Ever asked a nine year old what chess is? Or an aphrodisiac? The results will most likely be similar.
They'll know the ancient game (even if just by name), but they might not know the aphrodisiac.
While there are definitely some inconsistencies in Data's knowledge, this doesn't sound too odd.
Don't forget that knowing or having heard about something is one thing, bring able to associate it is something different.
So far Data will most likely have worked with male people. I'd imagine it being unlikely to see them talking about perfumes on a regular basis.
On the other hand it's a lot more likely to play or at least talk about various games.
While the Federation abandoned the concept or need of money, they clearly play games such as blackjack or roulette.