In modern vampire fiction, it is almost universally true that vampires are created when a vampire drains a human of blood, then forces/entices/allows the human to drink blood from the vampire in return. See, for example, True Blood, The Vampire Diaries, Dracula, Being Human, and basically every modern "urban fantasy" novel.
As far as I can tell, this is a modern invention; traditional folklore had a pretty wide variety of vampire origins, but as far as fiction goes, early works like Stoker's portrayed vampirism as more of a contagion. The vampire fed on a victim, and they would sicken and die, then rise as a vampire the next night.
Which work of fiction introduced the blood-sharing idea into modern vampire mythology? And is there any known folklore basis for this idea?