I believe the simple answer is using the term "shades" to mean "ghosts".
literary A ghost.
This makes sense in context as they are opening graves and therefore letting the ghosts of the dead back into the world.
Shade is used to refer to ghosts/spirits of the dead elsewhere in the books.
And yet, he knew he could not keep silent....
They're just one year apart.
You can see the calculation of Ned Stark's birth at A Wiki of Ice and Fire:
Eddard Stark is thirty-five years old in 298 AC. [...] In addition, Eddard Stark is known to have been eighteen years old in 281 AC, the Year of the False Spring, giving Eddard the same options as above:
seventeen turning eighteen, placing his ...
She is meaning they let their spirits loose, a shade is:
In literature and poetry, a shade (translating Greek σκιά, Latin umbra) is the spirit or ghost of a dead person, residing in the underworld.
We see this has come up before referring to Lady after her death:
Summer's howls were long and sad, full of grief and longing. Shaggydog's were more savage. ...
Arianne believes it was either
Ser Andrey Dalt
Someone told, she thought. Someone told. Garin, Drey, and Spotted Sylva were friends of her girlhood, as dear to her as her cousin Tyene. She could not believe they would inform on her... but that left only Darkstar, and if he was the betrayer, why had he turned his sword on poor Myrcella? ...
We do not hear much of Lyanna's side of things because... well... she is dead. Most of the information we get about her is from Robert or Ned. Obviously Robert is not a reliable source of information and Ned is haunted by the promise he made to her.
The only insight we have is one of Ned's memories when he is tracking down Robert's bastards...
Theon orders, but it's Reek/Ramsey that actually kills them, as Theon thinks later:
Theon had not heard him approach, nor smelled him either. He could not
think of anyone he wanted to see less. It made him uneasy to see the
man walking around breathing, with what he knew. I should have had
him killed after he did the others, he reflected, but the notion
I am going to take your questions one by one...
Is there anything in the books that says noble titles in the Riverlands can only be inherited by men?
There is nothing that says a woman can't inherit lands/titles. It is just very rare. Almost all houses are going to look to the male line first. Walter Whent did have four sons, but they all perished with ...
Because things didn't play out as smoothly as that. Brandon found out about Lyanna's kidnapping on his way to Riverrun for his wedding to Catelyn. So instead of continuing to Riverrun he, and some companions rode to King's Landing demanding to see Rhaegar. Aerys had them arrested and then summoned their fathers to court for the trial but instead of the trial ...
It was Drogo, Rhaego and Miri Maaz Dur.
“They are mine,” she said fiercely. They had been born from her
faith and her need, given life by the deaths of her husband and unborn
son and the maegi Mirri Maz Duur. Dany had walked into the flames as
they came forth, and they had drunk milk from her swollen breasts. “No
man will take them from me while I live.”...
Melisandre uses rubies to put glamours on people and change their faces:
Rattleshirt sat scratching at the manacle on his wrist with a cracked
yellow fingernail. Brown stubble covered his sunken cheeks and
receding chin, and strands of dirty hair hung across his eyes. "Here
he comes," he said when he saw Jon, "the brave boy who slew Mance
Tattooing the face is the custom only in Volantis. It is mentioned in the books but made more explicit in The World of Ice and Fire.
Many of the Old Blood of Volantis still keep the old gods of Valyria, but their faith is found primarily within the Black Walls. Without, the red god R'hllor is favored by many, especially among the slaves and freedmen of the ...
As a fan of the TV Show, I'd just like to complete @TheLethalCarrot's answer. Seems that not only the TV show coin is different from the description in the books as well as the officially George-R-R-Martin-approved coin, but it also seems that they used at least three different coins in different seasons! Look at the screenshots:
In the melee you win or you die get injuries.
Robert wanted to participate in the melee at tournament he held for naming Ned his new hand. Ned suggested that Robert would win easily because no other combatant would dare strike him lest do harm to the king. So we know injuries are expected during the melee even though blunted weapons are used. At the end of ...
We know a couple things about the state of White Walkers and their army of wights:
The wights are able to stay in some form of stasis for unknown amounts of time. We see this with the recently dead rangers that are brought back into Castle Black and then attack Lord Commander Mormont, and then with long dead wights that attack Bran, Jojen, and Meera when ...
Dothraki would get slaughtered by Westerosi.
I will refer to the Mongols here, as it were Mongols which invaded Europe in 13th century, not Huns (despite what Fakjbf states).
Mongols first time invaded Hungary in 13th century, not 12th century. The only battle fought in Hungary then was Battle of Mohi, in 1241. There, Hungarians were defeated, as were ...
Varys' objective was to support a promising leader and for it he'd be willing risk everything. But Ned Stark proved himself not being that leader.
Ned was a "honorable fool" (as called by Robert) and loser in the Game of Thrones. He got so many people advising him well (Varys, Renly, ... and even Littlefinger and Cersei!), and he didn't listen. He ...
In a roundabout way we know that Ned was not as good a swordsman as his brother Brandon was. From George himself:
[Correspondent] I was wondering if you would comment on Benjen Stark's fighting ability. Is he on a level with Brandon, or is he more like Ned?
[GRRM] Depends on the kind of fight you had in mind.
[GRRM] Brandon was the best of the Starks with ...
The Sack of King's Landing takes place in 283 AC, taken from the Appendix in A Dance with Dragons:
In the 283rd year after Aegon's Conquest, Robert of House Baratheon, Lord of Storm's End, overthrew the Mad King, Aerys II Targaryen, to win the Iron Throne. His claim to the crown derived from his grandmother, a daughter of King Aegon V Targaryen, though ...
Brandon Stark was at Riverrun for his own future wife (Catelyn who later married Eddard) and went as soon as he heard. Eddard and Robert didn't hear about the events until Jon Arryn got the command to bring both their heads to the king. Jon refused and started the rebellion with Robert and Eddard at his side.
The Jogos Nhai, the mounted nomads who live east of the Dothraki.
Each tribe of the Jogos Nhai is led by a jhat (war leader) and a moonsinger (combination of priestess, healer, and judge). The jhat is usually male and rules over external affairs, while the moonsingers are usually women, who rule over internal affairs. If a young male wishes to be a ...
In the books, Ned's only a competent swordsman, maybe somewhat above average since he survived many important battles. His brother Brandon was a really good swordsman, though Ned was rumored to have killed Ser Arthur Dayne by himself. (The show clarifies that this isn't quite how it went down.)
In the show, Brandon's skills were never mentioned and Ned was ...
The defense of the Wall is the duty of the Night's Watch. It is not the duty of the Warden of the North.
Night's Watch can ask for men if needed, which actually happens (in S05E04):
(Sam) Lord Ashford. Lady Caulfield. Lord Smallwood.
(Jon) I've never even heard of these people.
They haven't heard of you, either. But we need men, and they have some.
It is difficult to prove a negative but consensus among fans is that:
No society has ever been mentioned that use printing presses, or even wood block printing.
As shown in the other answer the copying of books is mentioned a few times and it always involves some group (typically Maesters) doing it by hand.
One other mention is when Stannis is sending out ...
There is not even a debate. Dothraki would be only arrow fodder, and when they meet the knights in battle, armour makes a huge difference.
the Dothraki doesnt know the land of Westeros, their outriders would get slaughtered (look what the Blackfish done to Lannister outriders who knew all the land).
Dothraki can't ride day and night they need to make camp ...