Palpatine (the Delegation was also shown in a deleted scene from Episode III). Since the Jedi allege Palpatine has control of the Senate, these 2,000 senators are likely in the minority -- meaning there are possibly 10,000 senators in total. Presumably, each of these senators had their own repulsorpod.
Some sources, including Wookieepedia and Wikipedia, claim that there were exactly 1,024 repulsorpods. Neither source points to a source with that number -- Wikipedia links to the Databank article mentioned above, but that Databank article does not include the exact number. The number is probably based on the number of sectors that made up the Republic at the time of the Ruusan Reformation (Legends). The Ruusan Reformation Wookieepedia article in turn appears to get its number of 1,024 sectors from the Legends "Sector" article, which cites the Legends Star Wars: Attack of the Clones Incredible Cross-Sections reference book.
So, governments are complex, and I was bored, so I just decided to go ahead and count the things.
See below the most zoomed-out scene I could find (0:21 in this Youtube video), and my calculations:
So with 24 rows of 36 disks each, that's a minimum of 864 'flying disks' in the Senate chamber, with 36 more for every row not shown in the image. From 2:41 in this Youtube video where you can see the roof, it looks like 24 is pretty spot-on, or at least within one or two rows.
How these numbers correlate to the actual number of planets/sectors/Senators represented I do not dare to guess.
At the height of its power, the Old Republic governed a million worlds, yet millions of systems remained unclaimed, unmapped and unknown.
source: Thrawn Trilogy Sourcebook, page 107
Within the cavernous Senate rotunda, hundreds of politicians[...]
Under the New Order, the Galactic Empire continues to grow and expand, and new sectors and regions are being formed all the time.
source: Star Wars D6: Imperial Sourcebook
I am not entirely sure of how senators are elected to the Senate, if it's called the Galactic Senate then there possibly may be a Galactic House, but as there has been no mention of the Galactic Republic being a bicameral government I will skip that (Although remember that Jar Jar Binks is a REPRESENTATIVE for Naboo, and not a Senator, so there may as well be a House as well as the Senate). The number that is often floated by Wookieepedia is 1,024 sectors and a similar number of repulsorpods if each senator has their own pod. However, in reality, that number is far too low. What you have to remember is that the Star Wars Galaxy is HUGE, with millions of planets in the Republic.
A sector isn't simply a few planets, it is many systems, each with at least 1 or 2 planets in them. For exampe, the Elrood sector had all these systems: Alluuvian system, Almaran system, Berea system, Bodrin system, Coyn system, Dega system, Derilyn system, Elrood system, Gelgelar system, Halbara system, Kidron system, Korad system, Kuras system, Lanthrym system, Meris system, Nelfrus system, Osirrag system, Pinett system, Tifnyl system, Torina system, Worxer system, that's 21 systems. And the Elrood sector is by no means even a large sector, it's actually on the small side. The Correlian sector had 30 systems for example, and in the Correlian system, there are 5 habitable worlds. From my perspective, the average number of systems per sector is a lot more than you think. A sector probably contains anywhere from 50 to 80 planets or about 15 to 45 systems.
There is more than likely somewhere around 100,000 sectors because we know under the Empire that there was a dramatic decrease in sectors, and by the dissolution of the Imperial Senate, the average sector had about 1000 planets in it. This would mean about 10,000 sectors and senators (assuming each sector had only one senator) in the imperial senate and likely over 100,000 in the galactic senate. I'd say about 120,000 seats in total in the senate of the Galactic Republic, considering the Galaxy has over a billion planets, and at least 1% (10 million) are habitable.