Medically healthy humans don't die for no good reason
But she wasn't "medically healthy".
She was suffering from - at the very least:
Twin birth. That's a pretty stressful thing to happen to a human body, especially if it was premature, possibly caused by, or at least correllated with ...
Injuries from Anakin force-choking her in a fit of jealous rage. ...
Per the Matthew Stover novelization, the name "Vader" was plucked from the Force itself (emphasis mine):
Darth Sidious laid a pale hand on Anakin's brow. "Then it is done. You are now one with the Order of the Dark Lords of the Sith. From this day forward, the truth of you, my apprentice, now and forevermore, will be Darth ..."
A pause; ...
Why can't Anakin be a Master?
Anakin's appointment was political, not spiritual. Historically the Jedi elected their own leaders by consulting the will of the Force and by mutual consent. Anakin, on the other hand, was appointed directly by Palpatine as his 'envoy' to the Council, and his appointment pushed through by Palpatine's allies in the Senate.
The severing of several limbs at once is referred to in the Star Wars: The Jedi Path - A Manual for Students of the Force as Mou Kei, a variant of Cho mai (the severing of an arm) and Cho mok (the severing of a leg/other limbs)
Note the droll footnote by Obi-Wan.
And on the old Star Wars: Galaxies website
This maneuver is an ...
The (fully canon) factbooks Star Wars in 100 Scenes and Star Wars: Absolutely Everything You Need to Know identify it as a graceful aquatic ballet performed by a Mon Calamari troupe at the swanky Galaxies Opera House.
Anakin meets Palpatine at the Galaxies Opera House, where Mon Calamari
dancers perform a ballet called "Squid Lake"
The name '...
It's not clear if Vader actually needed the lenses on his helmet to see properly. Given that he had to cover his burned flesh anyway, the helmet lenses offered other benefits, such as viewing different light spectrums, a heads-up display, and making him intimidating. Those alone could be enough to justify covering his eyes.
However, it's perfectly plausible ...
This is addressed in the film's official novelisation. Obi-Wan suggests that they be split up as allowing the discovery of both (at the same time) would be an intolerable error on their part.
“We should split them up,” Obi-Wan said. “Even if the Sith find one,
the other may survive. I can take the boy, Master Yoda, and you take
the girl. We can hide them ...
No... but it almost is.
If we are to take some Legends material into account, Order 66 was buried in a set of Contingency Orders for the Grand Army of the Republic that outlined protocol for a series of "what if" scenarios.
Order 66 states:
"In the event of Jedi officers acting against the interests of the Republic, and after receiving ...
Because that's his nickname out in the galaxy.
Obi-Wan's diplomatic skills, specifically his reputation for preventing and
stopping battles without using a single weapon, earn him the
appellation "The Negotiator."
Ultimate Star Wars - New edition
The original script indicates this with a capital N.
GENERAL GRIEVOUS: Oh yes. General Kenobi, the ...
Dooku definitely knew that Palpatine was Sidious.
He stated so to Obi-Wan when interrogating him at Geonosis.
OBI-WAN: The truth?
COUNT DOOKU: The truth. What if I told you that the Republic was now under the control of the Dark Lords of the Sith?
OBI-WAN: No, that's not possible. The Jedi would be aware of it.
COUNT DOOKU: The dark side ...
Who was killed?
The scum Vader killed on Mustafar were not just the Trade Federation - they were the military and economic leaders of the Confederacy of Independent Systems, the separatists. That included the leaders of the Trade Federation, but also members of the Corporate Alliance, the Commerce Guild, the Banking Clan, as well as senators from ...
This is mentioned in the film's official novelisation.
Echoing @Envite's answer, the fact is that C-3PO opened his fool mouth at the wrong time;
“I’m placing these droids in your care,” the Senator said. “Have them
cleaned, polished, and refitted with the best of everything; they will
belong to my new daughter.”
“How lovely!” C-3PO exclaimed. “...
Anakin is desperate and gullible
In universe, Anakin is not very bright, and he trusts Sidious implicitly. He describes Sidious to Obi-Wan as "a mentor and a friend". Sidious has had more than ten years to cultivate a relationship with Anakin.
Anakin is desperate for help because of his prophetic dreams. He does go to the Jedi first, but Yoda is incredibly ...
Obi-Wan was unconscious when Anakin killed Dooku (Obi-Wan had been knocked out earlier in the fight), so he didn't see that Anakin executed Dooku. Obi-Wan praised Anakin for his victory over Dooku without realizing how Anakin had killed him.
The only witness to Dooku's execution was Palpatine, so none of the Jedi knew Anakin had executed Dooku. The Jedi ...
Life force is a proven thing in Star Wars, remember what was said in ANH about all living things, apparently distinct from physical bodies - see the ghosts like Ben Kenobi. Maybe the droid was saying her body was fine but her soul was drifting away. Since they can detect the Force potential with instruments (midichlorian counts), maybe they can detect the ...
In-movie logic: Darth Vader will be looking for twins, not single children, and splitting the pair makes it more likely that one would remain free in case Darth found the other.
What is less logical is that Obi-Wan selected as foster parents couples known to Anakin/Darth rather than some complete strangers. Maybe he decided that Darth would think it unlikely ...
Yes, there is an explanation if you read a few pages on the starwars.wiki. The Grand Army of the Republic(GAR) was the main fighting force at the beginning of the clone wars, it was comprised entirely of Jengo Fett clones made by the kaminoans, which took about ten years to mature.
However, after years of war Palpatine turned to Spaarti cloning cylinders to ...
In the The Clone Wars episode "The Unknown", a clone trooper's control chip malfunctions and prematurely triggers Order 66, leading him to shoot a Jedi. When news reaches Dooku, he realises what's happened and contacts Sidious. From Wookieepedia's episode summary:
... when Trench explains the clone's actions, Dooku becomes alarmed. He then contacts ...
The Revenge of the Sith novelisation covers this, albeit in quite an indirect way. Simply put, both Obi-Wan and Yoda consider Bail Organa's proposal and then decide that this is an opportunity that's been put in front of them by the Force.
“I can …” Bail Organa stopped, flushing slightly. “I’m sorry to
interrupt, Masters; I know little about the Force, ...
This is addressed in the official novelisation. In short, the vote was a done deal and the "2000" were already being systematically rounded up. Bail was in favour of raising a vote against the Empire Act but Padmé argues (successfully) that they should all position themselves as pro-Empire by voting for Palpatine, allowing them to remain in positions of ...
Because Sidious manipulated him
From Revenge of the Sith:
ANAKIN: What have I done?
PALPATINE: You are fulfilling your destiny, Anakin. Become my
apprentice. Learn to use the dark side of the Force.
ANAKIN: I will do whatever you ask.
ANAKIN: Just help me save Padme's life. I can't live without ...
There's a few plot points here to consider
First, the Jedi DID send more to try and save Palpatine. Note that the Tartakovsky cartoons are no longer official canon, but the events they depict are (yes, that's confusing, just roll with it)
By my count there were 4 Jedi (if you count Mace Windu at the very end) and a full ...
According to the (Disney Canon) "Star Wars in 100 Scenes" book, she died from losing the will to live. Apparently that's a thing you can die of in the Star Wars universe. The book also mentions that the medics are largely incompetent so that may have been a contributing factor towards her baffling diagnosis.
LEAVING MUSTAFAR, Obi-Wan takes Padme to the ...
Anakin left Dooku's lightsaber beside his corpse in General Grievous' quarters in the spire aboard the Invisible Hand.
This part of the ship was destroyed during their catastrophic landing (you can see it burning up in the atmosphere) and barring a miracle, the lightsaber was presumably also destroyed at the same time.
According to the film's script, the orders to kill Jedi were given individually, to each clone commander (and for obvious reasons, Chancellor Palpatine never issued that order to whoever Anakin's accompanying Clone commander was):
132 EXT. UTAPAU-TENTH LEVEL-LANDIXG PLATFORM-DAY
DARTH SlDIOUS: Commander Cody, the time has come. Execute Order Sixty-Six.
There's a lot in play here
Sidious thought Yoda was dead (he literally says "Master Yoda, you survived" in reaction to seeing him). Order 66 had seen to the death of most of the Jedi since it took them by surprise
Any Jedi that had survived would presumably be trying to hide from the Republic Imperial Army, not march into his office on Coruscant
Anakin/Vader hated Tatooine and preferred to avoid it.
Anakin grew up there and had a strong influence on the place, so any sense of feeling a Force presence there could be discounted to his own influence.
The best place to hide anything is in plain sight (see Edgar Allan Poe's The Purloined Letter for more on this).
We develop a blindness to ourselves and ...
Since the Jedi believed Palpatine was a Sith Lord, they considered him too dangerous to entrust with the vital functions of a Chancellor. From the film Revenge of the Sith:
Windu: "We just received word that Obi-Wan has destroyed General Grevious. We're on our way to make sure the Chancellor returns emergency power back to the Senate."
Watch the video again and you'll see why. Jedi believe in emotionless serenity, they don't let their emotions cloud their judgment. Anakin was a powerful Jedi but he was still far too passionate and emotional. A prime example of this was his reaction to being denied the rank of master, yelling at the council for not promoting you is surely not an example of ...