58 votes
Accepted

What is this wrong inscription at the Doors of Durin, the gate of moria?

It says complete gibberish What you are looking at is someone who tried using a Tengwar computer font to type, but without knowing anything about how to use Tengwar and so operating under the false ...
ibid's user avatar
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44 votes
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What does Eru Ilúvatar's name mean?

Eru Ilúvatar means the “All Father” Eru 'The One', 'He that is Alone' Ilúvatar 'Father of All’ The Silmarillion, Index of Names The name Ilúvatar is a compound of two words, Ilu/Ilúvë ("the all&...
Edlothiad's user avatar
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43 votes
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Translation of the writing around Gondor's banner

It's the Ring Verse. This is almost certainly a fan image as MPF points out in the comments below. The Gondorians had no reason to display the Ring Verse on a banner, and almost certainly were unaware ...
Edlothiad's user avatar
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38 votes
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In what language did Túrin converse with Mîm?

Most likely Sindarin It was certainly not Khuzdul, as Mîm says they do not teach that tongue, futher, Mîm is described as initially speaking a foreign language: They have no name, save in the dwarf-...
Edlothiad's user avatar
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35 votes
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What does the inscription on the pot of gold in "A Conversation with Smaug" say?

The side facing us reads "... gold [of] Thror [and] Thrain ... accursed be the thief", and is then signed with initials for Thror and Thrain. The Annotated Hobbit Douglas A. Anderson glosses ...
ibid's user avatar
  • 93.9k
33 votes

What did Christopher Tolkien mean by "Tolkien's fifteenth invented language"?

The original listing of these languages is so much more complicated than this, because Tolkien always changed or created new dialects. Tolkien's glossopoeia has two temporal dimensions: the internal (...
burcu's user avatar
  • 7,944
31 votes

In what language did Túrin converse with Mîm?

It would appear Mîm did indeed speak Sindarin, given this passage from Narn i Hîn Húrin from Unfinished Tales: Then Mîm clapsed Túrin about his knees, saying: "Mîm will be your friend, lord. At ...
chepner's user avatar
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29 votes
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What dialect or language was the inspiration for Gollum's speech?

I can only find one reference to Gollum's mode of speech in the Letters. I believe there is only one error remaining in the text from which the Puffin was printed: like for likes (6th imp. p. 85 line ...
Blackwood's user avatar
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26 votes
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What does this say in Elvish?

I admit to little skill, but it appears to say approximately "stargazing." [s][t+a][r][ng+a][z+i][n][ng] (Note that there is no simple "g" sound in Quenya.) I ruled out Sindarin in favor of Quenya ...
DavidW's user avatar
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25 votes
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Why was Ondolindë always referred to as Gondolin?

Tolkien, a Translator As I've stated previously, Tolkien envisioned himself, and the world around him, as part of Arda, and was therefore not an author creating a world, but a translator of histories ...
Edlothiad's user avatar
  • 77.3k
24 votes
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Is Gálmód male?

YES, ALMOST CERTAINLY MALE The first question is easiest to answer: Tolkien tells us that Galmod is Grima's father! But we need to look a little deeper to see how. The Rohirrim generally reckon ...
elemtilas's user avatar
  • 7,385
23 votes
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What is Gandalf's Westron name, and why does he sign with a "G" rune?

We don't know You can find a list of all known words from Westron here. Including both the present-day Westron that the hobbits use and the archaic version that the Rohirrim use, there are only 53 ...
ibid's user avatar
  • 93.9k
20 votes
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By what name are the Pelennor Fields known to the commonfolk of Gondor?

I don't know how anyone can do more than make a plausible guess by following Tolkien's conceit that English == Westron and come up with a name in English meaning something like "fenced, encircled ...
Mark Olson's user avatar
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19 votes
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What is Tolkien's name for the language of Rohan?

Tolkien calls it "Rohan", "Rohanese", and "Rohirian". An often-used fanname is "Rohirric", but that has never been used by Tolkien. Rohan This seems to be the ...
ibid's user avatar
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19 votes
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Who or what is "Nampat" in the chant of the Orcs in the Rings of Power?

I think there is no alternative to taking the makers at their word. According to the x-ray feature on Amazon Prime, under "General trivia", the word is defined as: "Nampat," the ...
Clara Diaz Sanchez's user avatar
18 votes
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Were the Sindar illiterate before the Flight of the Noldor?

No, they had their own writing system Although it is hard to find a source for the exact date, Tolkien Gateway supposes that it was created during the Chaining of Melkor. It seems to be easily deduced ...
Edlothiad's user avatar
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17 votes
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Are all "C" words pronounced with a hard "K" or just Elven ones?

In the invented languages, "C" is always hard There's a note near the end of the first part of Appendix E which clarifies this: In names drawn from other languages than Eldarin the same ...
Jason Baker's user avatar
17 votes
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Did Tolkien invent enough Dwarvish to carry on a conversation?

No There simply aren't enough words in Tolkien's Khuzdûl to carry on a conversation. This is noted by Christopher Tolkien in History of Middle-earth, when remarking on the use of the language in the ...
Jason Baker's user avatar
17 votes
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Is the Númenórean language Adûnaic supposed to be English?

I need to establish one thing first: The Common Tongue is not English The Common Tongue is another of Tolkien's constructed languages, more properly called Westron. From Appendix F: The language ...
Jason Baker's user avatar
15 votes
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Which language is more fully developed, Klingon or Quenya/Sindarin?

Definitely Klingon Although Tolkien's writings on Quenya and Sindarin are extensive, there simply isn't enough to carry on realistic conversations; unless you're willing to go into some of the fan ...
Jason Baker's user avatar
15 votes

How are numbers written in the languages of The Lord of the Rings?

Quettar Special Publication No.1, "The Writing Systems of Middle-earth", by David Doughan and Julian Bradfield, published in 1987. The Eldar used both a decimal and a duodecimal system, the ...
Oni's user avatar
  • 2,643
14 votes

Does the Black Speech have a name?

The Black Speech certainly has a name. Sauron was the language inventor, and surely somewhere in his grammar notes he would have given it a name. Tolkien never reveals a "proper" name nor offers a ...
elemtilas's user avatar
  • 7,385
13 votes

Elvish transcription - Upon the Hearth the Fire is Red

As far as elvish goes, the transcription is incorrect. Rather, your idea that this is elvish is incorrect. What you have there is the same text in English language using the Tengwar alphabet. The ...
Apollo's user avatar
  • 586
13 votes

Why was Ondolindë always referred to as Gondolin?

The Noldor had arrived to Middle-earth after the First Kinslaying, and when Thingol learnt of the latter he banned the use of Quenyan throughout his realm. This rule took place many years before ...
Voronwé's user avatar
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13 votes

Was it just coincidence that "Barad-dûr?" sounds like an English phrase?

"Barad" is used in other names: Barad Eithel Emyn Beraid As is "Dûr": Emyn Duir Dol Guldur (Guldur = dark sorcery) While it's possible that Tolkien designed all these words around "Barad Dûr" ...
Laurel's user avatar
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13 votes

What does Eru Ilúvatar's name mean?

Yes. In-world: In Quenya, the name signifies The One (God), Allfather. Out-world: It should hardly come as a surprise that a unique, transcendent, relational, parental God should be called "The One" ...
elemtilas's user avatar
  • 7,385
12 votes

How are numbers written in the languages of The Lord of the Rings?

I'm not sure if the original JRR Tolkien manuscripts these were based on have been published yet, (I presume they have, I just haven't been able to locate them) but in 1981 and 1982 Christopher ...
ibid's user avatar
  • 93.9k
12 votes
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Did Tolkien write any parts the Lord of the Rings in Westron?

No Pretty much all of the known Westron that Tolkien created can be found in Appendix F to The Lord of the Rings (or the earlier drafts of that Appendix published in HoMe volume 12), where Tolkien ...
ibid's user avatar
  • 93.9k
12 votes

Were the Sindar illiterate before the Flight of the Noldor?

The Sindar had their own writing system before encountering Tengwar In the Year of the Trees 1300 or 1350, Daeron of Doriath created a runic writing system later known as the Cirth or the Alphabet of ...
ibid's user avatar
  • 93.9k
12 votes

What does the inscription on the pot of gold in "A Conversation with Smaug" say?

According to this (well-researched) Web site, the text is: gold th[portion obscured by ladder] Thrain Accursed be the thief Below that are two TH runes, presumably a monogram for "Thrain." ...
Buzz's user avatar
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