From the following quote (the moment when Palpatine learns about Anakin for the first time) from the "Darth Plagueis" novel, it looks highly unlikely that Palpatine had anything to do with it:
"I can forgive them that. The blockade has to be broken. But something else has occurred." Dooku chose his next words carefully. "Qui-Gon returned from Tatooine with a former slave boy. According to the boy's mother, the boy had no father."
"A clone?" Palpatine asked uncertainly.
"Not a clone," Dooku said. "Perhaps conceived by the Force. As Qui-Gon believes."
Palpatine's head snapped back. "You don't sit on the Council. How do you know this?"
"I have my ways."
"Does this have something to do with the prophecy you spoke of?"
"Everything. Qui-Gon believes that the boy-Anakin is his name-stands at the center of a vergence in the Force, and believes further that his finding him was the will of the Force. Blood tests were apparently performed, and the boy's concentration of midi-chlorians is unprecedented."
"Do you believe that he is the prophesied one?"
"The Chosen One," Dooku amended. "No. But Qui-Gon accepts it as fact, and the Council is willing to have him tested."
"What is known about this Anakin?"
"Very little, except for the fact that he was born into slavery nine years ago and was, until recently, along with his mother, the property of Gardulla the Hutt, then a Toydarian junk dealer." Dooku smirked. "Also that he won the Boonta Eve Classic Podrace."
Palpatine had stopped listening.
Nine years old... Conceived by the Force... Is it possible...
His thoughts rewound at frantic speed: to the landing platform on which he and Valorum had welcomed Amidala and her group. Actually not Amidala, but one of her look-alikes. But the sandy-haired boy, this Anakin, swathed in filthy clothing, had been there, along with a Gungan and the two Jedi. Anakin had spent the night in a tiny room in his apartment suite.
And I sensed nothing about him.