This looks like it might be The Price of Life, a 1987 short film produced by Chanticleer Films and originally aired on the U.S. cable channel, Showtime.
While it doesn’t have a Wikipedia entry of its own, but a brief description is found in the “Similar Works” section of the article for the 2011 film In Time. The emphasis below is mine.
The Price of Life ...
This is a Twilight Zone episode: "A Little Peace and Quiet," from the 1980s series.
Penny is a very harried housewife with a dim-witted and hapless husband named Russell. They also have four children: Janet and Susan, who are always fighting; Gertie, who is very clumsy; and Russell Jr., who is always playing pranks. A typical morning ...
To me this seems obvious:
The potions weren't prepared by Slughorn.
They may have been prepared by Snape the previous year. There's no reason to think Slughorn deviates much from the syllabus Snape would have followed had he continued teaching Potions, so it makes sense for Snape to have prepared these potions each year for use in teaching sixth-years the ...
I'm looking for a short story
"Common Time", a novelette by James Blish, published in Science Fiction Quarterly, August 1953, available at the Internet Archive. The story has its own Wikipedia page.
about a man who wakes (maybe on a spaceship) after some accident
It's a spaceship all right. There was no accident, but it's an experimental faster-than-light ...
On the face of it, this does seem a bit of a goof. Slughorn is laying low at the Muggle house, then turns up at Hogwarts and within "a few weeks" has access to Felix Felicis.
Off the top of my head, this could be accounted in one of two ways:
There's no special reason to assume that it needs to be made in a single sitting. It's certainly possible that some ...
I read a short story in the mid-90s
"Frost and Thunder", a novelette by Randall Garrett; first published in Asimov's SF Adventure Magazine, Summer 1979, which is available at the Internet Archive. You may have read it in the 1986 paperback anthology Time Wars edited by Poul Anderson, Charles G. Waugh, and Martin H. Greenberg, or else in the 1992 hardcover ...
Hurt's Doctor is a past version of 10 and 11, so all events that happened to Hurt's Doctor happened to 10 and 11 also.
If you recall, at the end of TDOTD, Hurt's Doctor says how he won't remember any of the events that took place, and instead he would only remember destroying Gallifrey in lieu of saving it. But they don't actually destroy Galiffrey do they? ...
It was Timescape, S6 E25.
An excerpt of the episode:
Captain Picard and Lieutenant Commanders Data, La Forge, and Counselor Troi are aboard a runabout heading back to rendezvous with the Enterprise. Data turns helm control of the runabout over to the computer and joins Picard, La Forge, and Troi, who are sitting at a table finishing their lunches and ...
The author is Орлин Крумов (Orlin Krumov) and the title of the story is Три минути за вашето самоубийство translated to Three Minutes for Your Suicide. The story was written in 1988 and was found in one of the stories from Списание „Наука и техника за младежта“, №472 (Magazine "Science and technology for the youth", no 472). The short story is available here:...
It wasn't a "short, black & White" movie, but this is very much like the premise of In Time, which starred Justin Timberlake.
Humans had been genetically engineered -- they no longer aged (protagonist's mother looked 25, so did the protagonist), but had a display on their arm of the remaining time in their life. Time was literally money -- you got paid ...
The War of The Five Kings is still in progress. As of 300AC.
The war started in 298AC (two years ago). Although it is considered that the war is ongoing, the main part of the war is considered to have ended in 300AC. There is no official ending of "Phase I", but it can be concluded that the first phase of the war ended with The Purple Wedding. The second ...
A brief amount of time
Upon hitting Harry with the Killing Curse, Voldemort was supposedly knocked out at the same time.
Harry closed his eyes again and considered what he had seen. The Death Eaters had been huddled round Voldemort, who seemed to have fallen to the ground. Something had happened when he had hit Harry with the Killing Curse. Had ...
Game of Thrones
The timeline in Game of Thrones is deliberately vague with events in the same episode in different areas sometimes being months apart. Whilst the unofficial timeline is one season = one year this doesn't really hold up when you look at some events between seasons. However, seeing as this is the best we really have I shall answer from that ...
A fixed point
The only complete date (day, month and year) explicitly cited in the movies is the day of the long-expected party, Bilbo's final birthday celebration in the Shire:
[Bilbo:] The 22nd day of September in the year 1400, by Shire reckoning ...
LOTR:FOTR SEE, scene 2 "Concerning Hobbits"
This happens at the beginning of the FOTR movie, in the ...
I suspect this is the 1999 novel All of an Instant by Robert Garfinkle.
Here is the Amazon description of the novel:
"...a brilliant scientist discovers the Instant, a paradoxical nonplace that is simultaneously all times and no time. Soon contending armies roam the Instant, stirring its waters as they struggle not only to conquer the world but also time ...
First of all, when Admiral Piett says "went into light-speed", he likely means "went to a speed faster than light". It is well known that the hyperdrives appearing in Star Wars are faster-than-light drives.
From the Star Wars Wikia:
In numbers, the hyperdrive allowed travelers to traverse a galaxy spanning over 120,000 light years in only a few hours or ...
The earliest I know of is "Repent, Harlequin!" Said the Ticktockman by Harlan Ellison (Written in 1965). Attorneys representing the author are actually suing the creators of the movie "In Time" because of its similarities to the short story.
In the film, we learn that the date is sometime after July 1998 but before December 1999. That date appears on Neo's Security file and Morpheus specifically references "the world as it was at the end of the Twentieth Century" in his 'desert of the real' speech.
I think we can be reasonably certain that your hypothesis 1 is the closest;
Time in The Matrix ...
Between their departure from Narnia and their return, 1288 Narnian years passed (in one Earth year):
The events of The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe occured [sic] between 1000 and 1015 NY [Narnian Year], and in 1940 AD on Earth.
(The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (book) on WikiNarnia)
Due to the anomalies found between Earth time and Narnian, ...
He is implying a new set of regenerations (which he ultimately gets anyways). Clara is asking him if he can change his future, which means The Doctor NOT dying on Trenzalore. That could be possible only if he could've received an extra set of regenerations, which only the TimeLords could grant him. So That is what he meant by that sentence.
This is Inverted World by Christopher Priest.
As chance would have it, we're discussing this book at our next SciFi reading group meeting. I first read the book as a 14 year old and I really loved it. I heartily recommend it to 14 year olds of all ages!
About a week.
At the beginning of Agents of SHIELD s02e20 “Scars”, Coulson says:
What's transpired over the last week is a lot to take in.
Given the matter of fact tone in which Ultron’s defeat and Theta Protocol (the deployment of a repaired Helicarrier) is discussed, we can deduce that the events of Age of Ultron have concluded before this episode ...
A year is a year is a year (in the MCU at least)
In Thor: Ragnarok, we see "year" referenced several times to multiple beings without any clarification as to what frame of reference was being used. But perhaps the most telling was from the Grandmaster himself:
"Time works real different around these parts. On any other world I would be millions of years ...
I believe the game takes place over a span of two days.
When Gordon goes outside past the rocket pit in chapter 8 (On a Rail), it is dark out:
In the next chapter Gordon is captured by the assassins. I would guess he was out for multiple hours, which is why it's light outside when he escapes:
Gordon then goes on to work through the facility some more, to ...
Could it be Ray Bradbury's Frost and Fire? See this question.
According to WikiPedia:
Placed there by a past rocket ship that crashed, the people of the storied land are within sight of another rocket ship on a distant mountain plateau. The plot follows Sim, the protagonist of this story, and his apparently short life on a planet where people are cursed ...
No, there is no actual time limit. Further, the scene you reference from the movie does not happen in the book. From the first book's description of the Games (via Katniss, emphasis mine):
The twenty-four tributes will be imprisoned in a vast outdoor arena
that could hold anything from a burning desert to a frozen wasteland.
Over a period of ...
Bran III, A Dance with Dragons
Length: Seven weeks (a full moon's turn, plus three-quarters of another)
The following are exerpts from this chapter. On the first page:
Later in the same chapter:
(The intervening quarter-moons are mentioned as well, but they aren't needed here.)