This was a novel set in the far-future. Definitely written in the last 20 years. I remember that the author had an exceptional understanding of philosophy and literature and a really strong vocabulary.
The story mostly occurred in virtual reality. Francis Bacon and Joan of Arc are virtual personalities that are real enough to be illegal to instantiate.
There were physical non-human characters which included AI maintenance robots (not androids) which adopted human philosophy and literature studies as hobbies. One's focus was Proust
Although set in the future, human occupation was limited to sol's system.
Voltaire and Joan of Arc were the main characters.
The novel must have been written during our period when prominent futurists were saying that the internet was going to be traversed by software agents, since that meme (classic sense) was the driver of much of the action.
The plot was unmemorable in that the illegally created personalities were instantiated to combat an existential threat in the form of a network agent to the solar system-wide information network, which they ultimately overcame in a brilliant and unexpected way, of course.