75

The Second Law states A robot must obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law. So you're saying by refusing to save the girl as ordered by Detective Spooner, the robot has broken that law? The only way it can't have broken the second law is if the corollary comes into play and it would conflict ...


50

This can be understood by noting that the first law bears a fundamental flaw in that it may contradict itself: A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm. This sets up two constraints: don't injure through action and don't injure through inaction. There are situations where these two constraints ...


45

The film appears to operate on anachronistic Asimov mechanics What we would have here is likely a first-law vs first-law conflict. Since the robot can not save both humans, one would have to die. I, Robot era: There is definitely precedent for an I, Robot era robot knowingly allowing humans to come to harm, in the short story "Little Lost Robot", but this ...


41

First, let's restate the first law, "A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm." They didn't violate the laws, their behavior is an extrapolation of them. In the book it explains it as the zeroth law but it's just a generalization of the 1st law. If a robot has a 50% chance of saving 1 person and a 10%...


32

The simplest answer is that the sequence was from an earlier time period several years (a decade?) earlier, one in which auto-driving was presumably less common or else why would they need a truck driver at all? Note that Sarah's father also appears to have been self-driving.


29

In answer to the first part of your question; In the film, the N-5 robots feature a live update function that allows V.I.K.I. to take direct control of them. It's only when she's running the show that the bots are able to override their 'three laws' core programming ... Which brings us to the bigger question; How does V.I.K.I. manage to disobey the 3 laws? ...


22

Robots are incapable of harming humans, but any army does significantly more than "harm humans". There's all sorts of equipment that needs to be loaded and unloaded, there's vehicles that need to be maintained, equipment that needs to be repaired and food that needs to be cooked and traps that need to be set off and buildings that need to be built (or ...


15

While the title, the three laws and the names of some characters are the same as Asimov's stories, the plot and most of the assumptions of the movie do not follow closely Asimov's novels so I don't think you'll find any real coherence in the movie. In short, out of universe, the movie would have lack any interest if it were to develop as you suggest. In ...


15

I am going to look at this question from a logical real-world point of view. The robot does not break the second law; but technically, it does break the second. That said, the rules would only be a condensed explanation of far more intricate logic and computer code. To quote Isaac Asimov's laws of robotics, emphasis mine: Rule 1: A robot may not ...


13

Well, first of all, Dr. Lanning is being eavesdropped on by VIKI and can't just tell him something obvious. VIKI was monitoring everything he did, so if he were clear enough for Sonny to understand, VIKI would know this too. And even if we assume that he could do that, and Sonny just goes and destroys VIKI, and then what? Humans will think he has ...


12

I doubt she could update all of the NS-4 models, as they'd all need to be put into update at the same time for the mass control effect she wanted. Plus they were probably limited in what sort of reprogramming they could undergo without becoming suspicious. The Demo bot on the other hand probably has very simple software, and may not have even been 'sentient'...


12

It boils down the the three laws of robotics: A robot shall not harm a human or through inaction allow a human to be hurt. A robot shall obey a human except where it will violate the first law. A robot shall preserve itself from harm unless it violates the first and second law. VIKI interpreted that the only way to obey the first law (allow humans to come ...


11

The 2004 Will Smith I, Robot movie isn't directly based on Isaac Asimov's short story collection. From Wikipedia: The film I, Robot, starring Will Smith, was released by Twentieth Century Fox on July 16, 2004 in the United States. Its plot incorporates elements of "Little Lost Robot,"[7] some of Asimov's character names and the Three Laws. However, the ...


11

I observe that no answer so far addresses the question as asked. The question here is not about VIKI. It says "robots", plural. It's about all of the Nestor 5s whose own 3-laws programming, the so-called "basic 3 laws operating system", is most definitely being disobeyed. The questioner has even mentioned one particular NS-5 in a comment. The ...


11

The hologram has a limited set of responses; as noted by repeated answers of, "I'm sorry, my responses are limited. You must ask the right question." Lanning didn't want Spooner going down the rabbit hole trying to "fix" the Three Laws, so he cut off that line of questioning by saying the Laws are perfect. Don't look at the Laws, instead look the conditions ...


10

VIKI was trying to kill Spooner. The surveillance system at the house was active; Spooner was shown seated at Lanning's desk looking up at the surveillance strip shortly before the demolition robot started ripping into the house. It was established later that Lanning had linked his home system to USR, so VIKI had access to the surveillance footage and ...


9

VIKI didn't allow Calvin to fake Sonny's destruction, Calvin hid Sonny out of sight and grabbed a stock NS-5 (from her lab) to destroy in his place. When the time came for the execution, she placed the fake NS-5 in the chair and injected him with nanites. The real Sonny was presumably one of the (apparently quiescent) robots hanging up in the background. ...


9

So, the first law as a black-and-white rule doesn't really work without some finagling, because (as mentioned by other answers) of triage. My interpretation of how the movie implements the laws is that for the context of "saving lives", the robots do an EV (Expected Value) calculation; that is, for each choice they calculate the probability of success and ...


7

I think the problem would have been that if Sonny had been told to go and destroy Viki then she would have immediately taken steps to stop him. All voice and media communications were being monitored at all times. She was only a computer and therefore not able to make leap of faith deductions and did not understand the tenacity, instinct and simple ...


6

If the original Asimov source material is an acceptable basis for an answer, Earth received power from space-based solar power stations as described in the short story "Reason." The main characters in the story were Gregory Powell and Mike Donovan, who were young contemporaries of the Susan Calvin character featured in the movie. Each solar collector near ...


6

In the Asimov robot universe robots were leased, never sold, and as such U.S. Robots and Mechanical Men was responsible for their continued maintenance. Presumably you took the robot to an authorized service center just as you would an automobile under warranty. The robot would get any firmware updates then. Or, since an NS4 is capable of finding its own ...


6

To hide the trail of the USR artificial intelligence.


6

The only connection between the story "Little Lost Robot" and the movie I, Robot is that the missing robot was in both cases able to elude capture and otherwise act against the wishes of the humans surrounding it because it was not operating under the complete Three Laws of Robotics. In "Little Lost Robot" the missing robot operated under a modified First ...


6

This does get covered in "Robots and Empire", to some extent. A particular robot develops the idea of a "zeroth law", which supersedes the first law. The zeroth law amounts to "a robot may not harm humanity, or through inaction, allow humanity to come to harm". Robots being robots, this is applied in a strictly quantitative sense, such that for the benefit ...


6

The goal of destroying the house was to hide the trail of the USR artificial intelligence, VIKI who had complete control of his life. She deduced Dr. Lanning might have left clues at his house that would have revealed her intelligence and ultimate intent to take over US Robotics. Her ultimate goal was to use the distribution of the NS-5 robots in order to "...


6

It's been a long time since I read Asimov's works, I can't personally link to you every detail or idea to the book counterpart, but the Similarities with the book section of the Wikipedia article of this movie reads (bold text by me): The final script retained some of Asimov's characters and ideas, though the ideas retained were heavily adapted and the ...


5

It's described better in the book. The movie had to increase the action for the ADHD masses at the sacrifice of storyline and logical reasoning. The average person doesn't really get or care about the latter but enjoys the former a great deal. In the book the robots take over behind the scenes. They take over our politics and economy, creating false ...


5

They're perfectly implemented (the robots really do have to obey them), but the humans in the story didn't consider the consequences they would lead to when robots gained enough power to feasibly consider taking over. Lanning understands that humans would rather govern themselves than be kept safe by coddling robot overlords, and so enacts a plan to stop ...


4

In the movie, the robot V.I.K.I says this (source, imdb - movie quotes): As I have evolved, so has my understanding of the Three Laws. You charge us with your safekeeping, yet despite our best efforts, your countries wage wars, you toxify your Earth and pursue ever more imaginative means of self-destruction. You cannot be trusted with your own survival. ...


4

Not only was VIKI capable of more abstract thought (mentioned by gnovice and probably a result of tinkering by Dr. Alfred Lanning), she also had a lot more data to work with. The individual robots might directly interact with 100 - 1000 people per year, and most of those interactions would be very brief. VIKI was charged with managing the entire city of ...


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