There are a lot of technologies which we would consider to be 'iconic' to the Star Trek franchise, such as the Warp Drive and transporters. When I consider these though, they are merely mechanisms were proposed to provide a technological basis of older ideas. Consider warp drive - it's really just a particular mechanism by which faster-than-light travel is accomplished. Yet, the concept of faster-than-light travel has existed long before Star Trek. Same with the transporter - it's just a mechanism by which teleportation, a fairly old idea, is accomplished.
So, what I'm looking for is what technologies in the Star Trek franchise are not merely new mechanisms for old ideas but are new ideas? Note, I'm basically looking for what technological concepts are introduced for the first time in the Star Trek franchise at some point (e.g. if nowhere before had the idea of a 'replicator' i.e. a machine which can produce just about anything, was an idea first introduced in Star Trek, then that would count). This is not seeking individual's opinions. Rather, I am looking for new technological concepts (not mechanisms) that were first introduced in the Star Trek franchise, specifically the TV series' and the films (i.e. TOS, TAS, TNG, DS9, VOY, ENT and all the motion pictures (yes - including the 2009 reboot))