This tag is for questions about the languages constructed by J. R. R. Tolkien or mentioned in his works. His most developed languages are the Elvish languages Quenya and Sindarin. For in-universe questions, use with [tolkiens-legendarium].

J. R. R. Tolkien, in addition to being the author of his legendarium, was a philologist who constructed a number of languages over his lifetime. He started constructing languages in his teens, before he started developing the world that would form the basis for The Lord of the Rings.

For more information, see the Wikipedia article on languages constructed by J. R. R. Tolkien.

For a list of languages constructed by Tolkien or mentioned in his works, see this question: How many fictional languages did Tolkien create? Part of the accepted answer is copied here:

Languages with real meat:

  1. Quenya
  2. Sindarin

Some substance, but not usable languages:

  1. Telerin
  2. Doriathrin
  3. Ikorin
  4. Nandorin
  5. Adûnaic
  6. Khuzdul
  7. Westron
  8. Taliska

Purely fragmentary:

  1. Black Speech
  2. Valarin

Essentially absent:

  1. Rohirric
  2. Dunlendish
  3. Various dialects of Orcish
  4. Avarin
  5. the language of Harad
  6. Entish

For questions about how the languages are used in universe by people of Middle Earth (the universe that Lord of the Rings and Silmarillion glimpses into), as opposed to how they are used in our modern world, questions should be tagged also with .

history | excerpt history