Many of your examples are military. In real life military, many vehicles do not require a key to start. They rely on the security of the base to prevent unauthorized usage. I'll try and find a link later but I read about an incident last year where a man somehow got into a military base and took a tank for a joy ride using the push button start.
The answer depends on just how pedantic you want to be.
Space Travel Vehicles With Some Basis In Scientific Reality
As Terdon has already pointed out, the first vessel used to travel through space in a manner vaguely similar to scientific reality was probably the "projectile" (Jules Verne's own name for it) in From the Earth to the Moon. However, as ...
Let's start with a real-world analogy...
From what I can recall of my experience learning to fly, all of the school's aircraft were parked unlocked with keys in. I never had to pick up a key to enter or start one up. I have to assume the area had sufficient control over access that securing the aircraft by locking them up and removing the keys would be ...
2,700,000 light years in 300 years is 9000 times the speed of light. Depending on what source you go by, this is either a bit over warp 9.99 (the Voyager technical guide) or significantly less than warp 9.99 (Voyager in "The 37s") or a whole lot less than warp 8.4 (TOS "That Which Survives"). Clearly there's a problem.
Out of universe, the writers just ...
In The Empire Strikes Back, we see TIE Fighters in the atmosphere of Bespin, not the vacuum of space, when the Millennium Falcon is being chased after rescuing Luke.
(See around 2.44)
As Bespin is a Gas Giant they obviously do not fly over land, but they are below a floating city known to have a breathable atmosphere.
There were two versions of the Enterprise used in production.
The first one was used in the original pilot and for all of the original introduction shots.
December 29, in 1964: Craftsmen Richard Datin, Vern Sion, Mel Keys, and Volmer Jensen pose outside of Jensen's Los Angeles model shop with the just-completed original 11-foot version of the starship ...
It was handwaved.
“In the book they have this really thin, light, flexible material that blocks all radiation,” says Andy Weir, author of the book The Martian on which the film was based. “There’s nothing even remotely like that in the real world. That was the magic I gave him so the story would progress. Otherwise Mark would have different kinds of ...
This is the S.S. Emmette, designed by Doug Drexler.
This time for real! Here it is, one of the most mysterious of all the
Enterprise ships, the S.S Emmette. Teasingly seen in the notorious
title sequence over what appears to be a moon base.
Look at the massive rocket style motors on the back of this bucket!
These giants suggest that perhaps ...
This sounds like part of Allen Steele's novel Coyote, which was originally published as short stories. From the Wikipedia description:
Just three months into the journey, something goes terribly wrong. Leslie Gillis, the senior communications officer, is awakened from biostasis. Expecting the year to be 2300, Gillis is horrified when he questions the AI. ...
The USS Stargazer appears in at least 150 episodes of The Next Generation.
According to this interview with Rich Sternbach (a designer on TNG and co-author of the TNG Technical Manual), the model is the Stargazer, Picard's first command.
In brief, from top-to-bottom:
The TARDIS (Doctor Who)
Millennium Falcon (Star Wars)
Battlestar Galactica (Battlestar Galactica)
Saturn V rocket (Apollo missions)
Discovery One (2001: A Space Odyssey)
USS Enterprise (Star Trek)
And once again, with pictures and a bit more commentary:
The TARDIS. This is the time machine used in Doctor ...
Out-of-universe, this was due to the existence of more than one Enterprise model, and to footage being reused:
The second configuration, used in the second pilot (and throughout the
rest of the series, due to footage being reused) was similar to the
first version, with the addition of running lights, additional
markings, and a grille pattern on the ...
Took some searching, but I finally found him...
Thank Cracked for the image
Thanks Hypnosifl to for the comment:
The image is apparently from Star Trek The Tour, see Joel Zink's photo gallery here which has an identical image. So, this doesn't really answer the original question about whether it was ever seen on TNG.
So it appears this is not ...
The term starship appeared in The Pageant of Life by George Barlow, first published in 1888:
(Original Print, see page 206)
This is likely the first appearance of the term in print and in the correct context — a ship traversing the "heavens".
After this, we have appearances in
R. Quiex's "War in Space" story (1926, as in Himarm's answer)
1930: The Black Star Passes, a novella by John W. Campbell, Jr. in his Arcot, Morey and Wade series, first published in Amazing Stories Quarterly, Fall 1930, available at the Internet Archive. (The Project Gutenberg etext of The Black Star Passes is useless for our purposes, as it was transcribed from the 1965 Ace edition, which is not identical with the ...
The disconnection of networks is explained in the miniseries that starts the reboot - the Galactica was one of the only remaining warships that was not networked - and this is what saved it from the malware portion of the Cylon attack. The newer ships, connected using some sort of advanced networking, were infected by the Cylons, and so destroyed.
There is the USS Gorkon (NCC-40512), named for the peace-making Klingon chancellor from Star Trek VI. It appeared in The Next Generation episode "Descent: Part I."
Also, the USS Sarek (NCC-72075) appears in Deep Space 9, "Favor the Bold."
The USS Shran (NCC-1413) honors Thy'lek Shran, the Andorian officer who eventually became an ally of Captain Archer ...
"Starship" implies travel between stars (e.g. ships that can only fly within a given solar system are probably NOT going to be called "starship")
A starship or interstellar spacecraft is a theoretical spacecraft designed for traveling between the stars, as opposed to a vehicle designed for orbital spaceflight or interplanetary travel.
Kind of... In theory, all ships are intergalactic*, but all of them would run out of resources before they got anywhere worthwhile.
In the Expanded Universe, there was one attempt at intergalactic travel, The Outbound Flight Project; however, it was stopped before they could leave the galaxy.
*There is no mention of the Outbound Flight having any kind of ...
He would die with that kind of protection.
There were some inaccuracies in the book and the plot. But it was a great book anyway.
That list of doom:
On a reddit Q&A, one fan asked Weir if such withering storms were possible on Mars.
Weir's answer: "No. Mars’s atmosphere is too thin. This was a deliberate concession to
drama that I ...
The Federation signed a treaty with the Romulans specifically forbidding the Federation and Starfleet (probably all life forms that are members of the UFP) to even research cloaking technology. They don't use it, because it keeps the peace truce with Romulus.
From Memory Alpha:
In 2311, with the signing of the Treaty of Algeron, the Federation
Here's a list of starships I recall being mentioned a lot, plus other people's suggestions, and how many times they appear in the transcripts.
USS Stargazer: 10
IKS Rotarran: 9 (Memory Alpha says 13, possibly based on official script notes)
NX-02 Columbia: 8
USS Potemkin (TNG/DS9 era): 6
USS Hood: 5
USS Excelsior: 5
USS Bozeman: 4
USS Endeavor: 4 (...
This is primarily attributable to Hollywood style. Even though it is realistic, Star Trek more often chooses what "looks right" instead. People are used to observing things in a 2D or gravity constrained 3D frame of reference, so when things are near each other, but in different planes of travel, it doesn't really look right to our minds.
There is a ...
"Specialist" by Robert Sheckley. It was the subject of this question and this one. You can read the whole story at the Internet Archive. Here is the plot summary from Wikipedia:
A galactic deep-space cargo ship is blown off course by a photon storm. When the crew recover, they don't know their location in space and one of their members, known as Pusher, ...
Perhaps you're thinking of one or more the Stargate SG-1 episodes featuring Replicators. There are a variety of types; the one pictured below is the 'spider' variant.
As mskfisher points out in his comment, machine guns were often used by SG personnel to defend against the Replicators.
Replicators (of all the variants) were featured in many episodes. ...
While the question doesn't provide a timeframe, I'm going to go out on a limb and suggest that it's Heinlein's Orphans of the Sky. The first part, Universe, appeared in Astounding Science Fiction in May 1941. Part II, Common Sense, appears in ASF in Oct 1941. The two were published together in 1963. Universe was also published separately in 1951.