Most likely. We see the reverse happen in Star Trek (2009): while mind melding, Kirk picks up Spock's emotions:
SPOCK PRIME: (voice-over) Billions of lives lost, because of me, Jim. Because, I failed.
(the meld ends and Kirk is sweaty and crying)
SPOCK PRIME: Forgive me. Emotional transference is an effect of the mind meld.
Spock's language is imprecise though: it is just Vulcans who transfer their emotions to the other subject, or both? Everything we know about mind melds is that, well, the minds "meld," receiving the same thoughts. From the TOS episode "Dagger of the Mind:
SPOCK: You begin to feel a strange euphoria. Your body floats.
GELDER: Yes, I begin to feel it.
SPOCK: Open your mind. We move together. Our minds sharing the same thoughts.
From that description, it seems unlikely that only one partner would be receiving the other's emotions.
Another example of a Vulcan giving a human their emotions during a mind meld would be Sarek in the TNG episode of the same name. Sarek is of course suffering a disease that makes him extremely susceptible to emotion. But later in "Unification, Part II," it's implied that Spock is able to access Sarek's emotional feelings for him by melding with the human in question, Captain Picard.
SPOCK: Ironically, you may know Sarek better than his own son does. My father and I never chose to meld.
PICARD: I offer you the chance to touch what he shared with me.
I'd say the bulk of the evidence suggests that yes, Vulcans do feel the emotions of those they meld with (perhaps explaining why Spock seemed downright embarrassed about it in "Dagger of the Mind").