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Questions tagged [middle-earth]

Use [middle-earth] when you want to ask a question about something general to Middle-earth, a region in Arda. Do not use it when you want to refer to other parts of Arda, like most of the events of The Silmarillion, use [arda] for it instead. For Questions about Tolkien himself, his style etc but not specific to Middle Earth, use [j-r-r-tolkien] instead. Always use in conjunction with the [tolkiens-legendarium] tag

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What was the basis for Tolkien's Westron?

It is well-documented and often-cited that Tolkien began creating his major artificial languages, Quenya and Sindarin, in order to emulate his aurally favorite languages, Finnish and Welsh. Q and S ...
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Height of Mountain Ranges in Middle Earth

What are the relative heights of mountain ranges in Middle Earth? And how would they compare to our modern world? I tend to imagine that after the First Age, the highest ranges were the White ...
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3answers
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What lies in Mordor besides Mount Doom and Barad-dur?

Mordor is so big on the Middle-earth map, but the only significant structures in there are the Eye of Sauron and Mount Doom. Since Mordor is so heavily guarded, I would think that there would be more ...
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Why isn’t Middle-earth filled with elves? [duplicate]

We know Elves do procreate and have children. We know they do have sex. Immortal beings with normal reproduction would fill Middle-earth if left unchecked (like rabbits). We see Elrond with 3 ...
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1answer
249 views

Was there ever an epidemic of infectious disease in Middle Earth?

Epidemics of infectious disease have been a problem for much of human history in which large portions of a population died. Given that Middle Earth has a level of sanitation similar to that of ...
3
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2answers
654 views

Are the Maiar more powerful than the Istari?

I know the Maiar are essentially the demi-gods of the Tolkien's world, but the Istari are also supernatural beings, right? From reading a different answer to a question I learned that they are ...
42
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1answer
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Are there other dragons in Middle-earth by the time of The Hobbit?

The Hobbit deals with the Dwarves trying to reclaim their mountain homeland from the dragon Smaug. During this time, are there other dragons who are alive in Middle Earth?
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1answer
513 views

Is Alegaesia part of the same world as Lord of the Rings? [duplicate]

I started reading the Inheritance cycle by Christopher Paolini before I started reading J.R.R Tolkien's Lord of the Rings, and I have to say, they seem pretty similar in the books. Of how Eragon uses ...
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2answers
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What material are weapons and armors in the Middle-earth forged from?

Re-watching the series again, this question came to my mind. Dwarves are known for their mining and smithing skills. We know they use a variety of material, such as Mithril to forge armor. Other than ...
9
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2answers
495 views

Does the 2017 edition of The Atlas of Middle-earth contain any new content?

About two months ago a new edition of The Atlas of Middle-earth by Karen Wynn Fonstad was released. This edition changes the title to The Atlas of Tolkien's Middle-earth. This is the second time that ...
9
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3answers
874 views

How old is Middle-earth?

I'm surprised that there isn't a duplicate for this. This question about plate tectonics in Middle-earth got me thinking, that it is probably not old enough to have the lands shaped by geological ...
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2answers
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Plate Tectonics in Middle Earth; an in-universe explanation?

I just read this article about how "Middle Earth makes no geographic sense". The idea presented is that mountain creation is primarily caused by plate tectonics, and that plates generally aren't ...
4
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0answers
89 views

Was there any Religion in Middle Earth? [duplicate]

Did anyone in Middle Earth (besides the Istari and other Ainur) know of or acknowledge the existence of Eru Illuvatar? Are there any temples demonstrating worship for Eru or any text from the books ...
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1answer
212 views

How was the Atlas of Middle-earth measured and scaled?

The answer to this question - From what distance can Sting detect Orcs or Goblins? - uses measurements from Karen Wynn Fonstad's Atlas of Middle-earth. This reminded me of a question I've always had ...
8
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1answer
836 views

Is the scale of Middle-earth in the Return of the King film different from the books?

I have been re-watching them recently and I have been bugged at how small the distances seem. Osgiliath is clearly visible from Minas Tirith. I realize that they are close compared to some of the ...
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1answer
578 views

Is there evidence which supports the existence of gunpowder in Middle-earth?

Gunpowder is often referred to as the source of Gandalf's fireworks. But, it is never clearly stated what Gandalf's fireworks were made up of. The fireworks were by Gandalf: they were not only ...
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2answers
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What types of dragons are there in Middle-Earth and how and why do they differ?

The question is pretty simple and explained by the title.
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3answers
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What is the oldest object in Middle-earth?

After reading a question (or was it elsewhere?) discussing which Rings of Power were made first, it caused me to wonder which item (not just the rings) is the oldest. There are various ancient ...
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2answers
10k views

What was the tallest structure built in Middle-earth?

I started thinking to myself one day (scary, I know) as to which was taller of the two towers, Orthanc or Barad-dûr. And then I wondered if Minas Tirith might be even taller, which then led me to this ...
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2answers
492 views

Are any Middle Earth Mountains not hollowed out?

Most mountains in the Lord of the Rings appear to be hollowed out with tunnels or caverns. You have the dwarf mines under the Lonely Mountain and the Iron Hills. The Goblin Caves under the Misty ...
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1answer
1k views

Where are the Grey Havens?

I was looking at a map of Middle-Earth earlier, when I stumbled across a location labeled 'Grey Havens'. However, as I understand it, the Grey Havens are supposed to be quite far away, on a separate ...
20
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1answer
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What exactly is Middle-earth in Tolkien's Legendarium?

I have recently become interested in Tolkien's work and have started reading The Silmarillion, so I am quite a beginner regarding the whole Tolkien universe. The thing that confuses me is the eastern ...
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3answers
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Are the mountains surrounding Mordor natural?

Seeing a map of Middle-earth (see below), it strikes me that the mountains surrounding Mordor are "perfect" to create a fortress or stronghold. As a mountain range they also look somewhat unnatural, ...
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1answer
457 views

Do the stars move in Middle Earth

In Middle Earth, the sun and the moon have designated maiar that move them across the sky. The morning star is a Silmaril flown around by Eärendil. But I cannot recall any mention of how the stars ...
42
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5answers
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What was Mordor's history before Sauron settled there?

As the title says, I am interested in the old history of the lands of Mordor. I know a fair amount of its history ever since Sauron took up residence there, but very little from before that point. Am ...
6
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1answer
418 views

Does Tolkien ever speak of himself still living in Middle-Earth? [duplicate]

It has been noted in other questions and answers on this site that Tolkien's conception of Middle-Earth has an imaginative relation to Earth history. Some salient sections of Tolkien quotes from ...
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1answer
309 views

Eastern Elven realms in the 2nd age (and beyond?)

Currently re-reading Appendix B of ROTK and my question arises from the following quote (The Second Age) "but before the building of the Barad-dur many of the Sindar passed eastward, and some ...
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4answers
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Was Beleriand Bigger than Second/Third Age Middle-earth?

Before it sank, Beleriand was the land of Elven-kind, then later on home to Men as well. Beleriand was the Northwestern part of Middle-earth in which the Silmarillion takes place for the First Age. ...
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2answers
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Did maps in Middle-Earth have west on the top?

If the people of Middle-Earth made a map of their world or an area of it, did they put west on the top of the map? Or did they have north on the top like the map in the Lord of the Rings looks like? ...
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1answer
572 views

Have Dinosaurs Ever Existed in Arda?

If the LotR universe is supposed to be an alternative history of Earth, then are dinosaurs known to exist in this version of history? How do they fit in?
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2answers
17k views

Is this map of Middle-Earth reliable? [duplicate]

I want to ask if this map of Beleriand (in the northwest of Middle-Earth) is correct. I think it isn't because Beleriand should've been sank, and you can clearly see that there is Beleriand above ...
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2answers
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Is Rohan the same (country) as Arnor?

At the end of the War of the Ring when Aragorn becomes the King of The Reunited Kingdoms (Two Kingdoms). By doing so he reunited the 2 realms (Arnor & Gondor) of Elendil. As the new High King, ...
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1answer
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Newly discovered map of Middle Earth: does it change anything?

I read this article with interest - in short, a working copy of the Middle Earth map was recently discovered and acquired by Oxford's Bodleian Library: This map looks fascinating but does this ...
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1answer
463 views

Were the Eldar watching Middle-earth closely?

Were they watching the saga of the Ring and its outcome with keen interest or were they disinterested and washed their hands of the whole affair? After the way West was bent and effectively closed ...
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3answers
374 views

What is the first use of the term “Middle-earth” in Tolkien's works?

Tolkien was writing stories set in his legendarium before a lot of his concepts and nomenclature was finalized. What was the first of Tolkien's writings to use the term "Middle-earth"?
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4answers
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Why is it called Middle-earth?

The planet is called Arda. So why do they call it "Middle-earth" if there is no planet called Earth to have a middle of?
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1answer
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How are the lands of the Shire governed?

In the Lord of the Rings Frodo moves around into various districts of the Shire; he encounters different law enforcement, leaders and townships. Is there a unifying power in the Shire? Is it split ...
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6answers
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Is there a legal system in Middle-earth?

I was re-watching the Hobbit films last weekend, and noticed in "An Unexpected Journey", there is a scene in Bag End where the Dwarves present Bilbo with a contract, outlining the many potential ...
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2answers
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What was the first story set in or about Middle Earth that J.R.R. Tolkien wrote?

Many books and stories were written by Tolkien and later edited by his son Christopher, but which one was the very first of all of his Middle Earth stories?
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1answer
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Are there different schools of magic in Middle Earth?

Having read these questions, I've some further questions as the title says. From those preceding questions, we can see that magic is innate to Arda, and that all sentient beings can use it given ...
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2answers
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What is the best/most popular pipe-weed in middle earth?

Is it ever stated, or agreed upon by the hobbits, men, dwarves, or elves that there is a "best" or "most popular" pipe Weed? Or, more specifically, do any characters state their personal preference?
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1answer
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Are there many inns in Middle-earth?

The Lord of the Rings is narrated as experienced by the hobbits of the Fellowship. That is why we get a rather detailed description of the Shire. And its inns, of course. There would be the Green ...
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1answer
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Did the Peoples of Middle Earth know of Beleriand in the Third Age?

Did the people of Middle-earth know of the lands of old that sunk west of the Blue Mountains, or was it just not common knowledge? For example: If by chance somebody brought up Beleriand, would ...
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0answers
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Is there a map of Middle Earth during the second age? [duplicate]

Where can I find a map of Middle Earth during the Second Age circa SA 1600 (before the war of the Elves and Sauron)? The following site (http://middle-earth.xenite.org/2013/01/09/do-any-maps-...
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4answers
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What happened next in Middle-earth?

This question is a follow up from this one, so credit goes to @Scholar. I'm interested in what happens after the cameras stopped rolling and everyone got on with their lives. Does the destruction of ...
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6answers
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How did non-native plants find their way to Middle-earth?

I am reading The Return of the King, and when I got to the chapters concerning the Battle of the Pelennor Fields, something struck me. Earlier in the story, Theoden was shocked to see Merry and ...
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4answers
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Were personal relationships in Middle-earth different from our own?

Now that I am almost done reading The Lord of the Rings, I am curious about the apparent lack of interest many characters and races seem to show towards their friends and relatives. In The ...
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1answer
415 views

Why was the Westron tongue accepted as the common tongue in Middle-Earth?

Which race(s) originally spoke the Westron language in Middle-Earth and what are the reasons for it being adopted as the common tongue in Middle-Earth. When was this done?
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1answer
361 views

Did any type of Orcs reside in Rhun or Harad?

We know that Orcs like to reside in mountains, which there is a range of in Rhun. I don't know of any mountains in Harad. But is there any indication that orcs resided in Rhun or Harad or both?
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1answer
256 views

Was Mount Gram another name for Mount Gundabad?

I have read many articles about the location of Mount gram which mostly suggest it was somewhere between Moria and Gundabad, which got we thinking what if Mount Gram is just another name for Gundabad, ...