The Millennium Falcon is (approximately) 58,000 times faster than the USS Enterprise-D.
The (Galaxy Class) Enterprise-D's top speed is stated to be Warp 9.8.
DATA: Projection, sir. We may be able to match the hostile's nine point eight, sir. But at extreme risk.
TNG: Encounter at Farpoint
This handy reckoner from the TNG Technical Manual shows us ...
They travel at the same speed — 1.0 SOP — which is not comparable
All star ships in all science fiction are always traveling at The Speed Of Plot.
This may sound snarky but the comment is serious; it is meant to point out that the numbers are not comparable, even within the same universe. Also they are irrelevant, because speed is not really important. ...
In the Star Trek: Next Generation Technical Manual, it is mentioned that the Bridge module is replaceable. This makes a case for why the bridge should be where it is.
The concept of the replaceable bridge module originated during Star Trek V, when we were working with Herman Zimmerman on a new Enterprise bridge that was quite a bit different from the one ...
Why the quarters are so spacious;
Ship space isn't at much of a premium. The ship can readily hold ten times the present crew when the need arises (for evacuation missions and emergencies) which means that for most of the time, the ship is 90% empty.
The Enterprise is not a military vessel. Their primary mission is one of peaceful exploration. In addition ...
Officially, because Gene Roddenberry said so. Part of the ship design parameters places the bridge on the top of the ship as per his specifications. He had strict design parameters set for all the ships of the series.
Roddenberry's Design Rules: The following are Gene Roddenberry's official design rules. I found them at Jim Stevenson's Starship Schematic ...
There were two versions of the Enterprise used in production.
The first one was used in the original pilot and for all of the original introduction shots.
December 29, in 1964: Craftsmen Richard Datin, Vern Sion, Mel Keys, and Volmer Jensen pose outside of Jensen's Los Angeles model shop with the just-completed original 11-foot version of the starship ...
Played the following enterprise/starfleet crewmembers:
In order she is portraying:
Enterprise-D Officer, TNG episode "Power Play"
Enterprise-D Officer, Star Trek: Generations
Defiant Weapons Officer, DS9 episode, "The Way of the Warrior"
She also played the following aliens:
In order these are:
Kiros, TNG: "Starship ...
No, not really.
1924 - Psycho-ship was the vehicle in Goncharov's book "Psycho-Ship" ("Психо-машина") - part of "Interstellar Traveller" dilogy. It was designed for exploration and moved using psychic energy.
1956 - Passing the torch temporarily (pun intended) to English speaking works, Heinlein's "Time for the Stars" has torchships, explicitly designed for ...
Those are all ships throughout history that have been named Enterprise. We see, that we know of, ships from the original series and movies on that wall. We do not see the NX-01, since that had not been thought of at that point. The aircraft carrier is the U.S.S. Enterprise (CVN-65), which currently has a home port in Norfolk, VA, USA.
The TNG Technical Manual (considered a canon source of information about the trek universe) offers several reasons why separations were rare:
The sequence is intended to be used in "emergencies" only
The USS Enterprise consists of two spacecraft systems integrated to
form a single functional vessel. Under specific emergency ...
Out-of-universe, this was due to the existence of more than one Enterprise model, and to footage being reused:
The second configuration, used in the second pilot (and throughout the
rest of the series, due to footage being reused) was similar to the
first version, with the addition of running lights, additional
markings, and a grille pattern on the ...
played the Vulcan security officer on Voyager and also a Klingon named T'Kar on DS9
He also played a human crewmember on the Enterprise-B, which fulfills OP's comment that he wished it was human, but he wasn't going to change the question.
That's a different meaning of flagship. Dictionary.com defines it as:
a ship carrying the flag officer or the commander of a fleet, squadron, or the like, and displaying the officer's flag.
the main vessel of a shipping company.
any of the best or largest ships or airplanes operated by a passenger line.
the best or most ...
I'm going to go out on a limb here and say "no-one". My guess is that rooms are automatically configured and maintained by the ship itself:
The Enterprise has replicators in every set of quarters and access to high-precision transporters.
The Enterprise has a powerful semi-intelligent AI.
We know from the TNG Technical Manual that guest quarters are ...
Yes, of course there are.
The need to excrete waste matter was not genetically engineered out of humans (and other Federation member species) by the 23rd century.
There are next to no explicit references in the shows, though the Enterprise-D has a door labelled "HEAD" on the Bridge, and there were verbal references in Voyager to such rooms.
In DS9, ...
Here is a picture of the Enterprises lined up together; the last one is the new version of the Enterprise from the post-2009 movies:
The first is the NX-class Enterprise from the Enterprise series; its crew complement appears to be 83.
The second is the original Constitution-class Enterprise from TOS; its crew complement is 205 in the 2250s, then 450 in ...
Canon answer = 4.8 m x 2.5 m
According to the Star Trek: The Next Generation Technical Manual, written by TNG production designers Michael Okuda and Rick Sternbach,
At the very front of the bridge chamber is located a large (4.8 x 2.5 meter) visual display panel.
(Section 3.1, "Main Bridge", p.30)
Given the canonicity of this information, we should ...
In this instance there are a few things going on in the scene, some more obvious than others.
Kirk is siting on a closed toilet. The implication here is that the head (toilet) in the brig vents directly into space. If it's used while in spacedock it will cause mess to the landing platform/connectors.
Out of Universe
Since the 1950s and 1960s, ...
There were Vulcans on board during that episode, and they weren't compatible donors:
CRUSHER: My patient is not responding to treatment.
PICARD: You haven't found a compatible ribosome donor?
CRUSHER: The lab is still processing the tests. Early results indicate humans have far too many bio-rejection factors. I've also ruled out the Vulcans we'...
Just for complete accuracy, here's the line (in context):
PICARD: Are we ready, Commander La Forge?
LAFORGE: Almost. I've requested two additional field diverters. One for the computer core and one for the Bridge. They haven't been installed yet.
PICARD: Additional units?
LAFORGE: Yes, sir. We've logged in five years more warp hours than ...
The NCC-1701-B appears on screen (briefly) at the start of Star Trek: Generations which means that its canonicity is total.
That being said, the artwork pictured in your question appears to be largely based on John Eaves' original concept art for the ship, itself based on earlier concept art pictures
Memory Alpha explains that
The warp core was one of the most powerful in Starfleet, generating
approximately 12.75 billion gigawatts of power. (TNG: "True Q")
The exact quote is:
AMANDA: It's hard to imagine how much energy is being harnessed in there.
DATA: Imagination is not necessary. The scale is readily quantifiable. We are presently ...
Played Ro Laren of the Enterprise (8 appearances in Seasons 5-7):
And played Dara, an alien from Kaelon II, daughter Doctor Timicin in the TNG Episode, "Half a Life."
Both of these roles are in the same series, TNG.
I am basing the following list on Star Trek canon only.
Destructions seen on-screen
Destroyed on-screen in STIII by Kirk himself (footage repeated at special hearing of Federation Council in STIV, but this was the same incident, so will not count separately)
Destroyed on-screen 4 times in "Cause and Effect", but another was heard in ...
Although it's not explicitly stated elsewhere, the flash of light you see when a ship enters warp appears to be something called a "polyluminous burst".
In the Voyager episode Night, Tuvok used a photon torpedo's warp engine to deliberately create (and maximise) this flash:
TUVOK: ...Do we have the power to launch a photon torpedo?
KIM: Maybe one, ...
I'm actually going to list this in contrast to CBredlow's - but like the blueprint in that answer, this isn't necessarily 'official' canon either, although, the two images below and their explanations are sourced as coming from a canon source (depending on your point of view)
Doug Drexler, the designer of Enterprise NX-01, was very generous in
giving us ...
The short answer is that this is indeed a production goof. As you can see from the quick'n'dirty wireframe animation I threw together, you should be able to see at least the top of the rear of the saucer section (but not the nacelles themselves) from the observation lounge windows.
No in-universe explanation is offered. This sort of production error is ...