Ark of Venus by Clyde B. Clason
They hang chains off the bottom of the vessel which prevent the electromagnetic storms from damaging the vessel as it descends.
Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children (2011) by Ransom Riggs
These creatures that you are talking about are called Hollows. They don't really have pupils and steal others' eyes. They are absolutely bad! It's been a while since I read this book, so I can't be sure if this is it, but the Hollows never were good creatures throughout the entire ...
This sounds like either The Roar or its sequel, The Whisper. Here is part of a summary of The Whisper: After discovering that the world was not covered by catastrophic plague or poisonous yellow dust, telepathic twins Mika and Ellie realized that the government lied to the population. The governing elite wanted the people to believe this so that the rich ...
This Place Has No Atmosphere (1986) by Paula Danziger.
In the year 2057 people live in malls, take classes in ESP, and get detention from robots. Fifteen-year-old Aurora loves everything about her life. She’s part of the coolest group of kids at school and has just started dating the best-looking guy in her grade. Then her parents make ...
I believe that this is Space Hostages by Nicholas Fisk
The synopsis matches what you remember:
A crazed and dying flight lieutenant, nine village children and a top-secret aircraft - all of them are out of control and adrift in space. The bullying Tony sets himself up as captain, and leads the ship towards horrifying new dangers.
The book was first ...
The Shadow Warrior by Pat Zettner
When underlords burn her home, a young Solgant embarks on a dangerous
mission to find her brother, aided by two enemies of her people, a
Danturin goblin and an Eodan giant.
This Goodreads review has a lot more details:
For years Solgants have called an enemy race “goblins” — a people who come by night and raid ...
Some parts of your description sound like Mistborn by Brandon Sanderson:
The series primarily takes place in a region called the Final Empire on a world called Scadrial, where the sun and sky are red, vegetation is brown, and the ground is constantly being covered under black volcanic ashfalls. Every night the land becomes covered in an unnatural mist or ...