This sounds like The Tombs of Atuan, by Ursula LeGuin. Arha (originally named Tenar) is selected as high priestess of the dark powers of the Tombs. She is trained, mostly by other priestesses, but there are also monks, in the lore of the great underground labyrinth into which only she is allowed to go. Before the entrance to the labyrinth proper is a ...
I think you're looking for the Phenomena novels by Ruben Eliassen.
Phenomena is a series of Norwegian Young Adult fantasy books written by Ruben Eliassen. The series follows the elf boy Alk and his twin sister Ilke, which according to an old prophecy has the power to defeat Tarkan, the fürst of darkness, and by that free their world from his evil regime.
Thank you to @TheLethalCarrot, without whom I would not have found this book.
The book in question was Half-Human (2004), which did indeed include part of Dusssie by Nancy Springer.
A girl who hears the sea amongst the busy streets of Manhattan. A princess born with the strength to clutch a sword hilt. A winged boy who cannot fly. In these stories, the kind ...
Could be Harry Harrison The Daleth Effect.
He fits an experimental Daleth effect unit to a submarine to create a makeshift spacecraft. When it is sent into space to rescue two Soviet cosmonauts who are stranded on the moon, Klein is forced to reveal his secret to the world.
It's escalating use - lab experiment, reducing mass of a ship, ...
Perhaps Northern Lights by Philip Pullman, who is indeed British. Also known as The Golden Compass in the USA.
The novel is set in a world dominated by a theocratic international organisation, the Magisterium (also commonly called "the Church"), which actively suppresses heresy. In this world, humans' individual souls naturally exist outside of their ...
As this was in a school classroom it seems highly likely it might have only included excerpts from the stories and not the whole thing in detail. Or it could have just mashed together a group of stories for the sake of a class rather than being an official book. As such the stories are probably:
Dusssie (2007) by Nancy Springer
Dusie always knew puberty was ...
Invitation To The Game by Monica Hughes, which was later re-released as The Game.
It's the year 2154. Lisse and her friends have been deemed unemployable in the eyes of society. Now they must scavenge the disintegrating city for food and shelter, just to make ends meet.
But their dismal existence starts to look up when Lisse and her friends are ...
"Z for Zachariah" by Robert C. O'Brien.
Ann Burden is a teenage girl who believes she is the last survivor of a nuclear war. Since her family's disappearance on a search expedition, she has lived alone on her farm in a small valley spared from radiation poisoning. A year after the war, a stranger in a radiation-proof suit ...
Tunnel In the Sky by Robert Heinlein!
A Malthusian catastrophe on Earth has been averted by the invention of
teleportation, called the "Ramsbotham jump", which is used to send
Earth's excess population to colonize other planets. However, the
costs of operating the device mean that the colonies are isolated from
Earth until they can produce ...
The Live-Forever Machine
This is an early work by Kenneth Oppel, the author of such well-known works as Airborn. It’s got "machine" in the title, of course.
According to the Goodreads description:
Alexander, guardian of the secret of immortality, only wants to
preserve the past. His nemesis, Coil, will do anything to destroy it.
Within the eerie ...
The Ghost of Thomas Kempe by Penelope Lively.
The Ghost of Thomas Kempe is a low fantasy novel for children by Penelope Lively, first published by Heinemann in 1973 with illustrations by Anthony Maitland. Set in present-day Oxfordshire, it features a boy and his modern family who are new in their English village, and seem beset by a poltergeist. Soon the ...
Consider this photo of Eddie Cochran:
Compare that with a crew cut (1943):
Heinlein doesn't mean Beatles long.
He means rock star long which was still much longer and puffed up than the average well-dressed business man of the age.
This might be The Seems, a series by John Hulme.
I found a snippet in a Google books search that has a team of (Jamaican expy) time miners, who normally mine Firsts, Seconds and Thirds of time from the three Time Zones, but who have now been recruited to build a trap for the Split Second.
It's a children's/young adult series featuring a youth from Earth. ...
This is probably Bill Brittain's The Wish Giver: Three Tales of Coven Tree (1983).
Three young people, Polly, Rowena and Adam, find a mysterious man at the county fair selling cards for 50 cents each that he claims will grant a wish.
The three mis-aimed wishes are:
Polly wishes for people to be happy to see her; she starts croaking like a frog to their ...
Partial match is 'Devil on my back' and the sequel 'Dream catcher', especially if some elements are conflated.
Both novels involve colonies of humans who survived some sort if disaster in arcs, which are largely underground. Tomi, the male protagonist of the first book, escapes a riot but falls through the waste system into a river and ends up meeting ...
I'm pretty certain it's SPIRITS AND SPELLS by Bruce Coville, printed in 1984 by Dell Publishing Company as part of their TWILIGHT: WHERE DARKNESS BEGINS series. Matches your cover and story description to a tee.
Thank you for asking. I've been looking for this book for years and the details you provided filled in the parts I didn't remember very well. It ...
This is a trilogy by Tripods author John Christopher: The Prince in Waiting, Beyond the Burning Lands, and The Sword of the Spirits. Literally everything fits, except I don't think the sword mentioned in the last title was blue. It was made in a modern-style blast furnace of case hardened steel, by the high seers who lived hidden under Stonehenge. The ...
This sounds very much as though it could be The Zero Stone by Andre Norton (which also has a sequel - "Uncharted Stars"), first published in 1968.
The young man's name is Murdoc Jern and he has an alien companion, kind of like a cat, called Eet.
One of the most familiar covers (at least to me) is:
There's a reasonably complete write-up by Judith Tarr on the ...
This could be H. G. Wells' 1900–1901 novel The First Men in the Moon. In particular, the description of an antigravity device that functioned like window blinds is exactly as it appears in the book. (If the same kind of antigravity device is used in another work, it is probably a deliberate homage to Wells.)
Bedford rents a small ...
This is James Tiptree Jr.'s The Starry Rift .
From Publishers Weekly:
The unsettling quality one expects of Tiptree is immediately evident
in the sequences framing these three stories that share the background
of the pseudonymous novelist's Brightness Falls from the Air. In a
prologue, a librarian in a great galactic library and two students
The Turning Place: Stories of a Future Past, a 1976 collection by Jean E. Karl in her Clordian Sweep series.
Review by Charles N. Brown in Isaac Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine, Spring 1977, available at the Internet Archive:
The biggest joy in reviewing books is to come across something very good but obscure. My 'discovery' this year is Jean Karl's ...
The Supernaturalist (2004) by Eoin Colfer.
"In the not-too-distant future, in a place called Satellite City,
thirteen-year-old Cosmo Hill is unfortunate enough to come into the
world unwanted by his parents. And so, as are all orphaned boys his
age, Cosmo is dipped in a vaccine vat and sent to the Clarissa Frayne
Institute for Parentally Challenged ...
This is The Lotus Caves, by John Christopher, published in 1969.
It's tied with The City of Gold and Lead for my favorite work by Christopher (a.k.a. Samuel Youd).
The most common cover image was this:
Fleeing the claustrophobic artificiality of the Moon Bubble, 14-year-olds Marty & Steve illegally reconnoiter-the long-abandoned 1st ...
This is Bad Blood by Peter Kennedy (1996). It is the fifth book in the "Fun Fax Horror" series. It is young adult, according to Goodreads.
Summary (emphasis mine):
Mike Campbell can't believe his luck: he's got two free Zombies tickets and the most popular girl in his class has agreed to go to the concert with him! What Mike doesn't realise is that he's ...
That could be The Lotus Caves by John Christopher, 1969.
The plot of The Lotus Caves seems to match the plot points outlined in the question - two YA's take an unauthorised joyride after stealing access to a moon-buggy, they eventually discover a cave system (not another dome, which is a discrepancy) made habitable by an alien plant that forms an artificial ...
This was Martin and His Friend from Outer Space (1955) by Ivo Duka and Helen Kolda. Martin lives in Manhattan. Martin's friend, Aknele-Alpha, hears his radio message and comes to visit from her home on one of Saturn's moons. She has dark hair with a gold streak that is made of real gold. If I remember the story right, she clips off some of her gold hair so ...
The Keeper Of The Isis Light by Monica Hughes.
After her parents died when she was a baby, her guardian robot genetically modified her so that she could live in the uplands of the planet Isis, where radiation levels were high. She developed lizard-like skin.
I read this novel in the early 1970s, but it may have been written as early as the 50s.
That's The Secret of the Ninth Planet by Donald A. Wollheim, first published in 1959. There is a Project Gutenberg etext. Here is the back cover blurb from the 1965 Paperback Library edition:
SOMEONE—OR SOMETHING—WAS STEALING THE SUN!
At first the theft was ...
The Farwalker’s Quest
This sounds like The Farwalker’s Quest, by Joni Sensel.
The main character had was a girl with the "long-forgotten job of being a guide." Check. She’s a Farwalker, who used to carry news and so forth between villages.
When she told him, he mused, “There aren’t supposed to be any
Farwalkers left. Storian told us in class that ...