Artificial intelligence(AI) is the ability of constructed devices to think and/or feel for themselves. In science fiction, stories focus on the perils or helpfulness of artificial intelligence. This tag is for questions about AI in science fiction works only. For general questions about developing AI, please visit

Artificial Intelligence is the ability of constructed devices to think and/or feel for themselves. Most often, this involves a computer or machine that has gained the ability to think or feel for itself, as opposed to only being able to carry out the programming of its creator(s). Common AI stories can include AI

  • turning against their creator and harming or destroying them (sometimes inadvertently)
  • judging their creator to be inadequate in some way
  • wanting to become more like their creator (most notably, wanting to have emotions or be seen the same as their creator)
  • developing the same flaws as their creator(s)
  • assuming the identity of another being to take their place (a robot double)
  • a creator viewing themselves as masters of creation (i.e. a "god complex")
  • exploring otherwise thorny social issues with an AI foil (i.e. can an AI be considered a slave?)

Early examples include The Golem of Prague and Frankenstein, both of which featured the "monster" or artificial intelligence turning on its creators. However both of these are distinct from the modern definition of artificial intelligence due to the use of magic or organic parts.

The first reference to a self-aware mechanical man is believed to be Tik-Tok, from Ozma of Oz in 1907 (Note: although the Tin Woodman appears in an earlier novel, L. Frank Baum emphasized that the Tin Man was a human who was replaced piece by piece with tin parts and was not turned into a machine).

Another classic AI was found in the 1927 film Metropolis, where a robot is used to cause issues, while pretending to be someone else.

Since then artificial intelligences have destroyed us, controlled us, been banned, been put to use, merged with us and been our equals many times a piece.