# Were the flying keys charmed or transfigured?

In the climax of The Philosopher's Stone, we see Harry and the gang pass through some challenges to stop Quirrell retrieving the stone; one of these challenges is chasing down a flying key. Conveniently, Hermione checks off the challenges and their progenitors:

“We’ve had Sprout’s, that was the Devil’s Snare – Flitwick must’ve put charms on the keys – McGonagall transfigured the chessmen to make them alive – that leaves Quirrell’s spell, and Snape’s…”

— Chapter 16, Through the Trapdoor

However, that the keys were charmed (and not transfigured) seems at odds with what we see of Charms and Transfiguration in the series. Charms are shown to change how objects behave, rather than adding to their appearance, as worded on the Harry Potter Wiki:

Charms are distinguished from transfigurations in that a charm adds or changes properties of an object; it focuses on altering what the object does as opposed to what the object is.

On the other hand, Transfiguration is shown to add or transform one object into another, or change an object into a living creature.

Now, if the keys had been bewitched to float around, it would clearly be a charm. However, the keys are given wings, which, for me, blurs the line between a floating charm and a transfiguration (e.g. into a bird kind of thing). So, is there any evidence (apart from Hermione's conjecture) that giving the keys wings is an instance of charms rather than having been transfigured?

## 3 Answers

As you described, a Charm adds properties. If it requires it, the object may change its appearance by growing visible additions, such as arms, legs or indeed wings. For example, in Order of the Phoenix, Harry and Ron are shown bewitching legs onto teacups during a Charms lesson.

“Should we say something?” said Hermione in a worried voice, pressing her cheek against the Charms window [...]

He and Ron both tapped the teacups they were supposed to be charming with their wands. Harry’s spouted four very short legs that would not reach the desk and wriggled pointlessly in midair. Ron’s grew four very thin spindly legs that hoisted the cup off the desk with great difficulty, trembled for a few seconds, then folded, causing the cup to crack into two.

Harry Potter and The Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 30 Grawp

I think you're right that it blurs the line, but a Charm I think it definitely was. Flitwick also asked students to make a pineapple dance across a desk, and that may have required legs. Perhaps the distinction is that the keys and other items aren't turned into recognizable different objects.

• I'm curious why making chess pieces move on their own is transfiguration rather than a charm. Or was the transfiguration just that she made them bigger? Aug 10, 2015 at 17:02
• @childcat15, let's see scifi.stackexchange.com/questions/98941/… :) Aug 10, 2015 at 17:09
• @Etheur I've tried to find time to leaf through the book but haven't managed it. The source for the Wiki spell is the book of The Order of the Phoenix though. Aug 10, 2015 at 18:38
• @ThruGog I've entered an edit with the relevant quote, with a little leading context to show that they were actually in Charms at the time. Aug 10, 2015 at 22:48
• @Etheur Thanks! That really improves it. You deserve the up votes now... Aug 11, 2015 at 6:25

The keys could have had wings before they were charmed. Seeing as Hermione went through the list of teachers and each created a challenge related to their specialty, Flitwick would have charmed the keys and not transfigured them.

Example of a key with wings:

• True, but was this a key made with wings based off the idea in the book/movie or is it an actual key to something that was decorated with wings, yet still useful for unlocking whatever it unlocks? Feb 25, 2022 at 18:00

If we go by Winged Keys

The Winged Keys, also known as Flying Keys, were keys that were presumably enchanted with a Flying Charm by Professor Filius Flitwick to guard the Philosopher's Stone.

Referring Winged Keys

We know from Hagrid which teachers were involved in protecting the stone.

“Well, I don’ s’pose it could hurt ter tell yeh that... let’s see... he borrowed Fluffy from me... then some o’ the teachers did enchantments... Professor Sprout — Professor Flitwick — Professor McGonagall —” he ticked them off on his fingers, “Professor Quirrell — an’ Dumbledore himself did somethin’, o’ course. Hang on, I’ve forgotten someone. Oh yeah, Professor Snape.”

Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, Chapter 14, Norbert the Norwegian Ridgeback

Following enchantments were used to protect the stone.

1. Fluffy, the three headed dog -> Belonged to Hagrid

“How do you know about Fluffy?” he said.

“Fluffy?”

“Yeah — he’s mine — bought him off a Greek chappie I met in the pub las’ year — I lent him to Dumbledore to guard the —”

Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, Chapter 11, Quidditch

1. Devil’s Snare -> Professor Sprout

“Devil’s Snare, Devil’s Snare... what did Professor Sprout say? — it likes the dark and the damp.”

“So light a fire!” Harry choked.

Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, Chapter 16, Through the Trapdoor

1. Chessboard - set up by Minerva McGonagall

Gryffindor cheers nearly raised the bewitched ceiling; the stars overhead seemed to quiver. Percy could be heard telling the other prefects, “My brother, you know! My youngest brother! Got past McGonagall’s giant chess set!”

Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, Chapter 17, The Man With Two Faces

1. Potions - Snape

Deals with potion, safe to assume it was Snape's idea.

1. Troll - Quirrell

A disgusting smell filled their nostrils, making both of them pull their robes up over their noses. Eyes watering, they saw, flat on the floor in front of them, a troll even larger than the one they had tackled, out cold with a bloody lump on its head.

“I’m glad we didn’t have to fight that one,” Harry whispered as they stepped carefully over one of its massive legs. “Come on, I can’t breathe.”

Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, Chapter 16, Through the Trapdoor 6. Mirror of Erised - Dumbledore

“This mirror is the key to finding the Stone,” Quirrell murmured, tapping his way around the frame. “Trust Dumbledore to come up with something like this... but he’s in London... I’ll be far away by the time he gets back...”

Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, Chapter 17, The Man With Two Faces

1. Winged keys

From the list mentioned by Hagrid, only one teachers is missing Professor Flitwick. So it makes sense for him to have created the winged keys.

• You forgot Quirrell's troll in your list of defenses Aug 10, 2015 at 17:00
• You say "mostly" Snape. Granted it's been a while since I've read the book, but what stops you from stating the potions are entirely Snape's work? Aug 10, 2015 at 17:03
• Although this is a great line of logic to show that Flitwick was responsible for the keys, it doesn't address my question directly (were the keys charmed or transfigured). I mean, just because he's the Charms professor doesn't mean he wouldn't choose to use a transfiguration if it was more useful in a given case. Aug 10, 2015 at 18:10
• @MacCooper I wrote "mostly" Snape because I could not find any comments saying snape put it in there. But it has to be Snape. Aug 11, 2015 at 0:06
• @childcat15 I missed the troll, will update the answer. Aug 11, 2015 at 0:06