As I understand it, there were two things that could hypothetically destroy the One Ring: dragonfire and lava in a volcano. Unfortunately, the last dragon was killed before the events of Lord of the Rings, so that option wasn't available.

However, surely there were other volcanoes in Middle Earth, even if they may have been much further away than Mt. Doom. Moreover, there were also probably plenty of places where the dwarves had dug deep enough to hit lava, which could have served the purpose equally well. Neither of these options would have been without danger, but surely almost anything would be better than, you know, sending a pair of hobbits deep into the heart of the enemy's territory.

So why didn't the Fellowship just hike to some volcano on the far side of Harad, or get a dwarven guide to take them deep under some mountains, and cast the One Ring into the lava there?

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    "However, surely there were other volcanoes in Middle Earth" Not according to the map Dec 23, 2015 at 19:03
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    @PaulDraper There's a lot of land not shown on the map beyond Rhun, Harad, and Umbar (Umbar isn't even shown on the map). The map only shows one small corner of a much larger continent. And for all we know, Middle Earth is only one of many continents on Arda.
    – Gwen
    Dec 23, 2015 at 19:06
  • @PaulDraper As I mentioned in another comment, while additional volcanoes are not shown on the map in the book, and are not known by the men of Gondor, I would expect the elves, Saruman, and the traders of Umbar to have much wider geographical knowledge.
    – Gwen
    Dec 23, 2015 at 19:07
  • @Gween, as I quoted the statement about volcanoes in Middle Earth. The map is titled "The Realm of Middle Earth". Dec 23, 2015 at 23:40

4 Answers 4


You are mistaken. Not any volcano would do, nor could dragonfire destroy the One Ring. Mount Doom had magical significance, since the Ring was forged there.

‘Your small fire, of course would not melt even ordinary gold. This Ring has already passed through it unscathed, and even unheated. But there is no smith's forge in this Shire that could change it at all. Not even the anvils and furnaces of the Dwarves could do that. It has been said that dragon-fire could melt and consume the Rings of Power, but there is not now any dragon left on earth in which the old fire is hot enough; nor was there ever any dragon, not even Ancalagon the Black, who could have harmed the One Ring, the Ruling Ring, for that was made by Sauron himself.

There is only one way: to find the Cracks of Doom in the depths of Orodruin, the Fire-mountain, and cast the Ring in there, if you really wish to destroy it, to put it beyond the grasp of the Enemy for ever.’

LotR, Shadows of the Past

I would also dispute the idea that the Dwarves ever delved down into magma. There's no indication I'm aware of that they did so. Gandalf fell in Moria, which was the one of the greatest and most ancient delving of the Dwarves, and Gandalf fell further than the Dwarves had delved, and he did not report it.

‘Name him not! ’ said Gandalf, and for a moment it seemed that a cloud of pain passed over his face, and he sat silent, looking old as death. ‘Long time I fell,’ he said at last, slowly, as if thinking back with difficulty. ‘Long I fell, and he fell with me. His fire was about me. I was burned. Then we plunged into the deep water and all was dark. Cold it was as the tide of death: almost it froze my heart.’

‘Deep is the abyss that is spanned by Durin's Bridge, and none has measured it,’ said Gimli.

‘Yet it has a bottom, beyond light and knowledge,’ said Gandalf. ‘Thither I came at last, to the uttermost foundations of stone. He was with me still. His fire was quenched, but now he was a thing of slime, stronger than a strangling snake.

‘We fought far under the living earth, where time is not counted. Ever he clutched me, and ever I hewed him, till at last he fled into dark tunnels. They were not made by Durin's folk, Gimli son of Gloin. Far, far below the deepest delving of the Dwarves, the world is gnawed by nameless things. Even Sauron knows them not. They are older than he. (LotR, The White Rider)

We have no reason to believe the other Dwarven habitations known in the West, in the Iron Hills and the Blue Mountains, were any more likely to have magma underneath them at any attainable depth.

Moreover, there are no other known volcanoes in Middle Earth; they would have to discover them. Whatever volcanoes did exist were almost certainly in the south and east, realms also ruled by Sauron.

  • While the east and south of Middle Earth wasn't on the map in the books, and wasn't known by the men of Gondor, I would be surprised if the elves, Saruman, or the sailors of Umbar didn't know more.
    – Gwen
    Dec 23, 2015 at 18:54
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    @Gwenn: The maps and tales of LotR are allegedly compiled with the help of Elvish lore and resources. If it ain't on the map, chances are the Elves didn't know about it. Either way, we're talking about a journey of probably thousands of miles through hostile territory. Hardly any better than Plan A, even if it would have worked.
    – Shamshiel
    Dec 23, 2015 at 22:43

The reason they had to take the ring back to Mount Doom is because that's where it was forged. Mount Doom was a rather unique volcano; Sauron specifically chose tro occupy Mordor because Orodruin (the elven name for the volcano) was there.

He carved out a workshop, Sammath Naur, that fed directly off the lava within the mountain, and used that to do his crafting. The implication is that this mountain was in some sense the most powerful volcano in Middle Earth.

Because that's where the ring was forged, that was the only place powerful enough to destroy it. We're led to assume that dropping it in any other volcano would have left it just floating in the lava, presumably to be spewed back to the surface in the next eruption.


It was no ordinary volcano

When Sauron began searching Middle-earth during the Second Age for a permanent dwelling place, his attention was immediately drawn to Mordor, and especially to Orodruin, whose power he believed he could use to his advantage. He subsequently established his kingdom based around Orodruin and "used the fire that welled there from the heart of the earth in his sorceries and his forging". The most famous of Sauron's creations forged at Mount Doom is the One Ring. In The Fellowship of the Ring, Gandalf explains that the materials of which the Ring is made are so durable and the enchantments with which it is imbued so powerful that it can only be destroyed in the Cracks of Doom where it was made.

Orodruin is more than just an ordinary volcano; it responds to Sauron's commands and his presence¹, lapsing into dormancy when he is away from Mordor and becoming active again when he returns. When Sauron is defeated at the end of the Third Age, the volcano erupts violently.


This is implied evidence from two observations

Sauron extended his own power into it, and was able to control its fires. It seems to have lain dormant when Sauron was away from Mordor, and sprung into life when his power grew. After the Downfall of Númenor, for example, the Exiles in Middle-earth first knew that Sauron had also escaped the Downfall when they saw smoke rising from Orodruin, and an Age later at the Council of Elrond (The Lord of the Rings II 2), Boromir says 'The Nameless Enemy has arisen again. Smoke rises once more from Orodruin that we call Mount Doom'.

These two infer that when people saw activity from the volcano, it implied the Dark Lord was up to machinations at The Fire Mountain. The suggestion is that somehow his powerful magics were activating the volcano, i.e. causing it to respond.

Side remark:

It isn't clear how Elrond or Círdan could know that throwing the Ring into Orodruin would destroy it - neither of them had had any part in the making of the Rings of Power, and both had refused Sauron's lore when he offered it to them. At this time, though, both Elrond and Círdan were themselves Ring-bearers (of the Elven-rings Vilya and Narya), and perhaps these Rings gave them special insight².


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    These quotes are both from the Encyclopedia of Arda, but they don't in turn cite any source. Is there anywhere you're aware of that does cite direct book support for (in particular) the idea that Sauron could command the volcano? Dec 23, 2015 at 19:15
  • Hm. I think that's tenuous, but exactly why is a matter for chat, which I can't do right now. Dec 23, 2015 at 19:32
  • I searched through the text for "Orodruin", "Mount Doom", and "the Mountain", and didn't find any direct support for the idea. Dec 23, 2015 at 19:43

Elrond says at the Council that there are no dragons remaining whose fires are hot enough to affect the Rings of Power, and that not even Ancalagon the Black could have harmed the One Ring.

Long distance travel with the Ring would have been risky. As for dwarves throwing it into lava, it wasn't any volcano that would have harmed the Ring, but rather the Fires where it was forged. Probably just encasing it in lava would have been equivalent to simply hiding it underground, and Gandalf says that unknown things dwell deep underground:

Something has crept, or has been driven out of dark waters under the mountains. There are older and fouler things than Orcs in the deep places of the world.

(Lord of the Rings, Book II, Chapter 4, "A Journey in the Dark")

Far, far below the deepest delving of the Dwarves, the world is gnawed by nameless things. Even Sauron knows them not. They are older than he. Now I have walked there, but I will bring no report to darken the light of day.

(Lord of the Rings, Book III, Chapter 5, "The White Rider")

This is the same reason that simply throwing it into the Sea wasn't an option.

  • I'm trying to remember Gandalf's specific words when he describes his fight with the Balrog, but the words are getting tangled up in my mind with Lovecraft's Necronomicon quote from The Festival about "great holes secretly are dug where Earth's pores ought to suffice".
    – LAK
    Dec 23, 2015 at 18:43
  • Took care of that for you :-) Dec 23, 2015 at 18:45

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