We know that Ice, the historical sword of House Stark was reforged after the events from the first book:

"...and had Ice melted down and reforged. There was enough metal for two new blades."
A Storm of Swords

By all accounts the art of forging/reforging Valyrian steel was lost after the Doom. How was Ice melted down and then reforged anew when the art of this would have been lost to time?

  • 3
    Forging can be a pretty different thing than reforging. The creation of Valyrian Steel might be lost, but there can still be those capable of working the metal, or reforging it without destroying the unknown alloy mix.
    – Radhil
    Commented May 17, 2018 at 18:19
  • 3
    Put simply, the art of making new Valyrian steel is long lost, but taking an existing piece of Valyrian steel and properly melting and reforging it will have it remain special and magical.
    – Virusbomb
    Commented May 17, 2018 at 18:20
  • Fair enough. I was basing it on the idea that shaping two new swords was different. i went looking and found an article from Popular Mechanics on that idea popularmechanics.com/culture/tv/a12927/…
    – VerasVitas
    Commented May 17, 2018 at 18:24

3 Answers 3


Tobho Mott was a smith from Qohor who knew the spells to rework the metal.

Tobho had learned to work Valyrian steel at the forges of Qohor as a boy. Only a man who knew the spells could take old weapons and forge them anew.

A Game of Thrones - Eddard VI

Ice was reforged by Mott. (at least it was in the books)

"Nor I, my lord," said the armorer. "I confess, these colors were not what I intended, and I do not know that I could duplicate them. Your lord father had asked for the crimson of your House, and it was that color I set out to infuse into the metal. But Valyrian steel is stubborn. These old swords remember, it is said, and they do not change easily. I worked half a hundred spells and brightened the red time and time again, but always the color would darken, as if the blade was drinking the sun from it. And some folds would not take the red at all, as you can see. If my lords of Lannister are displeased, I will of course try again, as many times as you should require, but—"

A Storm of Swords - Tyrion IV

"You have done good work, Master Mott," Lord Tywin told the armorer. "My steward will see to your payment. And remember, rubies for the scabbards."

A Storm of Swords - Tyrion IV

The secrets seem to be available only to Qohorik smiths.

The properties of Valyrian steel are well-known, and are the result of both folding iron many times to balance and remove impurities, and the use of spells—or at least arts we do not know—to give unnatural strength to the resulting steel. Those arts are now lost, though the smiths of Qohor claim to still know magics for reworking Valyrian steel without losing its strength or unsurpassed ability to hold an edge.

The World of Ice and Fire - Ancient History: Valyria’s Children

Only here, in all the world, has the art of reworking Valyrian steel been preserved, its secrets jealously guarded.

The World of Ice and Fire - The Free Cities: Qohor

  • In the show, the blacksmith wasn't Mott, but rather someone from Volantis.
    – JAD
    Commented May 18, 2018 at 14:30
  • No one's made a Valyrian steel sword since the Doom of Valyria. There are three living smiths who know how to rework Valyrian steel. The finest of them was in Volantis. Came here to King's Landing at my invitation.
    – JAD
    Commented May 18, 2018 at 14:31
  • @JAD This question has both tags, so I offered information from the better source.
    – Skooba
    Commented May 18, 2018 at 20:49

In this episode, Tywin Lannister explains to Jaime that he found someone who knew how to forge and reforge the sword. It seems that art of forging/reforging Valyrian steel, is not lost. Its just rare.

commissioned a Volantis blacksmith, the best of those who can work with Valyrian steel, to re-forge it.

Got Episode Wiki

  • 6
    The art of forging IS lost. Otherwise Tywin would have had a Valyrian Steel sword long ago.
    – Skooba
    Commented May 17, 2018 at 19:40
  • 1
    Also a "Volantis blacksmith".... cringes
    – Skooba
    Commented May 17, 2018 at 20:06
  • well thats what they say in the tv show. Commented May 17, 2018 at 20:55
  • Nothing against you or your answer, just more a quip at the show runners.
    – Skooba
    Commented May 18, 2018 at 20:49
  • @Skooba, more like art of Valyrian steel smelting is lost, because only thing Tywin lacked was material, and as soon he got it he was able to get the sword for his family.
    – user28434
    Commented May 30, 2018 at 11:11

Maybe it's simply the art/science of manufacturing Valyrian steel that was lost, and a really good blacksmith can still work with it. I remember reading a piece of (perhaps dubiously canon) lore that said that the production of Valyrian steel involved the use of magic. That would really cut down on the number of people who can make Valyrian steel in the Seven Kingdoms, since there are very few people who could know enough about magic to do this (the various followers of the Lord of Light, and maybe a couple maesters) and none of them are common (or particularly likely to become professional blacksmiths).

This isn't a hard answer, though. I don't think it was ever explicitly stated how it was done, or that Valyrian steel was actually impossible to make, but my book knowledge isn't good enough to confirm or deny any of this.

  • 3
    No need for dubious canon.... it is confirmed in actual canon :)
    – Skooba
    Commented May 17, 2018 at 20:10

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