This is probably Isaac Asimov's "Spell My Name with an "S"".
The story concerns Marshall Zebatinsky, a Polish-American nuclear physicist. He is concerned that his career has stalled, and in desperation consults a numerologist for advice on restarting it. The numerologist advises him to change the first letter of his name to "S": Sebatinsky.
Excalibur #58 (1992) fits the bill, your villain being Alchemy.
Trouble on both sides! With both the Crazy Gang and the trolls that kidnapped Alchemy on the loose, can even the combined strength of Excalibur and the X-Men come out on top?
As revealed in the previous issue, Alchemy was in with the trolls who used his mother as leverage ...
This is actually a commonly occurring plot motif. However, the most explicit example of this would be "The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas" by Ursula LeGuin (PDF). The titular "ones" are those people who refuse to accept the suffering for one child as a necessity to preserve their utopia.
The only chronological element of the work is that ...
Many of those details match the 1968 musical Chitty Chitty Bang Bang. It involves a flying car, the father is an inventor who creates a new type of candy, and the children are captured by the evil Child Catcher and imprisoned.
This is Stardust from 2007.
The film follows Tristan, a young man from the fictional town of Wall. Wall is a town on the border of the magical fantasy kingdom of Stormhold. Tristan enters the magical world to collect a fallen star to give to his crush Victoria, in return for her hand in marriage. He collects the star who, to his surprise, is a woman named ...
You're describing Logan's Run.
In the year 2274, the remnants of human civilization live in a sealed
city contained beneath a cluster of geodesic domes, a utopia run by a
computer that takes care of all aspects of their life, including
reproduction. The citizens live a hedonistic life but in order to
maintain the population levels everyone must ...
This sounds like the short story "At the Core" by Larry Niven.
Four years after the events in the other short story "Neutron Star", spaceship pilot Beowulf Shaeffer is on Jinx, a planet orbiting Sirius B, when he is again contacted by the Puppeteers, this time by the Regional President of General Products on Jinx, who offers him a chance to guide a ...
I'd suggest that this is likely to be a somewhat poorly-recalled "The Forever War" by Joe Haldeman.
This does feature "time travel" although this is related to the difference in relative speeds for interplanetary travel due to time-dilation.
"Exactly. You've lost about nine years, though, to time dilation, while we maneuvered between collapsar jumps. In ...
The movie Event Horizon (1997) features a crew investigating the return of an experimental FTL ship. The original crew used an artificial black hole as part of their drive tech, and went crazy when they crossed the event horizon, cueing much clawing of eyes from sockets and eating of flesh.
Some of the original crew experiences are accessed & shown as ...
This is the 2001 film A.I. Artificial Intelligence.
The Blue Fairy (not Angel) is a recurrent theme in the movie.
Here is the part about being trapped underwater, from the linked Wikipedia article.
David tells Joe he saw the Blue Fairy underwater and wants to go down
to meet her. Joe is captured by the authorities using an
electromagnet. David and ...
The story is definitely taken straight from Aldous Huxley's Brave New World.
A "chill pill" called soma
A society with a completely relaxed and open attitude toward sex and intimacy (in the book people refer to it as "enjoying" someone, as in "Have you enjoyed so-and-so lately?")
A method of teaching this behavior to children; the beginning ...
This is likely A Canticle for Leibowitz by Walter M. Miller Jr.
After 20th century civilization was destroyed by a global nuclear war, known as the "Flame Deluge", there was a violent backlash against the culture of advanced knowledge and technology that had led to the development of nuclear weapons. During this backlash, called the "Simplification", ...
1884: Flatland: A Romance of Many Dimensions, a novel by Edwin Abbott Abbott writing as "A Square", available at Project Gutenberg.
Wikipedia plot summary:
The story describes a two-dimensional world occupied by geometric figures, whereof women are simple line-segments, while men are polygons with various numbers of sides. The narrator is a square named ...
That would be Korgoth of Barbaria, an animated pilot that was not picked up. It aired in the summer of 2006.
Korgoth is infected with a deadly parasite by Gog-Ma-Gogg and extorted to steal an item known as "The Golden Goblin of the Fourth Age" from the wizard Specules, who Gog believes to have recently died. He journeys with a group of ...
That's the James Kahn novelization. Your quote is pretty much verbatim.
Jabba smiled grimly. "Your mind powers won't work on me. I am not
affected by your human thought patterns". Then, as an afterthought: " I
was killing your kind when being a Jedi meant something."
(This is from the Kindle edition btw., in case someone wants to compare with the ...
This sounds to me like Ted Chiang's "What's expected of us", posted online here. It matches the description of effect preceding cause, and ends with the line:
So why did I do it?
Because I had no choice.
This is a Twilight Zone episode: "A Little Peace and Quiet," from the 1980s series.
Penny is a very harried housewife with a dim-witted and hapless husband named Russell. They also have four children: Janet and Susan, who are always fighting; Gertie, who is very clumsy; and Russell Jr., who is always playing pranks. A typical morning ...
This is "A Statue for Father" (1959) by Isaac Asimov.
A theoretical physicist and his son work on the theory of time travel, and experiment with a method of reaching back into time and retrieving objects
More by serendipity than design, they manage to retrieve a nest of dinosaur eggs which in due course hatch.
They keep on working ...
This is Mr. Tompkins in Wonderland (1939). After attending a lecture on relativity the protagonist dreams that he enters a fantastical world where light moves at a mere fraction of the speed of sound.
When he opened his eyes again, he found himself sitting not on a
lecture room bench but on one of the benches installed by the city
for the convenience ...
Terry Brooks's Magic Kingdom for Sale -- Sold.
The novel begins with Ben Holiday, a trial lawyer from Chicago, lamenting the loss of his wife and unborn child in a car accident. He finds an advertisement in an upscale Christmas catalog claiming to offer a magical kingdom for one million dollars by a man named Mr. Meeks. Although skeptical, Ben pursues ...
I'm pretty sure this is the JG Ballard story "The Concentration City", originally published as "Build-Up".
"The Concentration City" is set in a "city" encompassing everything in known existence to its inhabitants. The districts comprise endless streets and buildings and seemingly infinitely high and low levels, or floors, with few trees ...
This sounds awfully similar to
The Truman Show
A guy dreaming about the one who will love her and he tries to figure out how she looks like.
Sylvia, the woman, had appeared in Truman's past and tried to reveal that he was actually in a TV Show. However, the production crew took her away and kicked her off the cast. This could be quite easily ...
I would think you are looking for 'The City and the Stars' by Arthur C Clarke
The City and the Stars is a science fiction novel by British writer Arthur C. Clarke, published in 1956. This novel is a complete rewrite of his earlier Against the Fall of Night, which was Clarke's first novel, and was published in Startling Stories magazine ...
The story you’re thinking of is “Cascade Point”, a 1983 novella by Timothy Zahn. It appeared in a collection of his other stories, Cascade Point and Other Stories.
I can’t find any synopsis on-line, and I have hardcopy at home, not here, but what I recall matches your (few) details exactly. Additional details that may be helpful to ...
This is John Christopher's The Tripods series.
The story of The Tripods is a variation on post-apocalyptic literature, wherein humanity has been enslaved by "Tripods" — gigantic three-legged walking machines, piloted by unseen alien entities (later identified as "Masters"). Human society is largely pastoral, with few habitations larger than villages, and ...
Master of the Five Magics, by Lyndon Hardy.
Originally published in 1980, with this cover:
The scene you describe is the climax of the book's second section, when the main character, Alodar, is learning Alchemy.
He and his master have gone into debt to a local businessman in order to develop the heat-protective salve. There's a mine nearby with jewels ...
Miriam Allen deFord: "The Season of the Babies" (1959).
This is a great short story that challenges our preconceptions of right and wrong. The diplomats visiting a lost colony discover at a banquet that they are eating babies; those that didn't make the cut in an annual test of health, intelligence, etc. The hosts, in turn, are aghast that Earth people ...
This is probably A. E. van Vogt's "Juggernaut" (1944), which was previously asked about and answered here. Though that answer was not accepted, it is almost certainly correct.
The story concerns the mysterious appearance of a bar of what looks like plain steel, which is collected in a wartime scrap metal drive. Metal from the batch including that bar can be ...