This sounds like The Tombs of Atuan, by Ursula LeGuin. Arha (originally named Tenar) is selected as high priestess of the dark powers of the Tombs. She is trained, mostly by other priestesses, but there are also monks, in the lore of the great underground labyrinth into which only she is allowed to go. Before the entrance to the labyrinth proper is a ...
I think you're looking for the Phenomena novels by Ruben Eliassen.
Phenomena is a series of Norwegian Young Adult fantasy books written by Ruben Eliassen. The series follows the elf boy Alk and his twin sister Ilke, which according to an old prophecy has the power to defeat Tarkan, the fürst of darkness, and by that free their world from his evil regime.
Thank you to @TheLethalCarrot, without whom I would not have found this book.
The book in question was Half-Human (2004), which did indeed include part of Dusssie by Nancy Springer.
A girl who hears the sea amongst the busy streets of Manhattan. A princess born with the strength to clutch a sword hilt. A winged boy who cannot fly. In these stories, the kind ...
Could be Harry Harrison The Daleth Effect.
He fits an experimental Daleth effect unit to a submarine to create a makeshift spacecraft. When it is sent into space to rescue two Soviet cosmonauts who are stranded on the moon, Klein is forced to reveal his secret to the world.
It's escalating use - lab experiment, reducing mass of a ship, ...
Perhaps Northern Lights by Philip Pullman, who is indeed British. Also known as The Golden Compass in the USA.
The novel is set in a world dominated by a theocratic international organisation, the Magisterium (also commonly called "the Church"), which actively suppresses heresy. In this world, humans' individual souls naturally exist outside of their ...
Invitation To The Game by Monica Hughes, which was later re-released as The Game.
It's the year 2154. Lisse and her friends have been deemed unemployable in the eyes of society. Now they must scavenge the disintegrating city for food and shelter, just to make ends meet.
But their dismal existence starts to look up when Lisse and her friends are ...
As this was in a school classroom it seems highly likely it might have only included excerpts from the stories and not the whole thing in detail. Or it could have just mashed together a group of stories for the sake of a class rather than being an official book. As such the stories are probably:
Dusssie (2007) by Nancy Springer
Dusie always knew puberty was ...
Night Shift (2018) by Erik Schubach
Night Shift is the first book in the Emily Monroe Is Not The Chosen One series which consists of 3 books (so far).
Emily Monroe may be a lot of things, but one thing is for sure, she is NOT the Chosen One.
Emily is a normal girl working at Big Burger who has the unfortunate luck to look exactly like Big City's superhero ...
"Z for Zachariah" by Robert C. O'Brien.
Ann Burden is a teenage girl who believes she is the last survivor of a nuclear war. Since her family's disappearance on a search expedition, she has lived alone on her farm in a small valley spared from radiation poisoning. A year after the war, a stranger in a radiation-proof suit ...
The Live-Forever Machine
This is an early work by Kenneth Oppel, the author of such well-known works as Airborn. It’s got "machine" in the title, of course.
According to the Goodreads description:
Alexander, guardian of the secret of immortality, only wants to
preserve the past. His nemesis, Coil, will do anything to destroy it.
Within the eerie ...
The Ghost of Thomas Kempe by Penelope Lively.
The Ghost of Thomas Kempe is a low fantasy novel for children by Penelope Lively, first published by Heinemann in 1973 with illustrations by Anthony Maitland. Set in present-day Oxfordshire, it features a boy and his modern family who are new in their English village, and seem beset by a poltergeist. Soon the ...
I believe this could be "The Time Maze" by Reginald Maddock, published in 1960. Online information about this book seems really scanty - the Goodreads page, for example, is disappointingly brief - so what I am writing is from memory, and may not be 100% accurate.
The story deals with two boys who fall into a cavern while exploring the woods near ...
"The Air of Mars" (1970) by Dmitri Bilenkin. Its only English publication was in The Air of Mars and Other Stories of Time and Space (1976) edited (and translated) by Mirra Ginsburg.
A young man or youth, because of some accident or misfortune, (perhaps his vehicle crashed) is stranded alone and forced to try to walk to safety.
He walked across ...
Consider this photo of Eddie Cochran:
Compare that with a crew cut (1943):
Heinlein doesn't mean Beatles long.
He means rock star long which was still much longer and puffed up than the average well-dressed business man of the age.
This might be The Seems, a series by John Hulme.
I found a snippet in a Google books search that has a team of (Jamaican expy) time miners, who normally mine Firsts, Seconds and Thirds of time from the three Time Zones, but who have now been recruited to build a trap for the Split Second.
It's a children's/young adult series featuring a youth from Earth. ...
This is probably Bill Brittain's The Wish Giver: Three Tales of Coven Tree (1983).
Three young people, Polly, Rowena and Adam, find a mysterious man at the county fair selling cards for 50 cents each that he claims will grant a wish.
The three mis-aimed wishes are:
Polly wishes for people to be happy to see her; she starts croaking like a frog to their ...
Partial match is 'Devil on my back' and the sequel 'Dream catcher', especially if some elements are conflated.
Both novels involve colonies of humans who survived some sort if disaster in arcs, which are largely underground. Tomi, the male protagonist of the first book, escapes a riot but falls through the waste system into a river and ends up meeting ...
This could be H. G. Wells' 1900–1901 novel The First Men in the Moon. In particular, the description of an antigravity device that functioned like window blinds is exactly as it appears in the book. (If the same kind of antigravity device is used in another work, it is probably a deliberate homage to Wells.)
Bedford rents a small ...
The timing is a bit off because this was written in 2018 not five to ten years ago, but could this be The Magician's Brother by H. D. A. Roberts?
The protagonist is Matthew Graves and his magic is literally dark:
Every magician has a specialty; for your adept (the lowest rung on the magical ladder), it's often little more than a single spell, lighting a ...
I believe that is Lloyd Alexander's Westmark Trilogy (Westmark, The Kestrel, and The Beggar Queen).
From the first book's summary:
Young Theo, an orphan, has been raised in a small town, Dorning, by a printer named Anton. After the pair accepts a job from a travelling salesman they are investigated by Cabbarus' men, who declare their job illegal and proceed ...
This is probably "Mutiny" (1980) by Malcolm Hulke. It was only published in an anthology called either Galactic Adventures or Purnell's Book of Adventures in Space. (I'm not sure they're actually 2 distinct books, because they have the exact same content, down to the cover and interior art and even the pagination is the same, and were both ...
Beyond the Labyrinth by Gillian Rubinstein
Fourteen-year-old Brenton questions the choices in his life when an alien anthropologist arrives to study an ancient Aboriginal tribe that once lived in the area around his home.
From this review:
At the end of the third last chapter, the narrative suddenly turns to address the reader and asks them to make a ...
The Supernaturalist (2004) by Eoin Colfer.
"In the not-too-distant future, in a place called Satellite City,
thirteen-year-old Cosmo Hill is unfortunate enough to come into the
world unwanted by his parents. And so, as are all orphaned boys his
age, Cosmo is dipped in a vaccine vat and sent to the Clarissa Frayne
Institute for Parentally Challenged ...
This is a trilogy by Tripods author John Christopher: The Prince in Waiting, Beyond the Burning Lands, and The Sword of the Spirits. Literally everything fits, except I don't think the sword mentioned in the last title was blue. It was made in a modern-style blast furnace of case hardened steel, by the high seers who lived hidden under Stonehenge. The ...
This sounds very much as though it could be The Zero Stone by Andre Norton (which also has a sequel - "Uncharted Stars"), first published in 1968.
The young man's name is Murdoc Jern and he has an alien companion, kind of like a cat, called Eet.
One of the most familiar covers (at least to me) is:
There's a reasonably complete write-up by Judith Tarr on the ...
It is possibly Taran Wanderer from the The Chronicles of Prydain
Taran Wanderer (1967) is a high fantasy novel by American writer Lloyd Alexander, the fourth of five volumes in The Chronicles of Prydain. The series follows Taran, the Assistant Pig-Keeper, as he nears manhood while helping to resist the forces of Arawn Death-Lord.
The story ...
This is James Tiptree Jr.'s The Starry Rift .
From Publishers Weekly:
The unsettling quality one expects of Tiptree is immediately evident
in the sequences framing these three stories that share the background
of the pseudonymous novelist's Brightness Falls from the Air. In a
prologue, a librarian in a great galactic library and two students
The Turning Place: Stories of a Future Past, a 1976 collection by Jean E. Karl in her Clordian Sweep series.
Review by Charles N. Brown in Isaac Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine, Spring 1977, available at the Internet Archive:
The biggest joy in reviewing books is to come across something very good but obscure. My 'discovery' this year is Jean Karl's ...
Pretty sure this is the Circle of Magic books by Tamora Pierce. Specifically, you are discussing the first book. (There are 11 books total in 2 4-book series and 3 separate books.)
From the Wikipedia (modified by me):
The series tells the stories of four 10-year-old children: Sandrilene fa Toren, Trisana Chandler, Daja Kisubo and Briar Moss, known as ...
The Last Legionary series (Galactic Warlord, Deathwing Over Veynaa, Day of the Starwind, Planet of the Warlord, Young Legionary) by Douglas Hill.
The books tell of the adventures of Keill Randor, the last survivor of his planet's population, who are annihilated at the beginning of the book Galactic Warlord. Randor's people were hardened over ...