O'Brien's place of birth is Killarney, Ireland, Earth.
This is confirmed in a couple of places.
Per The Star Trek Book: Strange New Worlds Boldly Explained:
NAME: Miles Edward O’Brien
BORN: 2328, Killarney, Ireland, Earth
FATHER: Michael O’Brien
STARFLEET DIVISION: Operations
PERSONNEL FILE: O'Brien, Miles Edward
Part of the answer is that starships (even in the TNG era) are generally near a starbase so that if there were some need for a JAG you could go there and have your issue adjudicated. From The Measure of a Man
PHILLIPA: When I prosecuted you in the Stargazer court martial, I was doing my job.
PICARD: Oh, you did more than your job. You enjoyed it.
Honestly the real answer is plot convenience.
But the in-universe answer would be that legal practice is just not that hard anymore.
I don't mean this in the sense that all the laws have been simplified to the extent that expertise isn't required anymore (obviously this is not the case in light of all the differing legal systems of every planetary system you ...
In The Next Generation alone, we've seen at least 3 uses of the shorthand "Transporters, lock on to my combadge" followed by placing the combadge on something to be transported. This is usually used in a scenario where the transport needs to be done especially urgently, and the time spent to explain to the transporter room what to target may ...
In terms of an in-universe reasoning, the Temporal Prime Directive stipulates that Starfleet personnel are to maintain the timeline and prevent history from being altered. Only going back the minimum distance necessary to stop Soran from committing a selfish atrocity prevents other potential butterfly effects from happening, which he might not even know ...
In the DS9 episode, "Homefront", O'Brien asks Odo to visit his parents in Dublin.
ODO: Well, I take it the Battle of Britain has been won yet again.
BASHIR: There's a Spitfire with your name on it waiting in the hangar. When you get back from Earth, you can take Clive's place in the squadron.
ODO: Somehow I doubt it.
O'BRIEN: Look, Odo, do me a ...
Troi's son Ian died, at least his human form.
Data's daughter Lal died. I think she could be reasonably called a child, even if her form was adult.
Nurse Ogawa lost her unborn baby in All Good Things, but then history changed so it never happened.
And various alternate timelines where the Enterprise was destroyed and everyone died.
It's worthy of note that TNG: Family doesn't actually break the canon established in TNG: Heart of glory (e.g. that Worf grew up on Gault), although I do rather suspect that they transplanted his parents to Earth specifically so that he could meet with them in this episode, especially since there's no mention of his having lived on Earth with his parents ...
Because the Starfleet Academy graduates are lawyers
This is a strange conclusion, but it is logically necessitated by the events of the TNG episode "The Drumhead", when Admiral Satie and her investigating team accuse Crewman Simon Tarses of betraying the Federation.
The magnitude of the legal trouble Mr. Tarses was in cannot be overstated; it is ...
For the record, the saucer section deck numbering goes from Deck 1 (e.g. the Bridge at the very top of the ship) down to deck 18 at the bottom, so we'd expect the see any rooms on Decks 1-10 with windows sloping forward and any rooms on decks 11-18 with windows sloping in different directions, primarily backwards.
We see a bunch of ship's quarters from Deck ...
Killarney in County Kerry
I found numerous sources claiming this, including the Spanish Memory Alpha wiki and Wikipedia, which cites it to Appendix B of the book Star Trek Chronology: The History of the Future (1996).
There's even a petition to honour him by having a plaque put up in the real town of Killarney. It was not successful; I guess there isn't a ...
The particular question in Measure of a Man was put as thus
I've got to make a ruling, to try to speak to the future. Is Data a machine? Yes. Is he the property of Starfleet? No.
Remember, Data wasn't just an android, he was also a Starfleet officer. As such, Starfleet was ruled to not own Data. Which means this ruling only applies to androids serving in ...
There is, as far as can be told, no additional information about this mission in the shows, films or EU novels.
That being said, it seems highly likely, given the profile of the mission (a potential new route for defectors out of Romulan-controlled space) and the profiles of those involved (a Vice-Proconsul, a major in the Tal Shiar and a Starfleet officer ...
If you look at the Enterprise saucer from the outside you can see that the majority of rooms with windows are on the upper side of the saucer. There are five outer rings with lots of windows, two inner rings with fewer windows, and the bridge. They all have the window sloping top-in bottom-out.
The underside of the saucer has only two rings of windows, ...