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These were the soldiers that abandoned Isildur in this war against Sauron. But it seemed in the movies during the battle of Pelennor Fields and the attack on the corsairs they could not be killed. Even when legolas attempted to shoot the leader with an arrow it went right through him. However Aragorn grabbed him a minute later by the neck. So did the orcs even stand a chance at Minas Tirith?

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    Note that in the books, they might be invincible but they are also ethereal. If I remember correctly, it is implied the only harm they can do is psychological (which is no small feat). Unfortunately, they got an unneeded "special powers" upgrade in the movie. – Andres F. Jan 24 '12 at 17:58
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    You should specify whether you're asking someone to simply describe what was obvious in the movie or actually elaborate with further knowledge from the books. The answer you accepted simply states what was depicted in the movie. The other answer elaborates with further reading, and the comment above this one summarizes both. – Joe C Feb 25 '12 at 19:21
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    Most folks who criticized the movie that I know of, did so about these invincible ghost men. The existence of these folks means that once summoned they could have solved all problems of Middle-earth. I.e. Why didn't Aragorn just bring them directly to Mordor? Or have them escort Frodo there. – Joe C Feb 25 '12 at 19:28
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Yes, the Dead Men were invincible. Only the one heir wielding the sword of Isildur, reforged by the elves, could command, touch and harm the Undead.

And no, the orcs didn't stand a chance.

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    Please edit your answer so it first answers the title question, and then answers any subsequent questions in the question body. – Jack B Nimble Jan 24 '12 at 18:26
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    You simply describe what was depicted in the movie in a very obvious fashion. This answer does not role model research. In the future, at least specify that you mean in the movie alone, even though it may contradict the book. In this case your answer does contradict the book. – Joe C Feb 25 '12 at 19:25
  • Actually the Dead Men are not invincible. They would be in great danger against an opponent having power over the spirit world. – user8252 Oct 5 '12 at 19:33
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+100

In the book, the dead men of Dunharrow fought in a different battle with the Corsairs of Umbar. It does not say whether the ghost men could be harmed or neutralized in battle. Gimli comments that he didn't know if their ghostly swords would bite. But he remarks that they didn't need to because of the fear the ghosts struck in their enemies. There are some details about the dead men's ghostly appearance, but it never elaborates on what happens if you touch them or they touch or stab you physically. Do you go right through them or not, is never answered.

Even more interestingly, the Silmarilion says that the mortality of men is a gift from Ilúvatar and that only Ilúvatar himself has the authority to hold dead men in Arda (Middle Earth). It is a theme that is repeated once in a while. So that contradicts the LOTR's narrative that Isildur cursed them to remain there as ghosts until they fulfilled their oath.

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    If Isildur had called upon Iluvatar or the Valar to witness his curse, it could be that Iluvatar did actually enforce the curse and forced the dead to remain in Arda. – dlanod Jan 24 '12 at 22:26
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    I suppose that is the best explanation. Iluvatar does not seem to do that lightly though. He gave Beren a second life and changed some man into an Eldar (Do you know who it was?) But those were the only other times he messed around with mortality of men. – Joe C Feb 25 '12 at 19:16
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    @JoeC Incorrect. He also cursed the Numenoreans who set foot in Valinor during the invasion with Ar-Pharazon when he entombed them under falling hills imprisoned in the Caves of the Forgotten until the Last Battle and Day of Doom. Other instances were Beren, Elrond and Tuor (possibly). – WOPR Mar 27 '12 at 3:51
  • @Joe C - The man who maybe became an Eldar was Tuor, son of Huor. He was the husband of Idril Celebrindal, father of Ëarendil and grand-father of Elrond and Elros. But that is only a saying among the elves, nobody knows for sure. – Joel May 12 '15 at 15:40
  • The fear thing is a big deal. I don't remember there necessarily being any physical combat between orcs and the dead in the books. And Tolkien's whole portrayal of the forces of Mordor are that they are compelled by and rule by fear. And that this was using their own weapons against them. – xdhmoore Jan 2 '16 at 1:06
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To expand on the answers already given, and to add clarity:

The answer actually depends heavily on which definition of "invincible" is used. For example, it might be interpreted to mean that they cannot die or be killed. Alternatively, it might mean that they cannot be defeated in battle or, an even more extreme variation of this, it might mean that they cannot fail to achieve victory. And even with the variations in these definitions, there is more room for interpretation, such as what constitutes "Victory" or "defeat" or even "death" to them.

For the "Can they die / be killed?" definition, the answer is (mostly) straightforward: When they originally took their oath, YES, after they had already died, NO (unless you consider being released from their oath so that they could rest and find peace to be a form of second "death", in which case they can only "die" again when released by Isildur's heir or by completing their oath).

The other definitions there is no easy and straightforward answer. Can they be defeated, are they incapable of failing to achieve victory? If they simply choose not to fight, does that constitute a defeat? If so then they were defeated originally, causing their curse, and remained defeated until they changed their choice and chose to fight. Is there an enemy in the Tolkien legendarium that they would have been capable of withstanding them or forcing them in to submission? I think there are certainly beings in that universe that would not have been defeated by them, yes, so I also believe that there would have been situations where they would not have been able to achieve victory, but I don't think there is any force that could have forced them to any action they were unwilling to take, except Iluvatar himself, as even the greatest of the Valar were not granted knowledge or control over the fates of Men after death, however involved they might be in the fates of the other races (elves go to the halls of Mandos, etc).

Their main (only?) weapon was fear. So they would not be able to defeat an adversary that was not (sufficiently) afraid of them. This would (mostly) include beings that had a clear understanding of what they were, and what they were capable of, though immortal beings would have little to fear from death, so they might be included for that reason, and other undead beings like wights, as they are already in a similar state themselves. This likely limits it to Maiar, such as the Istari, Balrogs, and Sauron, Elves that had direct contact with the Valar, and possibly Ents and Bombadil, (maybe) exceptionally knowledgeable humans and dwarves like Rangers and Stewards of Gondor and knings of the line of Durin.

Essentially, they key to avoiding being defeated by them would be to overcome fear. Fear is overcome by knowledge. But even something like a Ringwraith might fear the undead. It's clear that they experience fear, and that they can be killed, and so death might very well be a source of fear for them. While Sauron certainly knows that he can't be defeated by shades of men, whether or not he could convince these kings of men that the shades pose no threat is another story. They were, after all, men that had succeeded in continuing beyond death without the help of Sauron, and so they might seem to have a power that rivals or even exceeds Saurons, in the eyes of the Ringwraiths. So the Ringwraiths might even know that the shades cannot defeat Sauron, they may not have any such certainty about their own ability to confront or withstand them.

TL;DR In summary, they almost certainly can't be re-killed, not even by someone or something as powerful as Sauron. And while they are probably able to frighten in to submission just about anything that can die, there are likely a few notable exceptions, though which specific individuals or groups would constitute those exceptions is hard to determine definitively.

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The men of Dunharrow swore an oath of allegiance to fight for the King of Gondor in his war on Sauron - the last alliance of men and elves - however on the eve of battle they fled and sealed themselves into the mountains.

After the Battle Isildur cursed them that they would never find rest in life or death until they had fulfilled their pledge to fight for the King and kingdom of Gondor.

Thus only Aragorn the heir to the kingdom of Gondor could hold their allegiance and release these warriors, now ghosts, from their promise and curse, by having them fight for him. So no the orc armies could not kill or harm them and neither could anyone else.

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