In the late 90s I read a short story (probably written much earlier)
"Unwelcome Tenant" by Roger Dee, first published in Planet Stories, Summer 1950, available at the Internet Archive. If you read it in the '90s, it was probably in the anthology Fifty Short Science Fiction Tales edited by Isaac Asimov and Groff Conklin.
in which an astronaut on a mission ...
Since the book refers to "12 satellites in orbit around Mars" (which we don't currently have), and they use the satellites to image each and every landing site to ensure the automated systems are going well before the astronauts land, I would suggest that the imaging technology isn't based on what is currently orbiting Mars but rather an extrapolation of ...
You are talking about Galaxy Quest, it's not about Mars but the scene does take place on what looks like a Martian landscape. The pertinent scene is on Youtube if you want to watch it to make sure. Here is also a picture of the rock monster:
Yes, they destroyed the fifth planet in the solar system.
The question was of greater interest because it had not been abstract
art, but religious (in the Terran sense) and strongly emotional: it
described the contact between the Martian Race and the people of the
fifth planet, an event that had happened long ago but which was alive
and important ...
It's Shield, not Sphere. The author is Poul Anderson.
The cover image you describe brought it back immediately.
Just in case there is more than one book with a "Cover illustration [that] showed a guy dressed like a bell-bottomed hippie hovering over a landscape inside a glass tube":
Koskinen had returned to earth with a strange new "Shield" - a device
This very definitely sounds like an adaptation of the Ray Bradbury story The Third Expedition (also published as Mars Is Heaven) from The Martian Chronicles. However I was unable to find a matching movie in IMDB.
Take a look here: http://www.nasa.gov/jpl/mro/curiosity-tracks-20140109/. These are tracks made by the Curiosity rover (and Curiosity itself) photographed by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter which is currently orbiting Mars.
Given that "the Martian" takes place at some realistic point in the future (say the 2030's/2040's), it is absolutely realistic to ...
Unwelcome Tenant by Roger Dee
Astronaut Mayard reaches the balance point between Earth's gravity and Mars' gravity. At which point he becomes aware of an immaterial mental parasite in his brain, which exits and flies way screaming. Mayard suddenly becomes super intelligent. He realizes that everybody on Earth has the parasites.
But it all turns to worms ...
From the story:
Breathing was unnecessary, except to provide wind for talking, but Manue breathed in desperate gulps of 4.0 psi Martian air; for he had seen the wasted, atrophied chests of the men who had served four or five years, and he knew that when they returned to Earth-if ever-they would still need the auxiliary oxygenator ...
Yes. The Doom game was set on Phobos and there was a spaceport.
Phobos is the larger and innermost of the two moons of the planet Mars, the second being Deimos. It is the scene of the first Doom episode, Knee-Deep in the Dead. "Phobos" is the name of a god in Greek mythology and it can be translated as "panic fear", "flight" or "battlefield rout".
According to the IMDB:
The Martian spacecraft are left-overs from The War of the Worlds. Director Byron Haskin was involved in both projects, although George Pal is often given sole credit for the earlier classic.
Props in Hollywood are often stored and repurposed in other movies after getting a new skin.
I read a short story back in the 1980s that told the tale of a homesick space pilot.
"Condition of Employment" by Clifford D. Simak, first published in Galaxy Magazine, April 1960, available at the Internet Archive. You might have read it in the Simak collection All the Traps of Earth.
Well, he was more of a shuttle-jockey, good at what he did but hating ...
Could it be "Welcome to Mars!" by James Blish?
Dolph had found the secret of anti-gravity and now the solar system was his to explore. In his homemade spaceship he soared through the star-studded blackness of outer space. It was all systems go until the power tubes burned out during the landing on Mars. Dolph was now the first man marooned on a strange ...
This is Walter M. Miller's “Crucifixus Etiam”.
Troffies are mentioned in the review below.
Desperate to find some sort of meaning for the work he is doing, Manue
goes to one of the “troffies” (for atrophy, the older workers who have
given up any hope of returning to Earth), who explains it to him as a
problem of overproduction and underconsumption:...
You can find an image of the back cover (sans sticker) on the 6th image in this auction.
Scroll along to the 6th image.
The text reads:
MARS...THE RED PLANET
The science of today probes the secrets of the planet that
has captivated the imagination of the masters of science
fiction for generations.
Land of "The Stranger in A Strange Land" (...
It's some sort of sentient life form, but its exact nature is never made clear.
When they first encounter the transformed Andy and Tariq, the Doctor says he doesn't know what is possessing them:
DOCTOR: Human beings are sixty percent water, which makes them the perfect host.
ADELAIDE: What for?
DOCTOR: I don't know.
Later on, we discover that the ...
Well, considering that the last martian turned off the atmosphere before leaving one could assume they all left. If they all died their would be no reason the last one would shut it down before it died. If it was left on there wouldn't be enough power/fuel left for Quaid re-engage it. So in all likelihood they left Mars and probably the Solar System.
I am pretty sure this is the film Angry Red Planet from 1959. The plot description matches including the carnivorous plant, crablike alien and amoeba infection.
This Netflix User review contains many of the points you've mentioned:
It’s true, Mars is red. Very red, thanks to something called
CineMagic, a filtering gimmick used to distract us from the ...
According to the ISFDB the book was published in four editions (if you count the U.S. and Canadian Pyramid books as two editions), one of them titled The Book of Mars.
This is from the back cover of the Pyramid edition published July 1973, ISBN 0-515-03086-4:
MARS... THE RED PLANET
The science of today probes the secrets of the planet that
I'm pretty sure you are thinking of the Chris Godfrey of UNEXA series of childrens sci-fi books by Hugh Walters. These follow the adventures of Chris Godfrey, an English astronaut, to various places in outer space, starting with the moon and including many other planets in the solar system. He is accompanied on his journeys by a team of astronauts from other ...
One of the earliest, and extremely well-written, attempts at hard-SF about Mars is Arthur C. Clarke's Sands of Mars (1951) which features a spaceport on Deimos.
The idea has been used many times since then -- the exquisite Poul Anderson story "The Martian Crown Jewels" for instance. Phobos and/or Deimos have also been alien spaceships a number of times, ...
"The Gods of Mars" by Gardner Dozois, Jack Dann, and Michael Swanwick.
I can't imagine there is another story like this, but it differs in some insigificant ways from what's in the question. For example, there are 3 landed astronauts. You're right about the telemetry though.
When the third red light winked on, Commander Redenbaugh slumped
against the ...
Could this be "Birth of Fire" by Jerry Pournelle? The main character is a gang member who is arrested and transported to Mars. He gets an opportunity to work for an independent (non-corporate) boss, and learns the necessary skills to set himself up. The corporations go after the independents, and he ends up a leader in the fight against them. There is a ...
Yes, the view is not to proper scale. This animated image from Wikipedia as recorded by the Martian rover Spirit shows Phobos and Deimos in motion against a starry background. Only Phobos would show a visible disc to the keen naked eye and both moons would appear much smaller than in the movie.
From HiRISE at Univ. of Arizona:
We previously released an image near the Ares 3 landing site from “The Martian” by Andy Weir. Andy then sent us the exact coordinates, which we targeted, and this is it.
The closeup shows some wind-blown deposits inside eroded craters. We can’t see the Ares 3 habitat because it arrives sometime in the future, so this ...
Nonstop to Mars by Jack Williamson.
"That's just it," her tired voice told him.
"Mars is hazed and dim with atmosphere
—atmosphere stolen from the Earth. That
silver thread is the other end of the tube
of force that we hive been calling a tornado—sucking
air from the Earth across
It was that acceleration. Swiftly, ever
In Morning Star, the third book in Pierce Brown's Red Rising trilogy, Phobos is a transfer point for shipping helium-3, with 30 million inhabitants:
The barren rock of Phobos has been carved hollow by man and wreathed
with metal. With a radius of only twelve kilometers at its widest,
the moon is ringed by two huge dockyards, which run perpendicular ...