I read the book long ago in my native language (romanian) and i have a distinct feeling that it had something about "chaos" in the tile (chaos theory or related) yet it might not be part of the original title as it was a translation.
Key points as i remember them:
the solar system was colonized and ruled by an authoritarian central government
a "rebel" movement of sorts existed that opposed the central government (they were portrayed as terrorists) and had a hidden secret base
the hero was some sort of an agent that ended up investigating the 'rebels" and discovering their location and leadership
there is at some point a discussion between the hero and the "rebel" leader about all absolute power structures being decadent and regressive and about the need of an extremity to oppose the authoritarian center. This was part of a larger balancing act where the extremity eventually becomes the controlling center creating the need for another opposition to be formed and perpetuate the cycle