88

As per this RPG SE question, the first adventure was in a dungeon under a keep, and the name stuck. According to Gary Gygax (in an interview with Dungeon #112), the first dungeon crawl was part of a wargame in which the invading force entered the enemy's castle through a former escape tunnel dug from the fortress's dungeon. The group had so much fun with ...


61

How about Prometheus, a Celestial being who came to Earth and transformed humanity by introducing fire? Stories of Prometheus in written form are known from 2800 years ago, and there must be older undocumented versions. The best known is the trilogy by Aeschylus, of which only "Prometheus Bound" survives (date uncertain bur prior to 430 BCE).


52

In Shakespeare's Macbeth (1606), Lady Macbeth calls on evil spirits to "unsex" her, giving her the supernaturally-charged determination to go through with the murder of Duncan: Come, you spirits That tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here and fill me from the crown to the toe topful Of direst cruelty. Make thick my blood Stop up th'accents and ...


50

Beating both of your televised examples and possibly the TWD comics would be Shaun of the Dead (2004). The disguise used is as simple as a slack jawed expression, a shambling walk, and a selection of moans. There may be earlier examples to be found but given the lead time on movies I believe this would have had to have been written before the comics were ...


48

Cinematic villainy and destruction were not new to audiences in 1977. Obviously, the destruction of a whole planet is unusual, and done in such a casual manner highlights the pure evil of the Empire and Grand Moff. On the other hand, the audience has no real attachment to Alderaan. Consider movies like the 1953 War of the Worlds, where we see the merciless ...


48

I believe that would go to both Captain America (Steve Rogers) and Bucky Barnes who both premiered in Captain America Comics Issue 1 that was released in March 1941. Click image to enlarge. Interestingly, the next debut of an MCU character in Marvel Comics that I can find I think is actually Jimmy Woo (Ant-Man and the Wasp, WandaVision) who debuted in ...


47

Edison's Conquest of Mars (1898) by Garrett P. Serviss was an unauthorized sequel to H.G. Wells' War of the Worlds. The plot is basically about Earth arming after repelling the Martian invasion, testing their fancy new ray gun (created by the titular Edison) and then embarking on a counter-invasion of Mars. Set after the devastating Martian attack in the ...


43

You could look at films like Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1957, 1978) where the lead characters act emotionless and dazed to blend in with the replacements/aliens. It's not quite the same, yet it's a similar trope?


39

I think a good first upper bound would be 1889: Mark Twain's A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court. It doesn't work in the end, but as noted in the Wikipedia entry Hank, who had an image of that time that had been colored over the years by romantic myths, takes on the task of analyzing the problems and sharing his knowledge from 1300 years in the ...


38

Not the same kind of zombie, but how about The Mummy (1999)?


38

(Note: I wasted too much time getting the quotes, so I'm late, but I'm posting this anyway because it contains the quotes.) 1969: Larry Niven's "Not Long Before the End," The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, April 1969. It was republished in the collection The Magic May Return (1981), which is where I read it. The Warlock hints that he ...


36

The earliest I can find of what I believe is a fictional programming language is in Jurassic Park (1990). We see Dennis Nedry's code and then Ray Arnold digging into it to find the problem. As far as I can tell it doesn't appear to have a name though and neither is it totally consistent. This question about the language goes into a bit more detail on it and ...


36

What about Gateway from 1977? Interspersed throughout the book are excerpts from the main character's sessions with an artificially intelligent psychiatrist program (which he calls Sigfrid von Shrink), although those may be more logs than code. An example showing the mixing of code and logs: 507 .IRRAY.MATURITY.GOTO 26,830 *M80 ...


34

Valentina: Soul in Sapphire (Joseph H. Delaney and Marc Stiegler, Baen Books, 1984) talks about MODULISP. Here are a few lines quoting that: She could write new machine language routines, of course, even though she herself was written in MODULISP, but she didn't know what to write. A few minutes later she was building a MODULISP kernel. Valentina put a ...


30

In terms of characters who are "superintelligent" for science fictional reasons rather than simply being exceptionally intelligent human beings, one early one is the 1879 story "The Ablest Man in the World" by Edward Page Mitchell, featuring a cyborg character who had a kind of clockwork computer, said in the story to be similar (but ...


30

According to New Mana, mana was mentioned briefly in the following fantasy works before Niven; however, the Niven story remains the earliest use I can find of mana as a substance that can be used up. "The Moon Moth", Jack Vance, 1961 Mana here is just a synonym and carries no quantitative magic power: Prestige, face, mana, repute, glory: the ...


29

"The Black Cloud", Fred Hoyle, 1957. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Black_Cloud The hero (or at least the chap who consistently made the right decision) pulled an all-nighter writing an astronomical program for the Cambridge mainframe. A fragment of this is shown in the book, it was largely symbolic (but was not APL, which hadn't yet been ...


28

I was 18 when I saw the original Star Wars movie in the cinema, a few days after it was released, with no prior knowledge of the plot. I thought the destruction of Alderaan was pretty intense, but it didn't exactly shock me. As HorusKol & others have mentioned, we had no emotional connection to Alderaan, and the scene of destruction was remote, with no ...


27

The word dungeon derives from the French donjon for a central tower (or keep) in a castle, and the latter word is still used in this sense in English. It is possibly derived from the Latin dominus "lord, master". Dungeon later came to be (mis)used as the name for a cell or oubliette, often situated in the lower floor or basement of a keep. I ...


27

I seem to understand that the need to escape a global disaster is the distinguishing element, not the voluntary alternatives like, say, the urge to visit the future (through prolonged artificial sleep, cryonics or stasis) or the attempt at colonizing a distant planet (through generation ships), that also put humans in a confined space and would very likely ...


26

How about The Poison Belt by Arthur Conan Doyle from 1913? In it a scientist predicts the end of the world and so prepares a room to wait it out with his friends. Once the danger has passed, they emerge and explore the world that is left. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Poison_Belt It's free to read online as well: https://gutenberg.org/ebooks/126


25

Good likelihood there's an earlier one, but The Moon is a Harsh Mistress (1966) by Robert A. Heinlein had a major character in the form of Mike -- aka MYCROFT, the central computer of Luna City, which (internally) due to being vastly overbuilt for the city's needs, and possibly nudged a little by Manny Stone, "woke up" and started carrying on ...


24

I'll propose Pakuni from 1974 Land of the Lost series. Since they were primitive apemen - a 300 word language on a technicality has the best chance of being "complete". See http://lotl.popapostle.com/html/pakuni.htm Though obviously Star Trek III's Klingon dictionary and Tolkien's elf languages are more notable in other ways.


24

Hindsight by Jack Williamson from 1940 is the earliest I can recall. The story is mostly about a war fought against space pirates in the asteroids, but it involves a machine that can view and influence the past. At the end, the main character argues that while you can change details, there are (more or less) fixed nodes in time that you can't change. In the ...


22

I could make a case for The Human Torch - premiered in 1939 in Marvel Comics #1 Although the character has been re-purposed from the original android (to Johnny Storm in the Fantastic Four), the original does appear in Captain America: The First Avenger in a Easter egg appearance at the World's Fair Expo


21

I would say the first instance of what looks like a power armor can be found in the second Hawk Carse story, The Affair of the Brains, by Anthony Gilmore (pseudonym of Harry Bates and D.W Hall), published in the March 1932 issue of Astounding Stories. Here, Carse and his allies don three suits as they’re escaping from Dr. Ku Sui’s (the biggest threat to the ...


20

1919: The earliest usage I've come across is in "The Runaway Skyscraper" by Murray Leinster, originally published in Argosy and Railroad Man's Magazine, February 22, 1919, republished in Amazing Stories, June 1926. Arthur was still pursuing his investigation when a sob from Estelle made him stop and look at her. "Oh, what are we going to do?&...


20

Just slightly earlier than Asimov's The End of Eternity (August 1955) is Poul Anderson's "Time Patrol" (May 1955). "You see, it's rather as if the continuum were a mesh of tough rubber bands. It isn't easy to distort it, the tendency is always for it to snap back to its, uh, 'former' shape. One individual insectivore doesn't matter, it's the ...


19

By reading your spoilers I think you should give the novel another read. The "plot end" is totally not the one you wrote and the morale should change the first "can" with "cannot". Keep in mind that a lot of work around the Mythos was made from other authors. For istance, Shub-Niggurrath appears only in one novel, Hastur is only ...


19

The Science Fiction Encyclopedia page for Memory Edit suggests "The Memory Clearing House" (1892) by Israel Zangwill. featuring both removal of one's own memories and "borrowing" of memories recorded from others via a quasi-scientific Invention: "the noemagraph, or thought-writer. The impression is received on a sensitized plate ...


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