What about an off-the-wall answer or perhaps anti-answer, where an Anti-Christ is the "Chosen One?"
Written from a Catholic perspective very much of its period, it describes the near obliteration of Christianity and the rise of an Anti-Christ proclaimed by the populous.
Even though it is very much a polemic, it is still science fiction with predictions of technological impacts.
Lord of the World is a 1907 novel by Monsignor Robert Hugh Benson that centers upon the reign of the Anti-Christ and the End of the World. It has been called prophetic by Dale Ahlquist, Joseph Pearce, Pope Benedict XVI and Pope Francis.
Writing during the pontificate of Pope Pius X and prior to the First World War, Monsignor Benson accurately predicted interstate highways, weapons of mass destruction, and passenger air travel in an advanced form of Zeppelin called the "volor". However, he also presumed the survival of the British Empire and predominant travel by rail. Like many other Catholics of the era in which he wrote, Monsignor Benson shares the political and economic views of G. K. Chesterton and Hilaire Belloc. - Wikipedia
I haven't the novel, but this section comes close to what you are seeking.
Then, a curtain is torn aside, revealing a statue of a naked mother and child. Felsenburgh leads all the assembled worshipers in prayer to the "Mother of us all." All those present hail the statue as Queen and Mother.
The chapter ends with the words, "Then in the heavenly light, to the crash of drums, above the screaming of the women and the battering of feet, in one thunder peal of worship ten thousand voices hailed Him Lord and God."
Can a decidely negative depiction, based on the Bible, meet your criteria?