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74

What was the last? Unclear; as with many things Doctor Who, it depends on how you define a "pure historical." "Black Orchid", a Fifth Doctor story broadcast in 1982 and set in 1925, was the last story set in Earth's past (relative to broadcast date), that contained no science fiction elements (aside from the Doctor himself, obviously). However, "Black ...


57

Probably the latter. Star Trek seems to like this joke; Chekov claimed many things as "invented in Russia," Spock attributes Sherlock Holmes quotes and Richard Nixon quotes to ancient Vulcans (though the Sherlock thing could be real, I suppose, since Spock is also half human), Quark claims the phrase "discretion is the better part of valor" as a Ferengi ...


49

JK Rowling has specifically said that the Nicholas Flamel in Harry Potter is the real person: Nicholas Flamel is in the book 'the Da Vinci Code', did you get his name from there? No, Nicholas Flamel is a historical character. Flamel lived in France in the fourteenth century and is supposed to have discovered how to make a philosopher's stone. There ...


43

The International Space Station...in the opening credits of Enterprise. Construction started 1998 and completed 2011. Certainly latest 2009 as, per Wikipedia The truss and solar panels are also a large part of the station. (launched in multiple flights between 2000-2009) From Space.com (See Date Link above) This photo of the International Space ...


43

The French Foreign Legion A.K.A. "Légion étrangère" or FFL have some similarities: it is a military branch of french army established in 1831 based on volunteering of foreign people. Similarities: Based on volunteering Patchwork of different cultures: Both have soldiers coming from different cultures Strong team spirit: related to previous point, a ...


38

Because they didn't know about them at the time Hobbits are generally left out of history because they're a fairly secretive people and, for much of their early history, weren't overly concerned with the affairs of other races1; see the Prologue, for example: Hobbits are an unobtrusive but very ancient people, [...] Even in ancient days they were, as a ...


35

The generally accepted timeline is that Philosopher’s Stone is the school year 1991–2, and extrapolate outwards from there. This has been confirmed by multiple canon sources; see other sites and/or answers for details. Given that timeline, here are some mistakes: The days of the week are generally inconsistent. For example, we know that Philosopher’s ...


28

If you're asking whether the Assassins of the series were based on any real historical evidence, then there is a tentative yes. If you're asking if they are faithful to the existing historical representation of such an order, its a resounding no... BUT THAT'S ONLY BECAUSE THAT'S WHAT THE TEMPLARS WANT YOU TO BELIEVE!! ... I Kid, I Kid. But seriously... ...


28

Assuming the nature of science fiction story telling of the period, Theodore Sturgeon's point was that humanity's flirtations with science began occurring with our capacity to write and transfer information. Not only was the transfer important but the ability to build on the knowledge of previous generations. Since all knowledge was based on the word of ...


28

Roman Legions One of George R. R. Martin's main inspirations for the Night's Watch are the Roman Legions who manned Hadrian's Wall, as that is the inspiration for the Wall. Hadrian's Wall, of course, I think was the inspiration for the Wall. I've never been to China so I've never had a chance to see their Great Wall but I have been to Scotland and I have ...


25

In The Matrix, the machines won the war against humans. They have incredibly efficient production and lots of energy. I think this is basically what @KennyPeanuts is saying, but as I understood it, the machines are surviving. With the sun blocked out by the aftermath of the machine-human war (see The Animatrix), the machines actually rely on the humans for ...


25

The Pottermore article on "Minsters of Magic" refers extensively to real life politicians, notably Lord North, King George III, Queen Victoria, Lord Palmerston and Winston Churchill Leonard Spencer-Moon 1939 - 1948 A sound Minister who rose through the ranks from being tea-boy in the Department of Magical Accidents and Catastrophes. Oversaw a great ...


23

A wikipedia article claims that in the audio commentary on Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country, Special Collectors Edition, the director N. Meyer claims the idea for having the Klingons claim Shakespeare as their own was based on Nazi Germany's attempt to claim the Bard as German before World War II.


23

Hobbits originated as a subgroup of men, but no one knows exactly when/how/where the original split occurred. The elves did not tell the ents because either it had not happened yet or those elves were not yet aware of it. See this question for more detail: How were hobbits created?


22

Stargate, the original movie: Only Ra, Egyptian God of the Sun, was in it. The credits to the film also listed Anubis and Horus as temple guards to Ra, but they are not named on screen, do not appear to be the same race as Ra, and were supplanted by Goa'uld in the shows. Everything else: All the System Lords were mythological figures in real life ...


21

This Wikipedia article covers the fiction side well. The undead feature in the c. 7th-century BC Epic of Gilgamesh (see the other answer), creatures such as the draugr in c. 13th century Norse mythology, even the 1818 Frankenstein's monster could be considered a zombie. More recently: One book to expose more recent western culture to the concept of the ...


21

Jules Verne was one of the first. At that point, the term "science fiction" was not even coined (and it was decades before Hugo Gernsback would come up with the term "scientifiction"). I'm not sure if the term "Speculative Fiction" was even in use. But before Verne, there was Edgar Allan Poe (a man from my own home town!). Many consider him the Father of ...


21

There are a couple of hints about it in both TOS and Voyager, and brick bats in Enterprise. In TOS, the timeline has been muddled with by the Enterprise herself twice... once, in the Season 1 episode Tomorrow is Yesterday, and another in Season 2's Assignment: Earth. In both cases, they are interfering with the very 1960's they were filming in, showing it ...


21

The latest people referenced that match our reality were George W. Bush and Tony Blair, shown in the ENT episode Future Tense: This was part of a historical database that included Bush's 2003 State of the Union Address.


20

Ents are likely older than Elves On at least two occasions, Tolkien notes that the Ents are the oldest sentient race in Middle-earth (bold is my emphasis, italic is Tolkien's): That is a long and yet bald resume. Many characters important to the tale are not even mentioned. Even some whole inventions like the remarkable Ents, oldest of living rational ...


19

Films I'm not sure you could strictly describe the creation of a music track as an historical event, but nuKirk playing the 1994 song Sabotage (by the Beastie Boys) on his Nokia phone would have to be a strong contender. You can see the London Eye and 30 St Mary Axe (otherwise known as "the Gherkin") in the distant London ...


18

Whether he will is answerable only by waiting for the next movie. Whether he can is another question (and the one I'll attempt to answer). The events of the J.J. Abrams movie created a new timeline, so many of the events we've seen in the original timeline will no longer occur. But we've also seen plenty of events that were set in motion by things that ...


18

There's ample research put in each game to fit within the game's setting (3rd Crusade, Renaissance-era Florence and Rome, Ottoman-era Istanbul, American Revolution). There are also several tie-ins (novels, comics) which take on other aspects of history, with the Assassins' twist. There are, nevertheless, factual errors within the twists, but these were ...


18

The Iron Islands were a part of the Kingdom of Isles and Rivers. Before the Targeryen invasion, House Hoare ruled over the Iron Islands and the Riverlands. House Hoare was the Royal House of the Iron Islands. Harwyn Hoare conquered the Riverlands and House Hoare controlled the Riverlands until Harwyn's grandson Black Harren was killed during the ...


17

Well, Tony Meyer mentions the wiki article in the comments to the question.. but the Citations actually make better reading than the main article: 1.^ "unobtainium, n. A substance having the exact high test properties required for a piece of hardware or other item of use, but not obtainable either because it theoretically cannot exist or because ...


17

It sounds like you're describing Ray Bradbury's "A Sound of Thunder" The story begins in the future, in which the time machine has been invented but is still very temperamental. A hunter named Eckels pays to go traveling back into the past on a guided safari to kill a Tyrannosaurus rex. As the party waits to depart they talk about the recent ...


17

The Vulcans already had warp drive. Cochrane invented the first drive that is used by humans. This is explained in Star Trek: Enterprise, where they mention that Vulcans have had warp drive for many years before they came across Earth. I will look into a particular episode for more details. According to Memory Alpha, the Vulcan's achieved warp sometime ...


16

There is no canonical answer to this, as it's not a problem of canon; it's a problem of out-of-universe (real-life) issues such as budget, imagination and special effects. For example, according to producers Robert Justman and Herb Solow (Inside Star Trek), the show's budget was "so tiny", they couldn't afford to have costumes made by union costume-makers — ...


15

Industrialization becomes its own justification. As any industry grows the bureaucracy and management needed to maintain it grows as well until it seems that the industry drives existence instead of the other way around. Thus: They are managing their means of existence which is "human farming". As they became more and more invested in the matrix as a ...


15

IIRC, in the movie they mention he went to MIT (in the magazine/newspaper montage?) but nothing beyond that Is his degree related directly to his inventions? I don't think so. In the movie the MIT story had him next to a robot; but they didn't specifically say Robotics engineer or AI engineer. His degree seems to be more "general" In the comics: he was a ...


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