This sounds like The Tombs of Atuan, by Ursula LeGuin. Arha (originally named Tenar) is selected as high priestess of the dark powers of the Tombs. She is trained, mostly by other priestesses, but there are also monks, in the lore of the great underground labyrinth into which only she is allowed to go. Before the entrance to the labyrinth proper is a ...
I think you're looking for the Phenomena novels by Ruben Eliassen.
Phenomena is a series of Norwegian Young Adult fantasy books written by Ruben Eliassen. The series follows the elf boy Alk and his twin sister Ilke, which according to an old prophecy has the power to defeat Tarkan, the fürst of darkness, and by that free their world from his evil regime.
Thank you to @TheLethalCarrot, without whom I would not have found this book.
The book in question was Half-Human (2004), which did indeed include part of Dusssie by Nancy Springer.
A girl who hears the sea amongst the busy streets of Manhattan. A princess born with the strength to clutch a sword hilt. A winged boy who cannot fly. In these stories, the ...
Perhaps Northern Lights by Philip Pullman, who is indeed British. Also known as The Golden Compass in the USA.
The novel is set in a world dominated by a theocratic international organisation, the Magisterium (also commonly called "the Church"), which actively suppresses heresy. In this world, humans' individual souls naturally exist outside of their ...
Replica by Marilyn Kaye.
From the wikipedia page (the title is the link):
"Replica" is a children's science fiction series about Amy Candler, a young teenager who discovers she is one of thirteen cloned girls who have been genetically modified to have superhuman abilities. She was created in the government-funded Project Crescent, and was kidnapped and ...
As this was in a school classroom it seems highly likely it might have only included excerpts from the stories and not the whole thing in detail. Or it could have just mashed together a group of stories for the sake of a class rather than being an official book. As such the stories are probably:
Dusssie (2007) by Nancy Springer
Dusie always knew puberty ...
Invitation To The Game by Monica Hughes, which was later re-released as The Game.
It's the year 2154. Lisse and her friends have been deemed unemployable in the eyes of society. Now they must scavenge the disintegrating city for food and shelter, just to make ends meet.
But their dismal existence starts to look up when Lisse and her friends are ...
"Z for Zachariah" by Robert C. O'Brien.
Ann Burden is a teenage girl who believes she is the last survivor of a nuclear war. Since her family's disappearance on a search expedition, she has lived alone on her farm in a small valley spared from radiation poisoning. A year after the war, a stranger in a radiation-proof suit approaches her ...
Tunnel In the Sky by Robert Heinlein!
A Malthusian catastrophe on Earth has been averted by the invention of
teleportation, called the "Ramsbotham jump", which is used to send
Earth's excess population to colonize other planets. However, the
costs of operating the device mean that the colonies are isolated from
Earth until they can produce ...
The Live-Forever Machine
This is an early work by Kenneth Oppel, the author of such well-known works as Airborn. It’s got "machine" in the title, of course.
According to the Goodreads description:
Alexander, guardian of the secret of immortality, only wants to
preserve the past. His nemesis, Coil, will do anything to destroy it.
Within the eerie ...
Consider this photo of Eddie Cochran:
Compare that with a crew cut (1943):
Heinlein doesn't mean Beatles long.
He means rock star long which was still much longer and puffed up than the average well-dressed business man of the age.
This sounds very much as though it could be The Zero Stone by Andre Norton (which also has a sequel - "Uncharted Stars"), first published in 1968.
The young man's name is Murdoc Jern and he has an alien companion, kind of like a cat, called Eet.
One of the most familiar covers (at least to me) is:
There's a reasonably complete write-up by Judith Tarr on the ...
I'm pretty certain it's SPIRITS AND SPELLS by Bruce Coville, printed in 1984 by Dell Publishing Company as part of their TWILIGHT: WHERE DARKNESS BEGINS series. Matches your cover and story description to a tee.
Thank you for asking. I've been looking for this book for years and the details you provided filled in the parts I didn't remember very well. It ...
This is James Tiptree Jr.'s The Starry Rift .
From Publishers Weekly:
The unsettling quality one expects of Tiptree is immediately evident
in the sequences framing these three stories that share the background
of the pseudonymous novelist's Brightness Falls from the Air. In a
prologue, a librarian in a great galactic library and two students
This is a trilogy by Tripods author John Christopher: The Prince in Waiting, Beyond the Burning Lands, and The Sword of the Spirits. Literally everything fits, except I don't think the sword mentioned in the last title was blue. It was made in a modern-style blast furnace of case hardened steel, by the high seers who lived hidden under Stonehenge. The ...
The Turning Place: Stories of a Future Past, a 1976 collection by Jean E. Karl in her Clordian Sweep series.
Review by Charles N. Brown in Isaac Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine, Spring 1977, available at the Internet Archive:
The biggest joy in reviewing books is to come across something very good but obscure. My 'discovery' this year is Jean Karl's ...
The Supernaturalist (2004) by Eoin Colfer.
"In the not-too-distant future, in a place called Satellite City,
thirteen-year-old Cosmo Hill is unfortunate enough to come into the
world unwanted by his parents. And so, as are all orphaned boys his
age, Cosmo is dipped in a vaccine vat and sent to the Clarissa Frayne
Institute for Parentally ...
This is Bad Blood by Peter Kennedy (1996). It is the fifth book in the "Fun Fax Horror" series. It is young adult, according to Goodreads.
Summary (emphasis mine):
Mike Campbell can't believe his luck: he's got two free Zombies tickets and the most popular girl in his class has agreed to go to the concert with him! What Mike doesn't realise is that he's ...
"The Gadget Factor" by Sandy Landsman, 1985. Months of searching, finally found it!
Two college freshmen create the ultimate computer game, a universe built to their own specifications, but complications arise when their formulas for time travel also work in the real world.
It's a professor who steals the research, the person whose data the equations ...
The Keeper Of The Isis Light by Monica Hughes.
After her parents died when she was a baby, her guardian robot genetically modified her so that she could live in the uplands of the planet Isis, where radiation levels were high. She developed lizard-like skin.
The Farwalker’s Quest
This sounds like The Farwalker’s Quest, by Joni Sensel.
The main character had was a girl with the "long-forgotten job of being a guide." Check. She’s a Farwalker, who used to carry news and so forth between villages.
When she told him, he mused, “There aren’t supposed to be any
Farwalkers left. Storian told us in class that ...
This is The Lotus Caves, by John Christopher, published in 1969.
It's tied with The City of Gold and Lead for my favorite work by Christopher (a.k.a. Samuel Youd).
The most common cover image was this:
Fleeing the claustrophobic artificiality of the Moon Bubble, 14-year-olds Marty & Steve illegally reconnoiter-the long-abandoned 1st ...
The A.I. Gang by Bruce Coville :)
The first book is Operation Sherlock, followed by Robot Trouble and Forever Begin.
Amazon's description is
When five brilliant but wacky kids get dragged to a deserted island by
their scientist parents, they decide to do what any self-respecting
kid geniuses would do under the circumstances: beat the adults at
Pretty sure that is Piers Anthony's Race against Time (1973).
Some details to help verify:
He lives in a town which is done to LOOK like Nebraska, but isn't.
He has a dog that seems to have capabilities beyond what a dog should have.
Adults are actually a medium color, but spray themselves to appear Caucasian (in his area. Different colors are used in the ...
The Last Legionary series (Galactic Warlord, Deathwing Over Veynaa, Day of the Starwind, Planet of the Warlord, Young Legionary) by Douglas Hill.
The books tell of the adventures of Keill Randor, the last survivor of his planet's population, who are annihilated at the beginning of the book Galactic Warlord. Randor's people were hardened ...
I read this novel in the early 1970s, but it may have been written as early as the 50s.
That's The Secret of the Ninth Planet by Donald A. Wollheim, first published in 1959. There is a Project Gutenberg etext. Here is the back cover blurb from the 1965 Paperback Library edition:
SOMEONE—OR SOMETHING—WAS STEALING THE SUN!
At first the theft was ...
This scene from Ursula K. Le Guin's The Lathe of Heaven is a good match:
The crowd bumped around the pair, some stopping to watch, others
pressing on toward the Palace of Sport. “This is a Citizen’s Arrest,
passersby please take notice!” the tall man was saying in a piercing,
nervous tenor. “This man, Harvey T. Gonno, is ill with an ...
I'm pretty certain you are talking about The Golden Compass by Philip Pullman. It is part of the His Dark Materials series, which include Northern Lights (called The Golden Compass in North America), The Subtle Knife, and The Amber Spyglass. Fantastic series.
"The Ice Warrior" by Robin Chambers is likely the story you're thinking of. It has the barefoot Zaire kicker, the frozen ball, a grave where there was always snow even in summer (I know... a reversal of what you said), and then some other mysterious goings-on such as the people who set up the frozen ball dying in ice-related ways.
It looks like it's only ...