Questions tagged [middle-earth]

Use [middle-earth] when you want to ask a question about something general to Middle-earth, a region in Arda. Do not use it when you want to refer to other parts of Arda, like most of the events of The Silmarillion, use [arda] for it instead. For Questions about Tolkien himself, his style etc but not specific to Middle Earth, use [j-r-r-tolkien] instead. Always use in conjunction with the [tolkiens-legendarium] tag

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14
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6answers
3k views

How did non-native plants find their way to Middle-earth?

I am reading The Return of the King, and when I got to the chapters concerning the Battle of the Pelennor Fields, something struck me. Earlier in the story, Theoden was shocked to see Merry and ...
17
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4answers
2k views

Were personal relationships in Middle-earth different from our own?

Now that I am almost done reading The Lord of the Rings, I am curious about the apparent lack of interest many characters and races seem to show towards their friends and relatives. In The ...
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1answer
460 views

Why was the Westron tongue accepted as the common tongue in Middle-Earth?

Which race(s) originally spoke the Westron language in Middle-Earth and what are the reasons for it being adopted as the common tongue in Middle-Earth. When was this done?
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1answer
403 views

Did any type of Orcs reside in Rhun or Harad?

We know that Orcs like to reside in mountains, which there is a range of in Rhun. I don't know of any mountains in Harad. But is there any indication that orcs resided in Rhun or Harad or both?
4
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1answer
280 views

Was Mount Gram another name for Mount Gundabad?

I have read many articles about the location of Mount gram which mostly suggest it was somewhere between Moria and Gundabad, which got we thinking what if Mount Gram is just another name for Gundabad, ...
2
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1answer
289 views

Did the Easterlings have fortifications or kingdoms like the west did?

During the fourth age Aragorn and his son were said to have finally subdued the easterlings and allowed them to return to their great empire. So my question is did the Easterlings have kingdoms and ...
11
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2answers
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Why do Elves remain in Middle Earth?

Once there are ships that can take them to the Undying Lands, what is the motivation for the Elves to stay in a war-torn, darkened land full of Men and Orcs and other undesirable creatures? We know ...
53
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2answers
4k views

Unknown feature on Middle-earth's map?

On Christopher Tolkien's map of Middle-earth, one feature has always caught my eye, and to my knowledge has never been explained: The mass in the middle of the Sea of Rhûn: Has this ever been talked ...
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2answers
274 views

Which earth locations most closely resemble locations from the works of Tolkien? [closed]

I hope this question survives and is not a dupe so I am happy to improve if required. I know that Jackson and the film crew picked suitable existing locations but which real life places most ...
64
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4answers
9k views

Were there any democracies in Middle-earth?

Most states in Middle-earth seem to be feudalish kingdoms; Gondor, Rohan, Númenor, Dwarves, and Elves were all ruled by hereditary nobles. Was there any state/society that was more of a democracy/...
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2answers
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Geographical error in the Silmarillion?

The following passage makes no sense: for nigh and two years after the Dagor Bragollach the Noldor still defended the western pass about the sources of Sirion, for the power of Ulmo was in that ...
3
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1answer
681 views

In Tolkien's Middle-earth, how far does Wilderland extend?

I was editing my answer to this question, in which I tried to describe the size of Wilderland, and found myself not quite sure what it included. Is Mirkwood part of Wilderland? Does it extend all the ...
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5answers
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Is there evidence of purely artistic works in Middle Earth?

I recently came across this on Twitter: yesterday, student's & i realized there is no fiction in middle-earth. prbly no art. every story = story of something that actually happened— ...
4
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1answer
560 views

How far south did Black Numenoreans reside?

I recently read that Umbar was the most northerly haven where Black Numenoreans resided. Does that mean that most of them during the Third Age probably lived in Far Harad? I know their numbers ...
64
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10answers
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How well does Shadow of Mordor fit into Middle-earth canon?

The 2014 video game Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor takes place between the events of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. In it, an undead Gondorian Ranger named Talion is bound to Celebrimbor's ...
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1answer
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Do regular folk in Middle Earth know about its creation?

If we were to ask Rosie Cotton: "What do you think, how was Eä created?", what would she answer? To my knowledge every culture has a story on how the world began. Most of them are probably wrong, but ...
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5answers
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Is Middle Earth supposed to be a pre-historic England?

I understand that Arda is supposed to be set somewhere in a sort of vaguely ancient Earth, but does that mean that Middle Earth is supposed to take place in the area that eventually becomes modern-day ...
2
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0answers
1k views

Why was Saruman sent to Middle Earth? [duplicate]

Gandalf a Maia (Spirit) was sent to Middle-Earth in human form to help the free peoples fight the evil of Sauron. Is the same reason for the Saruman sent to Middle-Earth ?
19
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1answer
1k views

Where in Middle Earth could mithril be found?

There is a Minecraft mod that adds Middle Earth during the time of Lord of the Rings. The modder usually tries to make it according to the books instead of making things up. Awhile ago they had a ...
4
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2answers
2k views

Area and Population of Middle-Earth

Roughly speaking, what would be the area of Middle-Earth? Would it be similar to that of Europe, or France or Eurasia? And, when speaking of the population, I mean Men and Elves and Hobbits, and all ...
19
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6answers
6k views

Where is the equator in Middle-earth?

In Unfinished Tales, the Essay on the Istari Aragorn claims to have penetrated the `far contries of Rhun and Harad where the stars are strange'. and then links to the appendix, item #10: The ...
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1answer
241 views

Naming of Middle Earth: inspired by Norse mythology? [duplicate]

Was Middle Earth named thus because Tolkien was inspired by Norse mythology? I got this idea after reading this.
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4answers
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Where is Middle-earth and is it flat or curved? [duplicate]

After seeing this article about what Middle-earth would look like from space, and reading one of the first comments, which indicates that there are hints that Middle-earth is flat, I'm left with what ...
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7answers
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What real-life cities have been used as the basis for cities in The Lord of the Rings?

Did Tolkien use any real cities as basis for his stories? If yes, which cities have counterparts in Middle-Earth?
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1answer
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What's outside of Middle-earth? [duplicate]

I wonder who lives outside of Middle-earth and what is their life like? What are the names of the continents? Is there a big good map of Arda?
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2answers
415 views

Compasses on Arda

Would a compass work on Arda? Or rather, beginning in what age would a compass work on Arda? ... and the follow-up question: Why don't Frodo and Sam use a compass in the Emyn Muil?
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2answers
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Is the solar system in the Lord of the Rings based on our real solar system?

There is an interesting article where an astronomer has matched the planets of our solar system to names referenced in the Lord of the Rings novels. It includes a very nice artist's depiction with the ...
10
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2answers
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Sailing West from Middle Earth as a Human

Before the Changing of the World, anyone could get to Valinor by simply sailing west. Even the hostile, invading army of Numenor landed there without much difficulty, it seems. Then Eru stepped in, ...
101
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9answers
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How well-known is the theology of Middle-earth, in Middle-earth?

One thing that is notably absent in Middle-earth is any mention of temples, churches, priests or religious rites. There are passing mentions of Men who would "worship" Sauron, but generally the world ...
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4answers
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If the world was flat, could one see great distances?

During the First age and before, Arda was flat. I'm not certain how flat it was, but wouldn't this imply that one could see great distances, as far as the nearest mountain that was higher than your ...
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3answers
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Was Tolkien's “round-world version” really his definitive view of Arda?

I've heard many times that, in his final years, Tokien rejected the idea of a flat Arda, and embraced a new story in which the world was always round and the Sun and Moon existed from the beginning. ...
6
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2answers
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Is there any mention of the lands east of Mordor?

Sauron seems to have huge armies east of Mordor, the Blue Wizards went there and didn't come back, and early maps of Arda when it was still flat show rough landmarks, but not much, and everything ...
25
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2answers
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Middle-earth maps

I am looking for a list* of maps of Middle Earth which appear only in JRR Tolkien's and CT's books and writings or were authorized by JRRT**. From my reading so far I have: The Hobbit: "Thror's ...
31
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6answers
11k views

Is there an Upper- and a Lower-earth along with Middle-earth?

I have always wondered are there more types of earths besides Middle. Is there an Upper and Lower?
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5answers
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Is it possible that Middle-earth was overpopulated?

This might be a silly question, but I've been thinking on it for a day or two. Can you provide me some help? Since the Elves alone can live for more than 3000 years, is it possible that Middle-earth ...
13
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2answers
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Are there any holidays in Middle Earth, except Yule, Lithe, New Year in Gondor and Durin's Day?

Does any species, in any age, in any of the works by Tolkien have designated days of celebration, except birthdays, besides the holidays mentioned in the article about the Middle Earth Calendar on ...
18
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8answers
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How exactly is Arda supposed to be an ancient Earth?

As most Tolkien fans know, Arda (Tolkien's world) is supposed to be Earth in its past, and all its stories are supposed to have happened long ago on this very same planet. Of course, this is fiction, ...
32
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5answers
6k views

Is Middle-Earth a time, or is it a place?

I was looking at the map of Middle-Earth and it made me wonder. Does Middle-Earth refer to the time frame in which the LOTR stories took place, or does it refer to the area in which the LOTR tales ...
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10answers
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Are any locations in the Lord of the Rings based on real places?

I recall reading somewhere that some of the places in the Shire in the Lord of the Rings were actually based on some real locations around where Tolkien grew up in the West Midlands here in the UK (I ...
72
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4answers
40k views

Is Tolkien's Middle-earth in our Universe?

I started reading The Hobbit to my daughter last night having read most of Tolkien's books in my youth, but haven't read them again for some years. In the first few pages of The Hobbit, Tolkien talks ...
14
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1answer
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Astronomy in Middle-earth

There already are a number of questions which discuss the relationship between "our world" and Middle-earth. I am interested in the astronomy of Middle-earth, which I guess could possibly have ...
12
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2answers
6k views

What is 21st-century Middle Earth like? [closed]

There are some suggestions that the Lord of the Rings is meant to take place in our own distant past, or rather in a fictionalized version of our past. But see this question and its answers, for ...
60
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8answers
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Are there any more races in Middle-earth?

Not counting orcs, balrogs, and the like. Are there any more diplomatic races found in the history of Middle-earth? Any singular or group of historical significance? The ones we're obviously aware of:...

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